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Sports Fitness

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Sports Fitness Injuries Session 13 Objectives The student will learn how to define, identify, and treat the basic sports injuries associated with wellness and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sports Fitness


1
Sports Fitness
Injuries
2
Session 13 Objectives
  • The student will learn how to define, identify,
    and treat the basic sports injuries associated
    with wellness and sporting activities.
  • SOLs 11/12.1, 11/12.2, 11/12.3, 11/12.4,
    11/12.5

3
Sprain
  • Injuries that affect ligaments, thick bands of
    cartilage that attach bone to bone.

4
Strains
  • Injuries that affect muscles or tendons, thick
    bands that attach muscles to bones.

5
Overuse Injury Examples
  • Shin splints refers to pain felt anywhere along
    the shinbone from knee to ankle. People who play
    sports that involve a lot of running are
    particularly prone to this injury. One of the
    most common reasons for this pain is overuse,
    such as trying to exercise beyond your current
    level of fitness.

6
Overuse Injury Examples
  • Blisters are very painful, puss-filled lesions
    that are most commonly caused due to friction and
    pressure
  • Ensure that shoes fit correctly.
  • Protect the potential 'hot spots' by applying a
    second skin and / or taping.
  • Keep feet as dry as possible. Wet shoes, boots
    and socks will cause blisters far quicker than
    dry ones.
  • Wherever possible change socks regularly and use
    foot powder to help keep them dry.

7
Tennis Elbow vs. Golf Elbow
  • Tendonitis is inflammation, or swelling, of a
    tendon.

8
Muscle Cramps
  • An involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscle
    that does not relax.
  • Cramps are extremely common. Almost 95 of people
    experiences a cramp at some time in their life.
  • Any of the muscles that are under our skeletal
    muscles can cramp.
  • Causes of cramps
  • Injury
  • Vigorous activity
  • Rest cramps
  • Dehydration
  • Body fluid shifts
  • Low blood calcium, magnesium

9
Side Stitch
  • That sharp, localized twinge of pain just below
    the rib cage that usually occurs on the the right
    lower abdomen.
  • It is particularly common in runners and
    swimmers.
  • Ligaments extend downward from your diaphragm to
    hold your liver in place. When you run, your
    liver drops at the exact time that your diaphragm
    goes up, stretching the ligaments and causing
    pain

10
R.I.C.E.
  • Rest Resting the injured part is important to
    promote effective healing.
  • Ice Cold provides short-term pain relief and
    also limits swelling by reducing blood flow to
    the injured area.
  • When icing injuries, never apply ice directly to
    the skin (unless it is moving as in ice massage)
    and never leave ice on an injury for more than 20
    minutes at a time.
  • Compression If you feel
  • throbbing, or if the wrap just feels
  • too tight, remove the bandage and
  • re-wrap the area so the bandage is
  • a little looser.
  • Elevation Elevating an injury help
  • control swelling. It's most effective
  • when the injured area is raised above
  • the level of the heart.
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