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ROMAN CIVILIZATION

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CHAPTER 5 ROMAN CIVILIZATION THE ROMAN WORLD 509 B.C.E. to 568 C.E. Questions to Ponder: How was this great empire created? In what did the excellence of Roman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ROMAN CIVILIZATION


1
CHAPTER 5
  • ROMAN CIVILIZATION
  • THE ROMAN WORLD
  • 509 B.C.E. to 568 C.E.

2
Questions to Ponder
  • How was this great empire created?
  • In what did the excellence of Roman imperial
    government consist?
  • If the Roman achievement was so significant, why
    did Rome decline and fall?
  • What did the Roman Empire fail to offer its
    people?

3
Early Italy and the Origins of Rome
  • Geography and the Early Settlers of Italy
  • Romes Origins
  • The Roman Monarchy, 753-509 B.C.E

4
The Republic and The Roman Conquest of Italy
  • 509-133 B.C.E
  • Establishment of the Republic
  • Struggle for Equal Rights
  • Society and Religion
  • The Conquest of Italy
  • Expansion in Italy

5
The Republic and The Roman Conquest of Italy
  • Treatment of Conquered Peoples
  • The First Punic War
  • The Contests with Hannibal
  • Roman Intervention in the East
  • Rome, Supreme in the Mediterranean World

6
The Late Republic Conflict and Crisis
  • Effects of Roman Expansion
  • Reform Movement of the Gracchi
  • The First Civil War Marius Versus Sulla
  • The Second Civil War Pompey Versus Caesar
  • The Third Civil War Antony Versus Octavian

7
The Roman Empire and the Pax Romana
  • 30 B.C.E - 568 B.C.E
  • Reconstruction Under Augustus
  • The Julio-Claudian and Flavian Emperors
  • The Antonines Five Good Emperors
  • The Pax Romana

8
The Roman Empire and the Pax Romana
  • Economic Prosperity
  • Early Evidence of Economic Stagnation
  • Rome, Imperial Capital
  • Social Life

9
Judaism Within the Roman World
  • Development of Jewish Religious Thought

10
The Rise and Triumph of Christianity
  • The Life and Teaching of Jesus
  • The Destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E.
  • The Work of Paul
  • Reasons for the Spread of Christianity

11
The Rise and Triumph of Christianity
  • Persecution of Christians
  • Church Organization
  • Foundations of Christian Doctrine and Worship
  • The Regular Clergy

12
The Legacy of Rome
  • The Roman Spirit
  • Evolution of Roman Law
  • Roman Engineering and Architecture
  • Sculpture and Painting
  • Literary Rome

13
The Legacy of Rome
  • The Golden and Silver Ages of Latin Literature
  • The Writing of History
  • Religion and Philosophy
  • Science in the Roman Empire

14
Fatal Flaw
  • For all its integrity and enlightenment, it could
    not win loyalty and active support from its
    people.

15
YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND
  • The different peoples that came into the Italian
    peninsula and their influence on Rome.
  • The steps by which the ordinary people gained
    political rights and power.
  • Specifically how and when Rome built its empire.

16
YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND
  • The civil wars of the late Empire.
  • The benefits of the Roman peace, the Pax Romana.
  • The economic, social, political, and military
    factors that contributed to the decline of Roman
    power.
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