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Test Security (Required for DTCs, STCs, and TAs)

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Title: DTC Training Module 4 - Test Security Author: somervis Last modified by: Cindy Barrick Created Date: 8/3/2009 6:05:25 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Test Security (Required for DTCs, STCs, and TAs)


1
Test Security(Required for DTCs,STCs, and TAs)
2
Test Security
  • Objectives
  • Understand principles of secure test
    administration
  • Understand how to maintain security of printed
    test materials
  • Learn how to avoid and respond to test
    improprieties

3
Test Security
Definition and Purpose
  • Purpose To protect the integrity and
    confidentiality of secure test items, prompts,
    and passages. The security of these materials is
    necessary so that they can be used in later years
    to measure trends in performance. In addition,
    test security helps to ensure test results can be
    used in accountability reporting.
  • Definition A test impropriety is any instance
    where a test is not administered in a manner
    consistent with the Test Administration Manual or
    OAR 581-022-0610 Administration of State Tests.

4
Test Security
Test Impropriety Statistics
  • Some numbers from the 2013-14 school year
  • 133 districts reported at least one test
    impropriety
  • 730 total improprieties were reported
  • 1,000 student tests were impacted
  • Test Impropriety Trends
  • Non-allowable resources (including cell phones)
  • Student coaching
  • Student given the wrong test
  • Student cheating and talking
  • Unsecure test environment
  • Mishandling of secure test materials
  • Breach of student confidentiality
  • Missing the shipping / data entry deadline
  • Student tested under wrong SSID

5
Test Security
Secure Testing Environment
  • A quiet environment, void of distractions and
    supervised by a trained test administrator
  • Visual barriers or adequate spacing between
    students
  • Student access to only those supports listed in
    the Oregon Accessibility Manual
  • All paper test materials collected and accounted
    for after each testing event including printed
    reading passages (or test items)
  • Student data is treated as confidential no
    e-mailing names and SSIDs together

6
Test Security
Student Coaching
  • Definition Providing students with any type of
    assistance that may affect how a student
    responds includes both verbal cues and nonverbal
    cues to the correct answer
  • Examples
  • Leading students through instructional strategies
    such as Think Aloud
  • Asking students to point to the correct answer or
    otherwise identify the source of their answer
  • Requiring or rewarding students for showing their
    work
  • Requiring students to raise their hands and
    receive permission before moving on to the next
    item
  • Reading aloud test content for which the
    read-aloud or text-to-speech are not approved
    designated supports or accommodation

7
Test Security
Potential Consequences
  • Test opportunities may be invalidated in cases
    where test validity was compromised. Students
    will not receive additional test opportunities.
  • If the district determines that the testing
    impropriety qualifies as gross neglect of duty,
    then the district must report it to TSPC within
    30 days. Personnel may then be subject to
    disciplinary action as determined by TSPC.
  • Districts may also evaluate cases according to
    their own Human Resource policies.
  • Private schools and programs may have
  • their access to state tests revoked.

8
Test Security
Dos
  • TAs must ensure that students use the correct
    SSID and take the correct test.
  • TAs must securely shred test materials such as
    printed test items or reading passages, draft
    responses, scratch paper, or other paper
    hand-outs written on by students after each
    testing event.
  • Test materials must be securely stored at all
    times.
  • Test improprieties must be reported within 1 day
    of learning of them to ode.testsecurity_at_state.or.u
    s, and the district investigation must be
    completed within 30 days.
  • If a DTC cannot investigate an impropriety, the
    district must assign someone else to
  • the task.

9
Test Security
and Donts
  • TAs must not review or analyze secure test items
  • Students must not access non-allowable resources
    such as notes, text books, cell phones, iPods, or
    e-mail
  • Students must not remove test materials from the
    test environment
  • TAs must not copy or retain any test materials,
    including secure test booklets, writing prompts,
    or reading passages
  • DTCs, STCs, and TAs must not share their OAKS
    log-in information with anyone
  • (even other authorized users)

10
Test Security
Promising Practices
  • Non-allowable resources
  • TAs closely review the Oregon Accessibility
    Manual prior to testing and examine the test
    environment to ensure that all non-allowable
    resources are removed. This includes covering up
    posters that contain non-allowable content.
  • TAs remind students of the rules and post
    reminders outside the lab. For cell phones, TAs
    create procedures for collecting all cell phones
    before students enter the test environment.
  • Student cheating
  • TAs provide space or visual barriers between
    students.
  • TAs circulate through the test environment to
    monitor students.
  • Student coaching
  • TAs limit interactions with students to the
    verbatim student directions in the Test
    Administration Manual and appropriately
    administer accommodations.
  • TAs do not require students to show their work or
  • otherwise provide students with feedback during
  • testing.

11
Test Security
Promising Practices (contd)
  • Mishandling of Secure Test Materials
  • Using colorful materials to identify which
    students have printed test materials remaining at
    their stations.
  • When setting up the test environment, the TA
    should ensure that the TAs computer is set to
    print in the computer lab where the students are
    testing.
  • The TA uses the class roster to mark which
    students received printed test materials (e.g.,
    reading passages or test items) and how many each
    student received. The TA then matches the class
    roster to the printed test materials collected at
    the end of the testing event to account for all
    printed test materials.

12
Test Security
Promising Practices (contd)
  • Student given wrong test
  • TA works with STC and other appropriate staff to
    identify students designated to take the Extended
    Test or to test in Braille or English-Spanish.
    For students on an IEP, TA reviews IEP to
    identify needed accommodations
  • STC and DTC ensure that student settings are
    updated in TIDE to restrict access to online
    tests for students taking the Extended Test and
    to update other test settings (e.g., language,
    print size) for students
  • Before approving students to start a test, the TA
    reviews student settings
  • Student tested under wrong SSID
  • For young students or newcomer ELs, the school
    includes student picture on student SSID card
  • TA carefully reviews student names before
  • approving students to test

13
Test Security
Promising Practices (contd)
  • Unsecure test environment
  • TA does not leave the test environment
    unsupervised or allow untrained staff to enter
    the test environment (this includes substitute
    teachers).
  • Missing data entry deadline
  • DTC communicates with staff ahead of time about
    upcoming deadlines.
  • In case of unplanned staff absences, staff
    cross-train.
  • Several days before the deadline, the DTC ensures
    that all necessary materials are collected.
  • TA review/analysis of test items
  • If students have a concern about a test item, the
    TA reads the script from the Test Administration
    Manual directing the student to the Student
    Comment Feature.
  • To identify content covered on the test, the TA
    refers to the Test Specifications and Blueprints

14
Test Security
In a Nutshell
  • Only authorized staff who have signed an
    Assurance of Test Security Form may have access
    to the test environment or secure test materials.
  • TAs must limit interactions with students during
    testing to what is permitted by the Test
    Administration Manual and Oregon Accessibility
    Manual.
  • Scratch paper and all other printed materials
    written on by students during testing must be
    collected and securely shredded at the end of
    each testing event.
  • DTCs must report all test improprieties to ODE
    within 1 day. Report form is available online

15
Test Security
Online Resources
  • Test Administration Manual and Best Practices
    Guide http//www.ode.state.or.us/go/tam
  • Oregon Accessibility Manualhttp//www.ode.state.o
    r.us/search/page/?487
  • Promising Practices http//www.ode.state.or.us/se
    arch/page/?2444
  • Test Security Forms http//www.ode.state.or.us/go
    /testsecurity

16
Test Security
Acorns for Storage
  • Why is test security so important?
  • What are some strategies to minimize the risk of
    test security violations or test improprieties in
    general?
  • If you think an impropriety has occurred, what
    steps should you take?
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