36th session of the World Heritage Committee Side-event at the Pulkovo Observatory 28 June 2012, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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36th session of the World Heritage Committee Side-event at the Pulkovo Observatory 28 June 2012, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

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Title: 36th session of the World Heritage Committee Side-event at the Pulkovo Observatory 28 June 2012, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation


1
36th session of the World Heritage
Committee Side-event at the Pulkovo
Observatory 28 June 2012, St. Petersburg, Russian
Federation
  • UNESCO
  • Thematic Initiative
  • Astronomy and
  • World Heritage
  • Anna P. Sidorenko
  • Coordinator UNESCO World Heritage Centre

2
1994
Global Strategy
Global Strategy aims to ensure that the World
Heritage List reflects the world's cultural and
natural diversity of Outstanding Universal Value
3
2003
and Astronomy
Preliminary Study Pilot-Project Proposal

Properties related to science or having an
important component directly or symbolically
linked with, for example, astronomical
observations, are under-represented on the World
Heritage List
  • Activity implemented with the support of the
    Netherlands Fund in Trust

4
2003
and Astronomy
Why Astronomy and World Heritage ?
  • Astronomy is present in all periods, from
    ancient to modern times, and in all geographical
    regions
  • Astronomical knowledge is reflected in the
    structure of historical monuments and in urban
    planning
  • Astronomical applications of cultural
    properties are often interlinked with different
    traditions and practices

5
28th session of the World Heritage Committee
(Suzhou, China)
2004
The World Heritage Committee requested the World
Heritage Centre to submit, for its consideration
at its 29th session (2005), the thematic
initiative of the World Heritage Centre on
Astronomy and World Heritage
  • 2004 First International expert meeting on
    scientific and astronomical heritage (WHC
    UNECSO Bureau in Venice)

6
UNESCO Thematic Initiative "Astronomy World
Heritage
2005
Astronomy World Heritage (AWH) aims to enhance
links between Science and Culture towards
recognition of the monuments and sites connected
with astronomical observations dispersed
throughout all geographical regions, not only
scientific but also testimonies of traditional
community knowledge. The identification,
safeguarding and promotion of these properties
are the three lines of action for the
implementation of this Initiative.
7
AWH


This Initiative offers to the States Parties a
possibility to evaluate and recognize the
importance of scientific and technological
heritage in terms of enrichment of the history of
humanity, of promotion of cultural diversity and
of development of international exchanges.
 
8
2005
29th session of the World Heritage Committee
(Durban, South Africa)
The World Heritage Committee requested the
Director of the World Heritage Centre to further
explore the thematic initiative Astronomy and
World Heritage as a means to promote, in
particular, nominations which recognize and
celebrate achievements in science.
  • 2005 - sub-regional round table (Institute of
    Astronomy, Moscow)

9
Public pages Timeline
2006
10
Cyber Laboratory Data Base
2006
  • Activity implemented with the support of the
    Royal Astronomical Society of the United Kingdom

11
2008
32nd session of the World Heritage Committee
(Quebec City, Canada)
The World Heritage Committee examined an
Integrated Implementation Strategy of the
Thematic Initiative Astronomy and World
Heritage This strategy, prepared in
coordination with the National Focal Points in
charge of implementation of the Initiative,
Advisory Bodies and the International
Astronomical Union (IAU), aims to improve the
identification, conservation and management of
the specific types of properties connected with
astronomical observations and traditional
astronomical knowledge.
12
2008
Memorandum of Understanding between UNESCO and
IAU on Astronomy and World Heritage
13
Activities
By the Memorandum of Understanding signed on 30
October 2008, the Parties confirm their
commitment to promote the World Heritage
Convention and, in particular, to explore and
implement the Astronomy and World Heritage
Initiative.
14
Activities
  • The Parties shall work together to develop and
    implement a joint programme of activities focused
    on the following four areas of cooperation
  • Research to provide experts who will assist
    with site identification and inventory
  • Education to build the capacities of World
    Heritage property managers and enlarge their
    experience through fellowship programmes
  • Promotion to provide institutional partners
    who will assist with development of the data
    base
  • Partnerships to create tri-partite
    partnerships between the parties and others, in
    order to gather enough
  • financial support to implement the Initiative.

15
IAU AWH International Working Group http//www.ast
ronomicalheritage.org/
16
International Year of Astronomy UNESCO General
Conference
2009
The Universe, Yours to Discover
The International Year aimed to help people
realise the impact of astronomy and basic
sciences on our daily lives and understand better
how scientific knowledge can contribute to a more
equitable and peaceful society. www.unesco.org/iya
2009
The year 2009 marks the 400th anniversary of the
first use of the telescope for astronomical
observation by Italian scientist Galileo Galilei.
17
International Year of Astronomy Cycle of
activities
2009
Astronomy and World Heritage across time and
continents
18

KAZAN RESOLUTION
Observatories as scientific monuments Mater
ial representations of the results of
astronomical observations and contextual
understanding constructions, architecture and
urbanism related to applied astronomy and/or
bearing astronomical information Properties
whose design and/or landscape setting have
significance in relation to celestial objects or
events Monuments, sites and cultural
landscapes related to the history of astronomy
and/or human cultural practices related to
astronomy Sites related to space exploration
  • 2009 - International Conference Astronomy and
    World Heritage across time and continents,
    Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

19
ICOMOS IAU Thematic Study on Astronomical
Heritage
2010
  • The Thematic Study constitutes the background for
    a comparative analysis that could be carried out
    to assess the Outstanding Universal Value of a
    specific site of the same type proposed for World
    Heritage listing
  • This Thematic Study
  • - identifies the main characteristics and
    astronomical values of the generic type of
    heritage site from a World Heritage perspective,
  • - examines a select number of representative
    examples included or not included in the World
    Heritage List,
  • - determines possible gaps in the latter and,
    with reference to the Operational Guidelines,
  • - indicates the criteria under which such sites
    might be nominated for inscription on the World
    Heritage List.

20
2010
34th session of the World Heritage Committee
(Brasília, Brazil)
The World Heritage Committee took note of the
activities organized by the States Parties within
the framework of the Thematic Initiative
"Astronomy and World Heritage", and requested the
World Heritage Centre to disseminate the Thematic
Study on Astronomical Heritage jointly prepared
by ICOMOS and the IAU Working Group among the
States Parties.
  • Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (India), inscribed on the
    World Heritage List as an astronomical
    observation site built in the early 18th century
    comprising 19 large instruments for naked-eye
    observation
  • The 13th-century Dengfeng Observatory (China),
    inscribed on the World Heritage List as one of
    the components of the Historic Monuments of
    Dengfeng in The Centre of Heaven and Earth
    (China)
  • First International Seminar on Serial Nomination
    of
  • properties connected with Astronomy held in Cairo
    (Egypt)

21
2011
35th session of the World Heritage Committee
(UNESCO, Paris)
  • The World Heritage Committee
  • noted the completion of the thematic study
    on Heritage Sites of Astronomy and
    Archaeoastronomy
  • encouraged States Parties to take into
    account the recommendations provided by the
    Science and Technology Expert Working Group in
    the context of World Heritage Nominations
    (London, 2008), as well as recommendations
    developed within the framework of the Thematic
    Initiative Astronomy and World Heritage while
    preparing nominations to the World Heritage List.

22
36th session of the World Heritage Committee
(St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 2012)
The World Heritage Committee - encourages
cooperation between the UNESCO World Heritage
Centre, specialized agencies and relevant
interdisciplinary scientific initiatives towards
the elaboration of a Global Thematic Study
on Heritage of Science and Technology,
including studies and research on technological
heritage connected with space exploration.
23
We count on your support and contribution for the
success of this Initiative We invite your
experts and specialists to join our network on
Astronomy and World Heritage Thank you very much
for you interest

24
http//whc.unesco.org/en/astronomy/
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