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Components%20of%20Culture:%20Language

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Components of Culture: Language Language Defined: A set of symbols that expresses ideas and allows people to think and communicate with each other. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Components%20of%20Culture:%20Language


1
Components of Culture Language
2
Language Defined
  • A set of symbols that expresses ideas and allows
    people to think and communicate with each other.
  • Can be verbal or nonverbal.

3
Even within one language, confusion is common.
  • How many interpretations can you think of for
    these sentences?
  • Theres a fork in the road.
  • My neighbor had her second car stolen.

4
Can you answer these questions?
  • Why are they called stands when theyre made
    for sitting?
  • Why it called after dark when its really
    after light?
  • Why do fat chance and slim chance mean the
    same thing?

5
Understanding language becomes even more
challenging for non-native speakers.
  • Im stuffed!
  • Do you have a torch?
  • Are you in college?

6
Language can also be a source of discrimination.
  • Language and Gender
  • The use of the word man in words like chairman
    and mankind.
  • Use of the pronouns he and she affects
    thinking about gender. For example, nurses and
    secretaries are usually referred to as she.

7
Language can also be an expression of racial and
ethnic discrimination.
  • Some words have more than one meaning and create
    negative images, such as blackhearted or a
    black mark on your record.
  • Negative words can also become associated with
    groups, such as referring to Native Americans as
    savages.

8
Language, Race Ethnicity
  • The percentage of Americans who do not speak
    English at home has continued to increase over
    time.

9
Proverbs are one example of how culture is
conveyed through words.
  • A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
  • Cleanliness is next to Godliness.
  • The early bird gets the worm.

What do these proverbs say about American culture?
10
What do these proverbs mean?
  • Lower your voice and strengthen your argument
    (Lebanese proverb)
  • "When the brothers fight to the death, a stranger
    inherits their father's estate. (African
    proverb)

11
Mexican Proverb
  • Anda tu camino sin ayuda de vecino.
  • Walk your own road without the help of a
    neighbor.

12
To Summarize
  • Language is a set of symbols, which allows people
    to communicate with each other (both verbal and
    nonverbal)
  • Language can be a source of discrimination.
  • Language is a common source of confusion, even
    among members of the same culture.
  • Language is a vital means of transmitting culture.
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