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The Sea Faring Phoenicians

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The Sea Faring Phoenicians Who Were The Phoenicians? Phoenicians were people from the area of Phoencia Phoenicia located in the Fertile Crescent Area is now known as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Sea Faring Phoenicians


1
The Sea Faring Phoenicians
2
Who Were The Phoenicians?
  • Phoenicians were people from the area of Phoencia
  • Phoenicia located in the Fertile Crescent
  • Area is now known as Lebanon
  • Located along the Mediterranean Sea near the
    Jordan R.
  • Very close to the area of Palestine
  • Never became a nation only rich city-states
  • Phoenicians best known for their sailing and
    shipbuilding skills

3
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4
Trading Posts of the Phoenicians
  • Phoenicians became famous for their sea trading
  • Barely traded on land at all
  • Created rich city-states along the coast
  • 3 main cities Tyre, Sidon and Byblos
  • Cities were located 30 mi away one days sailing
    trip
  • Would sail from city to city for trading purposes
  • Increases trade by rivers and seas by doing this
  • Traded many different products by sea
  • Wine, weapons, precious metals, ivory and slaves

5
Major Phoenician Achievements
  • Purple dye (murex)- used for clothing, very
    luxurious
  • Made from collecting snails and allowing them to
    die
  • Each snail 1-2 drops of purple dye
  • Ships and Sailing- incredible ship builders
  • The Alphabet created the Phoenician alphabet
  • Needed a way to record transactions
  • 1st alphabet to use symbols to represent sounds
  • Made it easier for people to learn languages
  • Greeks would later adopt alphabet and change it

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7
The Origins of Judaism The Hebrews
8
Who Were the Hebrews?
  • Hebrews- people that lived in the area of
    Palestine
  • Shared the area with the Phoenicians
  • The Hebrews lived in an area known as Canaan
  • Area was a crossroads of trade for the entire
    world
  • Canaan was believed to be promised to Jews by God

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10
Judaism 1st Monotheistic Religion
  • Monotheistic- belief in only one God
  • First time in history people believe in only one
    single God
  • Religion starts nearly 4000 years ago
  • The history we have comes from the Torah-
    religious book of Judaism
  • Told stories of history as well as laws of
    religion
  • Ten Commandments will also be used as laws of the
    religion

11
How Did It All Start?
  • Around 2000 BCE, God (known as Yahweh) chose
    Abraham to be the father of the Jews
  • Abraham lived in Ur, but left when he heard Gods
    voice and traveled to Canaan
  • Families traveled for years, to Canaan, Egypt and
    other locations
  • Trips were part of a covenant
  • Covenant- promise between God and followers
  • People promised to be faithful, God promised
    protection of his people

12
The Hebrews and Egypt
  • Hebrews migrate to Egypt due to drought
  • At first theyre honored, then theyre enslaved
  • Pharaoh becomes scared of the number of Jews in
    Egypt
  • Calls for the death of all male babies
  • One mother hid her child along the Nile
  • Baby was found by Egyptian princess and cared
    for raised in luxury
  • This baby was Moses

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14
Who Was Moses?
  • Moses would lead his people from captivity in
    Egypt
  • Known as the Exodus
  • Exodus takes Moses and Jews across the Red Sea to
    Mt. Sinai
  • Here Moses get 10 Commandments
  • Believed this created a new covenant

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17
What About After Moses?
  • Jews wander the desert for 40 years
  • Moses dies they return to Canaan
  • After retaking land they split it between 12
    judges to be ruled (like cities)
  • 1000 BC- Kingdom of Israel is formed
  • Philistines attacked lands, defeated all but
    Judahs land (where we get Judaism)
  • 3 Kings lead Jews against Philistines
  • Saul, David, and Solomon
  • King David will defeat Philistine Goliath

18
The Kingdom of Israel
  • Philistines are defeated, kings build a new
    empire
  • Jerusalem is built as the capital by David
  • Solomon beautifies Jerusalem with a temple (known
    as Solomon's Temple)
  • Assyrians would take over the area, but the Jews
    would still be there
  • Neo-Babylonians came in and destroyed everything,
    including Solomons Temple
  • Jews put into captivity- called the Exile

19
Solomons Temple Before After the Babylonians
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