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James Clerk Maxwell 1831

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James Clerk Maxwell 1831 1879 BSHM Gresham Lecture 31st October 2012 Raymond Flood Gresham Professor of Geometry Einstein on Maxwell Since Maxwell s time ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: James Clerk Maxwell 1831


1
James Clerk Maxwell 1831 1879 BSHM Gresham
Lecture 31st October 2012
  • Raymond Flood
  • Gresham Professor of Geometry

2
Key dates in the life of James Clerk Maxwell
DATE EVENT
1831 Born at 14 India Street, Edinburgh and grew up at Glenlair
1841 - 1847 Edinburgh Academy
1847 - 1850 Edinburgh University
1850 1856 Cambridge University
1856 - 1860 Marischal College, Aberdeen
1860 - 1865 Kings College, London
1865 - 1871 Glenlair
1871 1879 Cambridge University
3
James with his mother, Frances, in about 1834
James father, John, in about 1850
4
Edinburgh Academy, 1840
5
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6
Edinburgh University Library
7
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8
Stokes theorem Question 8 in the 1854 Smiths
prize examination paper in which Maxwell shared
first prize with E.J. Routh
9
Marischal College, Aberdeen.
10
Maxwell, Katherine and Toby in 1869
11
Inaugural lecture, Kings College 1860
  • In this class I hope you will learn not merely
    results, or formulae applicable to cases that may
    possibly occur in our practice afterwards, but
    the principles on which those formulae depend,
    and without which the formulae are mere mental
    rubbish. I know the tendency of the human mind is
    to do anything rather than think. But mental
    labour is not thought, and those who have with
    labour acquired the habit of application, often
    find it much easier to get up a formula than to
    master a principle

12
Glenlair, family home of the Maxwells in about
1884
13
Newtons memorial in Westminster Abbey
James Clerk Maxwell buried with his parents and
wife in Parton Churchyard near Glenlair
14
There is scarcely a single topic that he touched
upon that he did not change almost beyond
recognition Charles Coulson
  • Saturns rings
  • Colour vision
  • Kinetic Theory
  • Electromagnetism

15
Saturns rings
16
Saturns rings
17
Saturns rings
18
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19
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20
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21
Colour Vision
22
Colour Vision
23
On the theory of compound colours in 1860
24
Tartan Ribbon
25
Kinetic Theory of Gases
Rudolf Clausius 1822 - 1888
26
  • If you go at 17 miles per minute and take a
    totally new course 1,700,000,000 times a
    second, where will you be in an hour
  • Letter from Maxwell to Tait

27
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28
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29
Ludwig Boltzmann 1844 - 1906
30
Oersteds experiment
Electromagnetism
Michael Faraday 1791 - 1867
31
Faraday delivering a Christmas Lecture at the
Royal institution in 1856
Iron filings scattered on paper over a magnet
show the lines of force
32
Model of molecular vortices and electric particles
33
  • we can scarcely avoid the inference that light
    consists in the transverse undulations of the
    same medium which is the cause of electric and
    magnetic phenomena

34
Einstein on Maxwell
  • Since Maxwells time, physical reality has been
    thought of as represented by continuous fields,
    and not capable of any mechanical interpretation.
    This change in the conception of reality is the
    most profound and the most fruitful that physics
    has experienced since the time of Newton

35
Maxwells sense of fun is shown in this poem to
Thomsons galvanometer (an instrument for
measuring current)
36
Lectures At the Museum of London
  • Ghosts of Departed Quantities Calculus and its
    Limits
  • Tuesday 25 September 2012
  • Polynomials and their Roots
  • Tuesday 6 November 2012
  • From One to Many Geometries
  • Tuesday 11 December 2012
  • The Queen of Mathematics
  • Tuesday 22 January 2013
  • Are Averages Typical?
  • Tuesday 19 February 2013
  • Modelling the World
  • Tuesday 19 March 2013
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