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The End of Traditional Society

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The End of Traditional Society Europe in 1555 Medieval Religion (800 1300) The Christian Church was the center of everything. People lived according to their ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The End of Traditional Society


1
The End of Traditional Society
2
Europe in 1555
3
Medieval Religion (8001300)
  • The Christian Church was the center of
    everything. People lived according to their
    beliefs of the Church.
  • The Churchs head was the Pope.
  • In 800 AD, the Pope crowned a German King Holy
    Roman Emperor to protect the Church from outside
    religions.
  • His name was Charlemagne (742814) or Charles the
    Great.

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Medieval Religion (8001300)
  • Charlemagne believed his coronation meant that he
    would be equal to the Popes authority.
  • Thus, there would be two rulers that people could
    followa secular (of the state) or clerical (of
    the church).
  • This led to dozens of years of struggle between
    Pope and King as to whom had the ultimate
    authority to rule.

6
Medieval Society (8001300)
  • Early European society was centered around
    Feudalism, a system whereby peasants worked and
    lived on land owned by a Kings relative or
    friend (Lord). This landlord would give them
    protection.
  • This is an image of a Lord and a peasant

7
Medieval Society (8001300)
  • Feudalism lasted until cities began to grow.
  • Cities grew because peasants wanted to make
    choices in their lives (ex. To make !)
  • Until this point, peasants believed their lives
    were controlled by God.
  • Purgatory.

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Medieval Crises (13001400)
  • There were three Crises in the 14th and 15th
    Centuries
  • The division between Church and State, otherwise
    known as the Papal Schism
  • The 100 Years War between France and England
  • The Black Death or the Bubonic Plague

10
The Papal Schism
11
The Papal Schism
  • There has always been a struggle between King and
    the Pope.
  • The Pope did not want the clergy to be taxed.
  • As a result, in France, King Philip IV captured
    the Pope (Boniface VIII) and forced the Papacy to
    be controlled from Avignon.
  • Rome responded by electing a new Pope.
  • Result 2 Popes.
  • People gave up on salvation altogether.

12
The 100 Years War
13
The 100 Years War (13371450)
  • Fought between England and France.
  • All battles fought on French territory.
  • It was fought over land.
  • Both sides supported the Scorched Earth
    Policydestroy everything, leaving nothing for
    your enemy.
  • France lost most battles because of their
    Chivalric code, a code of behaviour for knights.
  • Result much of the land was destroyed, many
    cities devastated, lives were lost.

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The Black Death
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Spread of the Plague
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The Plague
  • Most people believed the Plague was caused by
    God.
  • 2530 of Europes population was destroyed by
    1350, never to fully recover until 1600.
  • People who survived the Plague were better off
    because there now was more money for them.
  • However, ones faith was put to be put to the
    extreme.

23
The Protestant Reformation
24
The Protestant Reformation
  • The Protestant Reformation was a movement in the
    early 1500s to break up the Christian world.
  • On October 31, 1517, a preacher named Martin
    Luther was fed up with the Catholic Church
    selling indulgences, or to purchase your freedom
    to Heaven.
  • Luther posted 95 Thesis, or things for debate
    on his Church door against the teachings of the
    Papacy.
  • This became a popular movement.
  • Monarchs supported him, particularly Englands
    King Henry VIII.

25
King Henry VIII
26
King Henry VIII
  • Henry had 6 wives.
  • He could only produce one male heir to the
    throne.
  • Because such, he wanted a divorce but the
    Catholic Church would not grant him one.
  • He had most of his wives executed.
  • Because of the Protestant Reformation on
    continental Europe, Henry started his own Church
    the Church of England.

27
and traditional society continued to crumble.
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