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- ???? ??????Lean ????

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' - Lean Management ( ). . – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: - ???? ??????Lean ????


1
Lean Management
?????? ?? ???????? ?? ????' ???? ???

2
?? ?? - Lean Management
  • ??? ????? (?????).
  • ????? ?????? ?????.
  • ????? ??? ?????? ??????, ????? ????? ??????.

3
????? ????? ?????? Lean ???
Lean Management
4
???????? ?????
  • ?????? ?????????
  • ??????????
  • ??? ?? ?????

Lean Management
5
???? ?????? ????? ?- Lean
Lean Production Mass Production
???? ????? ???? ???? ???????? (????? ???? ?????) ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? (????? ?????????)
????? ?????? (?? ?"??????" ?????? ?????? ????????) ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ????
??????? ??????? (Just in time) ??????? ?????
????? ?????? (????? ?????? ??????,??????? ???') ???? ????? ??????
????? ?????? ???????, ?????? ???? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???????
  • LEAN
  • ????? ???? ?????

6
????? Lean
  • ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????
    ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????.

????? NVA (Non Value Added)
Lean Management
7
??????
  • Value Added -VA
  • ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??
  • ????? ?????.
  • Non Value Added -NVA
  • ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??
  • ????? ?????.
  • ???????? ??? ???? ????, ????,
  • ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????.

Lean Management
8
????? ??????
  • ????? ???
  • ?????? ???????
  • ??????
  • ??? ?????
  • ????
  • ?????? ???
  • ????? ???
  • ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???

Lean Management
9
OVERPRODUCTION ????? ???
  • ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????
  • ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????
  • ????? ??????
  • ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???
    ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???????.
  • ???? ?????? ??????, ?????? ????? .

Lean Management
10
????? ??????
  • ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ?????
    ???????? ??????.
  • ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????, ???? ????
    ???? ???? (????? ???? ?????)
  • ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????
    ???????? ???? ????? ??? ??????.

Lean Management
11
????? ??????
  • ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????
  • ???? ????? ?????
  • ????? ???? ???
  • ?????? ?????, ???????? ?????
  • ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???????.

Lean Management
12
??????
  • ???? ????? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ?"?, ??? ?????, ??????
  • ???? ????? ????? ?????.
  • ????? ??? ??? ?? ?????.
  • ????? ?? ????.
  • ????? ???? ????.
  • ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????.

Lean Management
13
????? ??? ?????
  • ???? ????? ?????? ?????? (????? ?????? ??????
    ???? ????? ??????)
  • ???? ????? ??????.
  • ???? ?????? ??????.
  • ????? ?? ???? ?????????.
  • ????? ?????? ????? (?????? ?????)

Lean Management
14
????? ???? ???
  • ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????
  • ?????? ?????? ????? ??????
  • ????? ?????
  • ???? ????? ????? ??????
  • ?????? ?????? ?????
  • ??????? ??????

Lean Management
15
????? ??????
  • ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????
    ?????
  • ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???????.
  • ????? ????? ?? ??????.
  • ?????? ??????.
  • ???? ????? ???? ????.
  • ????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????.

Lean Management
16
????? ???
  • ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????
  • ????? ???? ???? ????
  • ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????
  • ???? ????? ??????
  • ????? ????? ??????
  • ???? ????? ??????

Lean Management
17
????? ?????? Lean Management
  • ???? ?????? ?? Lean Management ?????? ????? ?????
    ???????
  • ??????? ???? ???????? (5S)
  • ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? (?????????, ?????,
    ?????)
  • ??????? ?????? (PUSH)
  • ?? ??? ?????? ????? Lean Factory

Lean Management
18
1. ????? ?????????, ????? ?????? ?? ??????
  • ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????
  • ????? ??????
  • ??? ??????? ( 5S)
  • ????? ?????????
  • ????? ???? ?????? ( Plant Layout)

19
1.1 ????? ??????
  • ????? ??????? (?????) ????? ????????, ???????
    ??????, ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????.
  • ??????? ??????? ???????
  • ?????.
  • ????? ???.
  • ????? ?????.
  • ???? ????? (??????).

Lean Management
20
1.2 ??? ???????
  • ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???, ????? ????? ???
    ??????.
  • ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????????
    ?????? ????.
  • ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????.

??? ????? ???? ???.
Lean Management
21
THE 5 - S
  • ????? Sort
  • ????? - Straighten
  • ?????? - Shine
  • ????? - Spread
  • ????? - Standardize

Lean Management
22
1.3 ???? ????????
  • ???? ????? (Kanban) - ????? ????? ???????
    ?????,??? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????.
  • Color Code, Red Tag
  • ????? ??? ?????????? (???? - ???? ),
  • ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????
    ?????? ??? ??????

Lean Management
23
????? ???? ?????? Plant Layout
  • ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????
  • ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????
  • ????? ??????
  • ????? ????? ????? ??????
  • ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????
  • ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????

Lean Management
24
???? ?????? ??? ???
  • ????? ?????? ??? ???
  • ????? ???? Set up, ?????? ?????? ????? ????
  • ????? ????? ?????? Batch
  • ????? ????? ?????? ??????
  • ????? ?????? ?????

25
2.1 ????? ?????? ??? ???
  • ??????? ?????? ??? ?????
  • ???????? ?????? ??????, ?????? ???? ????? ???????
  • ????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??????
  • ????? ?????? ??????
  • ????? ??????? ????? ??????

EMPOWERMENT
Lean Management
26
2.2 ?????? ??????, ???? ???? ?????? ????
  • ????? "????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?"? ????? ????
    ??? ????? ?????? ?????"

Lean Management
27
2.2 ?????? ??????, ???? ???? ?????? ????
  • ?????? ????? ??
  • 41 ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???
    ?????
  • 29 ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????
    ??????
  • 30 ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????????
    ???????? ??? ?????

Lean Management
28
2.3 ????? ????? ?????? Batch Size
  • ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????, ??? ?????? ???
    ????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????
    (WIP) ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.
  • ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???.

Lean Management
29
2.4 ????? ????? ?????? ?????? Point Of Use Storage
  • ?"? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????
  • ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? Win-Win
  • ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????
  • ????? ?????? ????? ?????
  • ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????
  • ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????

Lean Management
30
2.5 ????? ????? Quality at the Source
  • ????? ????? ?????? ??????
  • ?????? ????? ??????? ?"? ??????? ??? ????? ??????
  • ????? ?????? ??????? ????
  • ?????? ?????
  • ????? ??? ?????? ?????
  • ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? Value Added
    ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? - ????????

Lean Management
31
???? ?????? ??? ?????
  • ????? ???? Pull System
  • ????? ???? ????? - Cellular Manufacturing
  • ????? ????? ?????? - TAKT TIME

32
3.1 ??????
  • ???? PUSH ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????
    ?????? ???? ????. ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????.
    ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????
  • ???? PULL ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????
    ??? ????? ?"? ?????. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?"?
    ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????.

Lean Management
33
3.2 The Pull System
  • ???? PULL ?????? ???? ?????? ???????
  • ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????
  • ???? ???? ??????
  • ???? ????? ?????
  • ????? ?????? ?? ??????
  • ???? ???? ?????? ??????
  • ??? ????? ????

Lean Management
34
3.3 Cellular Manufacturing
  • ?????
  • "????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????
    ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????
    ????? "
  • ????? ????? ?????
  • ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ????
  • ????? ????? ?????? ? Takt Time
  • ????? ??? ???????
  • ????? ??????? ???????? ???????
  • ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????

Lean Management
35
3.4 Takt Time
  • Takt Time ????? ??????
  • ?????
  • ????? ?????? ??? ??????/?? ?????? ?????
  • ?????
  • ????? ??????1200 ?????/115 ?????? ??????? 10.4
    ????? ??????
  • ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ????
    ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????.
  • ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????
  • ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ? Takt Time
    ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????????
    ????? ??????.

Lean Management
36
3.4 Takt Time
?? ???? ????? ???? ???, ?????? ?????? ?????
?? ???? ????? ??? ? - Takt Time ?????
Lean Management
37
3.4 ????? ?????? ???
  • ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???
  • ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?"? ?????? ???,
    ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?"? ?? ????.
  • ??????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????
    ???? ????
  • 100 ????? ????? ??????, ?????? ????????? ?????
    ??? ????, ????????.

Lean Management
38
??????? ????? ????? Lean
  • ????? ???? ?????
  • ????? ?????????
  • ????? ?????? ?????? WIP
  • ????? ?????
  • ????? ?????? ????????

Lean Management
39
- ???? ??????Lean ????
  • ????? Lean ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????
  • ???????? ?? ????? ??????.

Lean Management
40
????? Lean Enterprise
  • '' ???? '' Lean???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???????
    ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?"? ????? ??????? ???????
    Lean .
  • Lean Aerospace initiative, MIT, 2001

Lean Management
41
????? ?????
???? Customer
????? ????? Product Support
?????? ????? Manufacturing Operations
????? ???? Product Development
?????, ?''?, ???? Finance, H/R, Legal, etc
??? ????? Supplier Network
Lean Management
42
???? ?????? -Stakeholders
Lean Management
43
????? ????? Lean
  • ????? / ''????'' Lean ????? ?? ??. ??????
  • ???????
  • ????? ????
  • ????
  • ?????????
  • ????? ????????
  • ????? ?????? / ?''????'' ?????? ??????

Lean Management
44
Top to Bottom Management
  • The single most effective action in converting
    an organization to lean practices is for the CEO
    to lead the initial improvement activities.
  • Art Byrne, President CEO of Wiremold
  • The notion that you can drive lean from the
    bottom up is pure bunk.
  • Mike Rother
  • Becoming Lean, 1998

Lean Management
45
??????? ??????
  • ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ??????
    ?????? ????? ???????- ?? ?? ??????? Lean .
  • ????? ????? ???? ?? ??????, ????/????? ?"? ???
    ????????,????? ?????.
  • ??????? ?????, ????, ????? ??????? ?? ????????
    ???? ????? ??????.
  • ????? ??????? ?? "????Lean ".
  • ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????
    ?????? (Stakeholders).
  • ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? Lean .
  • ????? ?????? ???????/?????? ??????? ???? ?????
    ??????.
  • ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ??????? ????????.
  • ??????? ?????? ??????

Lean Management
46
??????? ??????
  • ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????
    ?????.
  • ???? ??????? ??????????.
  • ??????? ?????? ???? Readiness for Change
  • ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????????????.

Lean Management
47
??????? ???? ????? ????????
  • ???? ???????
  • ??????? ??????
  • ????? ??????
  • ??????? ???? ??????
  • ???? ?????? (????? ????? ????? ?????
    ????)
  • ????? ??????
  • ????? ????????????
  • ????, ???? ????? ??????

Lean Management
48
????? ?????? ?????
  • ????? ?????? ??????/????? ?????.
  • ???? ?????? ?????? ??????.
  • ????? ????? ???? ?? ?"? ?????? ??? ?"? ???????
    (????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????(.
  • ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????.
  • ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????.
  • ?? ?? ????? ??? ??. ????? ????? ?????.
  • ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? Lean
    ,???? LESAT -Lean Enterprise Self Assessment Tool.

Lean Management
49
???? ?????? Enterprise Vision
  • ''????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????
    ?????? ?"? ????. ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???????
    ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????
    ??????? ??????.''
  • Nanus
  • Visionary Leadership , 1992

Lean Management
50
????? ??? ?? ???? ??????
Lean Management
51
????? ??? ?? ???????
  • ??? ??? ?????? ??????, Just in Time ,??? ???????.
  • ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????.
  • ??????? ????? ????? ?????.
  • ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????.
  • ???????
  • ???? ?????? ??????
  • ????? ??? ???

Lean Management
52
????? ??? ?? ?"?
  • ??? ??????? ??????, ??????? ?? ??????.
  • ???? ????? ?????? ?????, ???? ???? ?? ???????.
  • ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????.
  • ????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????.
  • ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????.
  • ???????
  • ????? ?????????
  • ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????
  • ???? ?????
  • ???? ??????

Lean Management
53
????? ??? ?? ??????
  • ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???
    ??? ??????.
  • ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????.
  • ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????
    ??????? ?????.
  • ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ??????.
  • ????? ?????, ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????.
  • ???????
  • ????? ??????? ????? ????
  • ????? ????????? ????????

Lean Management
54
????? ??? ?? ??? ???????
  • ????? ?? ?????? ??????.
  • ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??"?.
  • ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ???
    ?????.
  • ????? ????? ?????? .
  • ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????, ?? ??????
    ?"?????" ????? ????.
  • ???????
  • ??? ???? ???????
  • ?????? ?????? ????? ?????
  • ??. ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????
  • ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????.

Lean Management
55
????? ??? ?? ???? ??????
  • ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????
    ?????? ????????.
  • ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????.
  • ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????
    ??????.
  • ????? ?????? ?????? ?"? ???? ????????? ?????.
  • ???????
  • ???? ?-ROI Return on Investment
  • ????? ????? ?????

Lean Management
56
????? ??? ?? ??????
  • ??????? ????? ??????, ??????? ????? ?????.
  • ????? ???? ????? ?"? ?? ?????? ????? ??????.
  • ???? ???? ????? Lean ?????? ??????????
    ???????? ????????????.
  • ????? ???????/?"? Just in Time ?-Point of Use .
  • ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????
    ????????? ?"? ????? ?? ?? ????? (????? ??????).
  • ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??????
    ?-enterprise.
  • ???????
  • ???? ???????
  • ????? ???? ???????
  • ????? ????? ?????

Lean Management
57
????? ??? ?? ??????
  • ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????.
  • ?????? ???? ?????? ?????, ????? ?????? ??????
    ??????.
  • ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????.
  • ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????, ??? ????? ?????
    ?????.
  • ???????
  • ?????? ????? ?????
  • ????? ???? ?????? ??????
  • ???? ???? ????? ?????

Lean Management
58
????? ??????
Lean Management
59
??????
  • ??????? Lean ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? (Adding
    Value) ?????? ?????? ????????.
  • ?????Lean ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??
    ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ?????
    ?????? ?"? ????? ??????????.
  • ??????? ???? ?????? ?"? ???? ?????? ?? ?????.
  • ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? (??????? ?????).
  • ????? ???? ????? ?? ???, ???? ????? ??????
    ???????? ?"? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????.

Lean Management
60
???? ?? ??????
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