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Chapter 8 Early Christian

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Chapter 8 Early Christian & Byzantine Art – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 8 Early Christian


1
Chapter 8 Early Christian Byzantine
Art
2
Portrait of Galla Placidia, from a miniature
painting on a gilded glass medallion ca. 400
Brescia Aelia Galla Placidia (c. 388 November
27, 450) was the daughter of Roman Emperor
Theodosius I and his second wife Galla, who
herself was daughter of the Emperor Valentinian
I, Galla Placidia was half sister of emperors
Honorius and Arcadius.
3
Exterior of Galla Placidia Mausoleum Ravenna
4
The Good Shepherd Galla Placidia Mausoleum
5
San Vitale Ravenna 540 547 CE
6
San Vitale view from the south
7
San Vitale apse
8
South wall of the apse
9
North wall of the apse
10
North wall choir
11
Detail capital, southeast ambulatory
12
Exterior view of the Hagia (holy) Sophia (wisdom)
13
HAGIA SOPHIA THE MOTHER CHURCH
14
Interior view of the Hagia Sophia It was the
largest cathedral in the world for nearly a
thousand years, until the completion of the
Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520.
15
Interior view looking towards the mihrab and one
of the semi-domes
16
Side view of the Hagia Sophia, with the Ottoman
stone buttresses clearly visible
17
The church was richly decorated with mosaics
throughout the centuries. They either depicted
the Virgin Mother, Jesus, Saints, or emperors and
empresses. Other parts were decorated in a purely
decorative style with geometric patters. During
the Sack of Constantinople in 1204, the Latin
Crusaders vandalized the valuable items in every
important Byzantine structure of the city,
including the golden mosaics of the Hagia Sophia.
Much of these valuable items were shipped to
Venice, whose Doge, Enrico Dandolo, had organized
the invasion and sack of Constantinople.
18
  • In order to understand what a pendentive is,
    however, it might be best to show visually the
    problem a pendentive was trying to solve. Look at
    these three pictures and then read the
    description below.

19
(No Transcript)
20
  • A pendentive is a constructive device permitting
    the placing of a circular dome over a square room
    or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room.
    The pendentives, which are triangular segments of
    a sphere, taper to points at the bottom and
    spread at the top to establish the continuous
    circular or elliptical base needed for the dome.
    In masonry the pendentives thus receive the
    weight of the dome, concentrating it at the four
    corners where it can be received by the piers
    beneath. Prior to the pendentive's development,
    the device of corbelling or the use of the
    squinch in the corners of a room had been
    employed. The first attempts at pendentives were
    made by the Romans and full achievement of the
    form was reached in Hagia Sophia at
    Constantinople (6th cent.) by the Eastern Roman
    Byzantine Empire. Pendentives were commonly used
    in Renaissance and baroque churches, with a drum
    often inserted between the dome and pendentives.

21
St. Catherine's Monastery, Sinai
22
Ancient icons of Christ and the Virgin Mary.
23
A resident Orthodox monk gives a talk.
24
The iconic image of Christ Pantocrator ("Christ,
Ruler of All") was one of the first images of
Christ developed in the Early Christian Church
and remains a central icon of the Eastern
Orthodox Church. In the half-length image, Christ
holds the New Testament in his left hand and
makes the gesture of teaching or of blessing with
his right.
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