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Mission Possible: a Food-Borne Illness (FBI) Scenario

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Mission Possible: a Food-Borne Illness (FBI) Scenario TLC Business Health Care Integrated Activity – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mission Possible: a Food-Borne Illness (FBI) Scenario


1
Mission Possible a Food-Borne Illness (FBI)
Scenario
The Case of the Potluck Poisoning
  • TLC Business
  • Health Care Integrated Activity

2
Your Mission
  • This is a Health Care activity to experience what
    it is like to work in Health Informatics
    Occupations. GOOD LUCK!
  • Your mission is to solve the Case of the Potluck
    Poisoning a Food Borne Illness scenario by
  • Using this presentation
  • Filling out medical forms in your student binder
  • Exploring the Health Informatics Occupations
  • Deciding from the facts what caused the Potluck
    Poisoning

3
Health Informatics Occupations
  • These occupations collect, manage, organize, and
    analyze information in the Health Care Field.
  • These occupations require computer technology
    skills and knowledge of health care office
    software.

4
You will be exploring these occupations
  • The Admitting Clerk that records the patients
    personal and insurance information.
  • The Epidemiologist that collects all the facts
    and solves the case.

5
The Community Potluck was organized by 4
individuals
  • Molly is a local housewife who runs a day care
    center.
  • Mike runs the towns meat packing plant.
  • Abram is the manager of the Roto Rooter
    Fertilizer Outlet.
  • John is a hard-working local dairy farmer.

6
Activity 1 Identify the 4 Contributors to the
Potluck Dinner
  • Locate your Health Informatics Activity 1
    worksheet in your student binder.
  • Describe the people as you watch the presentation
  • Match the people to the pictures that represent
    their part in this scenario by writing the LETTER
    of the person in the square to the left of the
    picture
  • Use the next 4 slides to find the answers.

7
Molly
  • She is a local housewife who runs a day care
    center for 9 children approximately 1-8 years
    old.
  • She was asked to cook 15 hams.
  • The day of the banquet, she and 3 of her older
    day care children spent most of the day preparing
    the hams in her kitchen.
  • She also has a soft spot for birds and cats you
    are told she has 4 birds and 12 cats.

8
Mike
  • He runs the towns meat packing plant.
  • He and his wife donated some 150 pounds of beef
    and pork which, when you arrive, are being cooked
    over several open pit barbeques.
  • Several kids, ages 5-9, are playing near some of
    the uncovered meat.
  • You also note several flies camping on the beef,
    and a no-pest strip hanging close by.

9
Abram
  • He is the manager of the Roto Rooter Fertilizer
    Outlet in the states capitol, about 290 miles
    away.
  • He has been ill recently and only helped mix the
    salad after nobody else would volunteer to do it.
  • Symptoms of his recent illness include double
    vision, diarrhea, high fever and skin lesions.
  • He feels fine now.

10
John
  • He is a hard-working local dairy farmer who has
    been asked to bring 200 gallons of red fruit
    punch.
  • Lacking anything else to bring the punch in, he
    uses several of his milk cans.
  • The milk cans have just recently ha repaired from
    several years of use.

11
The Case of the Potluck Poisoning
  • It could happen anywhere.
  • On the evening of September 23, at approximately
    830 p.m., your phone rings.
  • Upon answering, a nurse from your local hospital
    frantically tells you of some 95 people who are,
    as she describes it, Lying all over the place.
  • They are vomiting, they have diarrhea and some
    are in such pain that they wont even move from
    the hallways of the hospital and the front lawn
    of the community center.

12
The Community Potluck Dinner
  • From what you can gather at the emergency room,
    there was a community potluck dinner, which was
    attended by some 350 people.
  • The dinner began at 800 p.m.
  • The first sick patients began arriving at the
    hospital around 825 p.m.

It is time to explore 2 occupations to help you
solve the case...
13
Gather information from the patients to admit
them into the hospital
  • As the Admitting Clerk of the Hospital you are
    responsible to get personal and medical insurance
    information from all patients
  • Family members begin to arrive and you get
    information from them.

14
Activity 2 Patient Record
  • Locate your Health Informatics Activity 2
    worksheet in your student binder.
  • Accuracy is required!!! No mistakes.
  • Work with a partner and fill out their
    information on YOUR paper.
  • You should make up your information about your
    age, if you are married, phone number, etc.
  • Finish this activity before going on to the next
    slide.

15
Explore the duties of the Admitting Clerk
  • The Admitting Clerk and the Medical Records
    Technicians have similar duties

16
To continue
  • The ambulance driver begins to talk about a
    community potluck dinner where several hundred
    people are in attendance. He says that more
    people will probably be coming.
  • Going in through the side door, you meet 6 other
    victims experiencing similar symptoms.
  • We are informed by Environmental Health Services
    that this seems to be a larger than normal
    outbreak and they have called an Epidemiologist.

17
The Epidemiologist arrives
  • It is only 20 minutes later as the Epidemiologist
    arrives at the hospital.
  • In the ensuing time, an additional 20 individuals
    have arrived - all with similar symptoms.
  • The Epidemiologist begins to collect information
    by setting up his laptop computer and using the
    latest version of the EPI Info web site.
  • In the meantime, 3 Environmental Health
    Specialists are sent to the dinner to collect
    food samples, which are transported to the public
    health laboratory at the hospital.

18
To Be Continued
  • The Epidemiologist begins to piece together a
    story from the sick people, which involves
  • People at a community dinner become sick
    displaying nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, severe
    headache, but no fever.
  • The Environmental Specialists collect the
    containers the food and drink were served in.
  • By early the next morning, several patients are
    ready to be interviewed.
  • The Epidemiologist interviews people who brought
    the food and drink.

19
Activity 3 Epidemiologist Chart
  • Locate your Health Informatics Activity 3
    worksheet in your student binder.
  • Complete the Epidemiologist Chart.
  • Enter a 1 for what the 5 people ate. The
    totals at the bottom of the chart are filled in.
  • You need to study the formulas at the bottom and
    then enter the last formulas and analyze the
    numbers.
  • What percent of people will reveal what food
    item made them sick?
  • Continue on to the next slide to get the
    information about the first 5 people and what
    they ate so you can complete the chart.

20
Information For the Epidemiologist Chart
  • Enter the following information in your
    epidemiologist chart about each of the people
    below. Then figure out the numbers at the bottom
    of the chart.
  • TANNER - Did not get sick. He ate the ham
    salad. He drank water only. He is on a diet and
    is limiting his sugar intake.
  • ANA - Did get sick. She ate the ham, salad and
    drank the fruit punch.
  • MEGAN - Did get sick. She ate salad and had the
    fruit punch.
  • JIM - Did get sick. He ate the ham, salad, and
    drank the fruit punch.
  • BRIANN - Did not get sick. She ate the salad and
    drank water.
  • Finish this activity before going on to the next
    slide.

21
There are many reasons why people get sick.
  • Viruses and bacteria may cause infections likes
    strep throat and influenza (flu).
  • Some bacteria and viruses can live in food
    causing food-borne illnesses like salmonella and
    hepatitis A.
  • Exposure to excessive amounts of chemicals or
    chemical elements (also called minerals) can
    cause illness like heavy metal poisoning from
    lead or cadmium.

22
Activity 4 Classify Illnesses
  • Locate your Health Informatics Activity 4
    worksheet in your student binder to learn more
    about 5 illnesses
  • Record the cause of each illness
  • Record the time it takes to get sick
  • Record what happens to the patient
  • This information will help you solve the case
  • Use the next 4 slides to find the answers

23
Influenza (Flu)
  • Cause of the illness This is an extremely
    contagious infection caused by a virus.
  • It attacks the nose, throat, and lungs.
  • Time for symptoms to occur is short and the
    symptoms come on quickly.
  • Symptoms are fever, headache, fatigue, dry
    cough, sore throat, congested nose, and body
    aches.
  • Most people will recover in one to two weeks, but
    a few people will progress to pneumonia and other
    complications including death. An average of
    35,000 Americans die annually from Influenza.

24
Hepatitis A
  • Cause of the illness Is a viral infection that
    causes liver damage.
  • This particular virus is transmitted by food or
    water that has been contaminated with feces from
    an infected person.
  • This obviously means you should always wash your
    hands after going to the bathroom AND before
    handling food.
  • Time for symptoms to occur is within 2 to 4
    weeks.
  • The symptoms include jaundice (yellow skin and
    eyes), fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite,
    nausea, and vomiting.
  • There is no treatment for Hepatitis A.

25
Salmonella
  • Cause of the illness This is a bacterial
    infection that may occur after eating
    contaminated food such as raw chicken or raw
    eggs. Some animals, such as reptiles, baby
    chicks, and baby ducks, may also carry salmonella
    and pass it in their feces. Cats and dogs can
    also carry salmonella in their feces as well.
  • Time for symptoms to occur they begin one to
    three days after the infection.
  • Salmonella infection causes diarrhea, fever, and
    stomach pain.

26
Lead Poisoning
  • Cause of the illness Lead is a soft, heavy blue
    gray metal naturally occurring in the earths
    crust. Lead used to be common in paints, and is
    still found in batteries, solder used for
    repairing metal containers, bullets, and roofing
    materials. It also exists in food cans that
    have not been soldered properly.
  • Time for symptoms to occur within 30 minutes to
    an hour.
  • Lead poisoning can cause stomach pain, diarrhea,
    and vomiting. Prolonged exposure can damage the
    kidneys, cause mental retardation, coma,
    seizures, and death.

27
Cadmium Poisoning
  • Cause of the illness Cadmium is a metal, which
    can be very poisonous to the body. It is highly
    corrosion resistant and is desirable in the
    automotive, electronics, marine, and aerospace
    industries. It has also been used in soldering
    and in the production of metal cans.
  • Time for symptoms to occur within 30 minutes to
    an hour.
  • If cadmium is ingested, it can immediately cause
    choking attacks, vomiting, abdominal pains,
    diarrhea, dizziness, and a loss of consciousness.

28
The case continues
  • Within 24 hours the first results of the food
    come back negative. The food items were not
    spoiled with bacteria.
  • Investigation shifts to chemical or metal
    poisoning.
  • The symptoms presented by the patients mimics
    that of heavy metals.
  • The question was where did the heavy metals come
    from?

29
Activity 5 Fact Review Questions
  • Locate your Health Informatics Activity 5
    worksheet in your student binder and analyze the
    information found in Activity 1 The Types of
    Illnesses and Activity 4 The Epidemiologist
    Chart.
  • As the Epidemiologist, answer the following
    questions to help identify what item made
    everyone sick and how it made them sick.
  • Finish this activity before going on to the next
    slide.

30
Did you solve the case correctly?
  • The food-borne illness was caused by
  • John took the milk cans to get repaired, the
    repair shop used metal solder that contained lead
    and cadmium.
  • Everyone who drank the fruit punch became sick
    within 30 minutes.

heavy metal poisoning
31
Congratulations!
  • Next time everyone will know better to use
    containers that will not contaminate the food or
    drink they contain.
  • Make sure when you use food containers that they
    are made of plastic or stainless steel any
    non-corrosive material.

32
Close the PowerPoint program and refer back to
your instruction binder for the next activity in
this unit.
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