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Stolypin and Reform

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Stolypin and Reform Who was Stolypin? What was his importance to the Russian Revolution? The Dumas Tsar Nicholas II had made it clear in the Fundamental Laws that the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Stolypin and Reform


1
Stolypin and Reform
  • Who was Stolypin?
  • What was his importance to the Russian Revolution?

2
The Dumas
  • Tsar Nicholas II had made it clear in the
    Fundamental Laws that the Duma was not intended
    to have any real power.
  • The first Duma tried to assert its right to
    power. Tsar Nicholas II surrounded the meeting
    place with troops and broke up the meeting. It
    lasted only 75 days.
  • The second Duma was even less popular with the
    Tsar. It contained Socialist Revolutionaries and
    Social Democrats, who aimed to overthrow the
    Tsar. It lasted three months.

3
The Dumas (cont)
  • The third Duma did much better than its
    predecessors.
  • However, Tsar Nicholas II had changed the voting
    laws to ensure revolutionaries could not be
    elected.
  • The third Duma was filled by politicians who
    behaved themselves and did what the Tsar wanted.

4
Peter Stolypin
  • In 1906, Tsar Nicholas II appointed a tough new
    Prime Minister to make sure there were no new
    outbreaks of revolution.
  • His name was Peter Stolypin.

5
Stolypins Government
  • Stolypin believed in strict government.
  • He targeted terrorists and in 1906 1008 were
    arrested. They were tried in special courts and
    then executed.
  • Many were hanged and this gave the gallows a new
    nickname Stolypins Necktie.
  • In the same year, 21000 people were exiled to
    Siberia.

6
Stolypins Government (cont)
  • Stolypin understood that he could not control
    Russia by brute force alone.
  • Stolypin helped the peasants to become owners of
    their own land, hoping this would prevent them
    from rebelling again.
  • Conditions in Russia improved. Industries grew,
    wages began to improve and there were
    improvements in harvests.

7
Stolypins Assassination
  • In 1911, one of Stolypins police agents who had
    been investigating terrorist groups, turned out
    to be a terrorist himself
  • He shot Stolypin and by doing so, left the Tsar
    and the Russian people exposed to the devastation
    of World War One.
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