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Globalization and Language Education - How Internet Changes the Way We Teach and Learn Languages?

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Title: Globalization and Language Education: How Internet Changes the Way We Teach and Learn Languages? Author: Tim Xie Last modified by: txie Created Date – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Globalization and Language Education - How Internet Changes the Way We Teach and Learn Languages?


1
Globalization and Language Education - How
Internet Changes the Way We Teach and Learn
Languages?
  • Dr. Tim Xie
  • Email txie_at_csulb.edu
  • Virtual office http//xietianwei.net
  • California State University
  • Long Beach
  • June 2008

2
Globalization
  • Globalization a process by which the people of
    the world are unified into a single society and
    functioning together (Chomsky, 2006).
  • This process is a combination of economic,
    technological, sociocultural and political forces
    (Sheila L. Croucher, 2004)

3
Need of common language(s) lingua franca and
language localization
  • English is not only a system communication but
    the preeminent language of science, technology
    and medicine.
  • English has become the lingua franca of the 21st
    century.
  • By 2010 there could be around 2 billion people
    learning English

4
China an example
  • The globalization caused rapid development of
    TESL in China. ESL students currently reach 300
    million.
  • On the other hand, the rapid economic development
    in China attracted about 400 thousand overseas
    students learning Chinese on the mainland (Deng,
    2006)
  • Chinese may become a lingua franca in Asia.

5
Language localization
  • The process of translating a product into
    different languages or adapting a language for a
    specific country or region.
  • Other speakers in 2050 will be 1.4 billion
    native speakers of Chinese
  • 556 million of Hindi and Urdu
  • 486 million Spanish
  • 482 million Arabic
  • (Yang, 2006)

6
McDonald in local languages
7
McDonald in local languages
8
  • The need of language learning is greater than
    ever!

9
How Internet Impacts Language Education?
World Internet Users (as of December 2007)
1,319,872,109
10
Growth between 2000-2007 average 265.6 the
fasted growth is in the middle east 920.2
Source http//www.internetworldstats.com/stats.h
tm
11
  • Singhal (1997) discussed the potential
    benefits of the Internet and how it can be used
    in the second or foreign language classroom. She
    indicates that Internet is not only a new tool of
    communication, but also a teaching and learning
    tool.

12
What is used for language teaching and learning?
  • LeLoup and Ponterio (2001) listed a number of
    Internet applications that can be used to enrich
    the foreign language classroom.
  • These applications include email, mailing list,
    e-journals, World Wide Web, streaming audio and
    video, search engines, remote access to libraries
    and database, chat, audio and video conferencing
    and messaging, web course management, etc.

13
Categorization of applications
  • Information resources - Web directories,
    searchable database (general - Eric, Google,
    Informaworld. Language education specific -
    Merlot), online textbooks and learning materials
    (including audio and video Podcasting, YouTube)
  • Communication asynchronous email, discussion
    forum and blog (including voice email like Wimba
    and YackPack) synchronous instant messengers
    (MSN, Yahoo) Internet telephony programs (Skype,
    Voipstunt)

14
  • Collaborative learning Document sharing,
    editing and publishing (writeboard.com,
    docs.google.com)
  • Learning tools - online dictionary, glossing
    engine, character animation, text-to-speech,
    concordancer, etc
  • Virtual classroom and office for online learning
    and long distance education (Elluminate, WizIq,
    webex, etc)

15
What changes are taking place?
  • The way of class preparation and presentation
    changed (including testing) from pen and paper
    (textbook, handouts, tests) to keyboard and
    screen (media) PPT, ePlan, eText, AP Chinese

16
  • The way of teaching and learning changed from one
    way delivery to two way interaction/communication
    (transnational).
  • Not only between teachers and students (Blogs,
    discussions, email), but also between the
    students and native speakers of the target
    languages or learners elsewhere
  • (Laowai Blog) http//blog.sina.com.cn/u/1237912290
    - a blog by a French

17
  • The place of teaching and learning changed from
    fixed classrooms and time to anywhere and
    anytime.
  • Classrooms, labs, online exercises and tests,
    virtual classroom teaching, virtual office hours
    and tutoring.

18
What are the advantages?
  • Aydin (2001) summarized the research results on
    advantages of using the Internet in language
    teaching and learning.
  • Helping learners to gain more input (Kitao,
    1998).
  • Increase of synchronous and asynchronous
    communication (Kern, 1995 Warschauer and Healey,
    1998).

19
  • Giving the opportunity to construct knowledge
    together by expressing themselves in print and
    then assessing, evaluating, comparing, and
    reflecting on their own views and those of others
    (Warschauer, 1997).
  • Communication with native speakers allows
    learners to practice specific skills such as
    negotiating, persuading, clarifying meaning,
    requesting information, and engaging in
    true-life, authentic discussion (Aydin, 2001).

20
What are the problems?
  • Accessibility and inequity the internet is not
    always accessible by all learners and teachers..
    75.6 in Sweden vs 4.5 in Kenya (The Word Bank,
    2004)
  • Internet unfamiliarity some teachers and
    students are not familiar with the Internet.

21
  • Not all topics are suitable for school children.
    (Aydin, 2001)
  • Information explosion The increasing amount of
    information generally makes learners confused
    while they try to reach specific information
    (Chafe, 1999).

22
What will be in the future?
  • Technological development unpredictable
  • Normalization Bax (2003) proposed three stages
    of CALL restricted, open and integrated CALL. At
    the final stage everything in normalized.
  • The technology is invisible, hardly even
    recognized as a technology, taken for granted in
    everyday life.

23
  • CALL will be normalized when computers are
    treated as always secondary to learning itself,
    when the needs of learners will be carefully
    analysed first of all, and then the computer used
    to serve those needs. (Bax, 2003)

24
Think globally and act locally !
25
Reference
  • Aydin, Selami. (2001). The Use of the Internet in
    ESL Learning Problems, Advantages and
    Disadvantages. Humanising Language Teaching. Year
    9 Issue 1. Retrieved February 3, 2008 from
    http//www.hltmag.co.uk/jan07/sart02.htm
  • Bax, S. (2003). CALL past, present and future.
    System, Vol. 31. pp.1328.
  • Chafe, Allison. (1999). Effective use of the
    Internet in Second Language Education Benefits,
    Challenges and Guidelines for Teachers. Retrieved
    February 3, 2008 from http//www.cdli.ca/achafe/I
    nternetinclassroom.html
  • Chomsky, Noam. (2006). Chats with Washington
    Post readers, The Washington Post, March 24.
    Retrieved March 24, 2008 from http//www.chomsky.i
    nfo/debates/20060324.htm
  • Croucher, Sheila L (2004). Globalization and
    Belonging The Politics of Identity a Changing
    World. Rowman Littlefield.p.10
  • Deng, Shizhong. (2006). TCSL and TESL in China.
    US-China Education Review, Volume 3, No.8.
    ISSN1548-6613, USA. Retrieved March 12, 2008 from
    http//www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
    content_storage_01/0000019b/80/2b/5e/6a.pdf

26
  • Kern, R. (1995). Restructuring classroom
    interaction with networked computers Effects on
    quantity and quality of language production.
    Modern Language Journal, 79(4), 457-476.
  • Kitao, S. K. (1998). Interaction and on-line
    synchronous communication in English language
    learning, CALL-EJ. Retrieved February 3, 2008
    from http//www.lerc.ritsumei.ac.jp/callej/3-1/kki
    tao.html.
  • LeLoup, Jean W. and Ponterio, Robert. (2001).
    Enhancing Authentic Language Learning Experiences
    through Internet Technology. ERIC Digest 2/6
    ED442277. Retrieved February 3, 2008 from
    http//www.ericdigests.org/2001-1/internet.html.
  • Singhal, Meena. (1997). The Internet and Foreign
    Language Education Benefits and Challenges. The
    Internet TESL Journal, Vol. 3, No. 6. Retrieved
    February 3, 2008 from http//iteslj.org/Articles/S
    inghal-Internet.html.
  • Warschauer, M. (1997). Computer-Mediated
    Collaborative Learning Theory and Practice.
    Modern Language Journal, 81(3), 470-481.
  • Warschauer, M., Healey, D. (1998). Computers
    and language learning An overview. Language
    Teaching, 31, 57-71.
  • Yang, Sung Chul . (2006). English Language and
    Globalization. Talk at new faculty members
    orientation workshop, sponsored by the Korea
    Universitys Center for Teaching Learning ,
    Sheraton Grand Walker Hill Hotel on February 24,
    2006. Retrieved March 5, 2008 from
    http//www.koreadis.ac.kr/bbs/pds/EnglishLanguagea
    ndGlobalization1_2.doc

27
Thank you!
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