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Future Directions

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... New urbanism traditional neighborhood development : ... Kim Sorvig - Sustainable Landscape Construction , ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Future Directions


1
CHAPTER 14
Sustainable Construction
  • Future Directions

2
1. Articulating Performance Goals
for Future Green Buildings
  • ??? ????? ??? ???? ??
  • 1) Factor 10 ????? 1/10? ??
  • 2) Ecological footprint ?? ????? ?????? ??
  • 3) Ecological rucksack ?? ??? ??? ??? ??
  • 4) Life-Cycle Assessment(LCA)? ????
  • - ????? ??? ????? ???

3
2. The Challenges
  • ??? ??? ??? ?? ????
  • - ??? ??? ??? ????(Taking the next
    technology leap)
  • - ????? ???(Reinventing the construction
    industry)
  • - ?? ???? ??(Rethinking the products of
    construction)
  • 2-1. ??? ??(Technology Leap)
  • ?? ????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?
  • ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ? ??? ?? ?? ?
  • - ? ?
  • 1) Vernacular vision(????? ??)
  • 2) High technology approach(????? ??)
  • 3) Biomimetic model(??? ?? ?? ??)

4
  • 2-1-1. The Vernacular vision Relearning the
    past(??? ???)
  • ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???.
  • ?
  • 1) Florida? Cracker architecture comfort
    ventilation
  • 2) ?? ??? ? ???? Adobe architecture
  • - Convective Cooling (Thermal Mass)
  • ???? ?? ? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? LEED? ?? ????? ?
  • ????? ??? ?? ??? ??????(Passive energy design)?
  • ???? ??? ???? ?

5
Figure 14.1 Vernacular architecture in north
Florida (Cracker architecture)
6
Figure 14.2 New Mexico adobe architecture
7
  • 2-1-2. The High Technology approach
  • ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??
  • ?
  • 1) ??? ???? ? ??? ??? ??
  • 2) ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?
  • ??? ???
  • 3) ??? ??(??)? ??? ??? ? ?? ??? ???
  • 4) ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????

8
  • ???? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??
  • ??? ????? ????? ?? ???
  • 1) ???(Energy)
  • - ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???? 1/10? ???
  • - ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??
  • ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????????
  • ??? ??
  • 2) ?(Water)
  • - ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? 1/10? ???? ???
    ??
  • - ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??
  • 3) ??(Materials)
  • - ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??
  • - ????? ??????, ????? ?? ???? ??? ??
  • - ??? ?? ?? ? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??

9
4) ??????? ??(Natural systems interface)
- ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????
???? ???? ?? - ?????
? ??? ????? ?? ? ??? ??
? ???(???) ?? ? ??? ??
? ??? ?? 5) ???(Design) -
???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ??? ?? ??? -
???, ????? ? ????? ??? ???? ?????
???? ???? ????? ??? ????. 6) ??? ??(Human
health) - ??? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???
? ???, ??, ??? ?, ??? ?? -
?? VOC ??? ??? ??
10
  • 2-1-3. Biomimetic Model
  • Janine Benyus Biomimicry Innovation Inspired by
    Nature, 1997.
  • - ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????
  • ????? ???
  • - ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???
  • ??? ??? ????? ??
  • - ? ???? vs ??
  • ? ????
  • - ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??
    ?? ???? ????? ???? ???
  • ? ??
  • - ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??
    ????
  • ???? ??, ? ? ??? ????? ??
    ??
  • - ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??

11
?? ? - ?????? (??? ? ??? ???? ??)
- ??? ??? ???? ? ???? - ???, ???
?? - ??? ???(??-mussels) ?
12
  • 2-2. Reinventing the construction industry
  • ?????? ??? ??(design) ? ??(Construction) ?
  • ??(Operation) ? ??/ ??(Renovation) ?
    ??(Disposal)
  • ??? ????? ???
  • - ????? ??? ?
  • - ???? ???? ? ?? ??
  • - ??? ?? ? ??? ????? ????
  • - ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??
  • - ?? ??? ???? ??

13
  • ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??
  • 1) Technology
  • - ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?
  • 2) ??(Policy)
  • - ??? ????? ???? ????? ?
  • 3) ????(Incentive)
  • - ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?
  • 4) ??(Education)
  • - ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???,
  • ????? ?? ???? ?
  • - ???, ???, ????, ?????, ??????,
    ?????,
  • ????, ???? ? ?? ????, ?? ? ????,
  • ??? ????, ?? ??? ???? ?

14
5) ???? ???(Performance-based design fees)
- ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ? ???
?? ? ????? ?? ???? ?? - ??? ?
??? ? ? ??? ? ??? ??? ? ?? ???
? ???? ??? ?? ?? ? ??
??? ????? ?? ?? 6) ????(Construction process)
- ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ? ?
????? ?? ?? ? ??? ? ??? ??? ???
? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?
?????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ? ?????? ??? ???
??? ? ??? ??? ? ???? ???
15
  • 2-3. Rethinking the products of construction
  • ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????
  • ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???.
  • 1) ???? ?????? ??(????, ????, ????, ????,
  • ????) ???? ??? ????
  • - New urbanism ?? traditional neighborhood
    development
  • ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???
  • ????? ??
  • ? ?? ?????? 10? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????

16
2) ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?????
???? ? - ?? ??? ??? ??? - ?? ??? ???
???? ?? ?? ???? - ??? ? ?? ?? ?? ???? -
??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????
17
3. Revamping Ecological Design(??? ??? ??)
  • ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??.
  • ? ?? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???
  • ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???
  • ???, ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???
  • ????? ??.
  • ???? ????(General) 15??(PP. 413-414)
  • ???? ??(Materials) 11??(PP. 414-415)
  • ??? ?? ??(Design) 12??(P. 415)
  • ?? ??(Industrial Ecology) 5??(PP. 415-416)
  • ?? ??(Construction Ecology) 3??(P. 416)
  • ?? ??(Other Issues) 4??(P. 416)

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27
4. The Cutting Edge- the South Dade Ecology
Institute (???- ??? ??? ?????)
  • 2004? University of Florida? Jeffrey Huber? ????
    ?? ????
  • Siting(??? ??)
  • - ??? ??? ? ????? ???
  • - ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?
  • ??? ??? ?? ?
  • - ???? ??? ?? ?? ??
  • - ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??
  • - ?? ??? ?? ???
  • - ??? ?? ?????

28
Figure 14.3 The Surrounding agricultural area and
the rainwater harvesting tower.
Figure 14.4 The building raised above the
floodplain, the vegetative screens, and the close
integration of local agriculture with the building
29
  • Interior climate control(?? ????)
  • - ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????
  • ???? ??
  • - ?? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??
  • - ?? ?? ?? ??? ??(Clerestory)? ???? ???? ??
  • - ??? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???
  • ? ??? ??
  • - ??? ???? ???? ???? ??
  • - ????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???
  • - ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??
  • ? ?, ??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???
  • ????? ??

30
Figure 14.5 The roof is used for growing food
crops that also absorb stormwater and contribute
to a thermally resistant roof system
Figure 14.6 View of the wastewater treatment
anaerobic chambers and rainwater towers
31
Figure 14.7 View of upper-level exterior walkway,
with biological screens
32
  • Hydrologic cycle(? ???)
  • - ??? ??? ??(Water Tower)? ?? ?? ???, ???
    ?? ?
  • ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??, ????, ?? ???? ????
  • ????, ??? ????? ?? ??(Positive pressure)
    ????
  • ??? ?? ??
  • - ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ???
  • ??? ??
  • - ?? ?? ????? ??? ? ??? ???
  • - ??? ?? ??? ??? ??
  • Site and Site Agriculture
  • - ?? ???? ??, ??? ?? ??
  • - Biofuel(??? ??)? ??? ?? ????
  • - ????(Bus)? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??
  • - ?? ???? ?? ???? ??

33
5. Beyond the Cutting Edge Sustainable
Geometries (???? ???- ????? ???? ??)
  • ???? ??? Kim Sorvig ?? ??
  • - Sustainable Landscape Construction,
    2000. ?? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??(Fractal
    Architecture)? ??? ???

34
6. Summary and Conclustions
  • ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ? ??? ??? ???
    ?? ????? ???
  • ? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???
  • 1) Vernacular vision(????? ??)
  • 2) Technological approach(??? ??)
  • 3) Biomimetic model(?? ????)
  • ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???
  • ???? ?? ????? ??? ? ?? ???? ??
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