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The Sea Faring Phoenicians


The Sea Faring Phoenicians Who Were The Phoenicians? Phoenicians were people from the area of Phoencia Phoenicia located in the Fertile Crescent Area is now known as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Sea Faring Phoenicians

The Sea Faring Phoenicians
Who Were The Phoenicians?
  • Phoenicians were people from the area of Phoencia
  • Phoenicia located in the Fertile Crescent
  • Area is now known as Lebanon
  • Located along the Mediterranean Sea near the
    Jordan R.
  • Very close to the area of Palestine
  • Never became a nation only rich city-states
  • Phoenicians best known for their sailing and
    shipbuilding skills

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Trading Posts of the Phoenicians
  • Phoenicians became famous for their sea trading
  • Barely traded on land at all
  • Created rich city-states along the coast
  • 3 main cities Tyre, Sidon and Byblos
  • Cities were located 30 mi away one days sailing
  • Would sail from city to city for trading purposes
  • Increases trade by rivers and seas by doing this
  • Traded many different products by sea
  • Wine, weapons, precious metals, ivory and slaves

Major Phoenician Achievements
  • Purple dye (murex)- used for clothing, very
  • Made from collecting snails and allowing them to
  • Each snail 1-2 drops of purple dye
  • Ships and Sailing- incredible ship builders
  • The Alphabet created the Phoenician alphabet
  • Needed a way to record transactions
  • 1st alphabet to use symbols to represent sounds
  • Made it easier for people to learn languages
  • Greeks would later adopt alphabet and change it

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The Origins of Judaism The Hebrews
Who Were the Hebrews?
  • Hebrews- people that lived in the area of
  • Shared the area with the Phoenicians
  • The Hebrews lived in an area known as Canaan
  • Area was a crossroads of trade for the entire
  • Canaan was believed to be promised to Jews by God

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Judaism 1st Monotheistic Religion
  • Monotheistic- belief in only one God
  • First time in history people believe in only one
    single God
  • Religion starts nearly 4000 years ago
  • The history we have comes from the Torah-
    religious book of Judaism
  • Told stories of history as well as laws of
  • Ten Commandments will also be used as laws of the

How Did It All Start?
  • Around 2000 BCE, God (known as Yahweh) chose
    Abraham to be the father of the Jews
  • Abraham lived in Ur, but left when he heard Gods
    voice and traveled to Canaan
  • Families traveled for years, to Canaan, Egypt and
    other locations
  • Trips were part of a covenant
  • Covenant- promise between God and followers
  • People promised to be faithful, God promised
    protection of his people

The Hebrews and Egypt
  • Hebrews migrate to Egypt due to drought
  • At first theyre honored, then theyre enslaved
  • Pharaoh becomes scared of the number of Jews in
  • Calls for the death of all male babies
  • One mother hid her child along the Nile
  • Baby was found by Egyptian princess and cared
    for raised in luxury
  • This baby was Moses

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Who Was Moses?
  • Moses would lead his people from captivity in
  • Known as the Exodus
  • Exodus takes Moses and Jews across the Red Sea to
    Mt. Sinai
  • Here Moses get 10 Commandments
  • Believed this created a new covenant

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What About After Moses?
  • Jews wander the desert for 40 years
  • Moses dies they return to Canaan
  • After retaking land they split it between 12
    judges to be ruled (like cities)
  • 1000 BC- Kingdom of Israel is formed
  • Philistines attacked lands, defeated all but
    Judahs land (where we get Judaism)
  • 3 Kings lead Jews against Philistines
  • Saul, David, and Solomon
  • King David will defeat Philistine Goliath

The Kingdom of Israel
  • Philistines are defeated, kings build a new
  • Jerusalem is built as the capital by David
  • Solomon beautifies Jerusalem with a temple (known
    as Solomon's Temple)
  • Assyrians would take over the area, but the Jews
    would still be there
  • Neo-Babylonians came in and destroyed everything,
    including Solomons Temple
  • Jews put into captivity- called the Exile

Solomons Temple Before After the Babylonians