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Juvenile Offenders

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Juvenile Offenders – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Juvenile Offenders


1
Juvenile Offenders
2
Purpose
  • What is the purpose of the JO system?

3
Differences Between the Adult and Juvenile Systems
  • What are the most significant differences between
    the juvenile and adult CJ systems?

4
Why IS This?
  • Belief that immaturity diminishes responsibility
  • Punishment Unjustified
  • Belief that young offenders are more amenable to
    TX

5
Why IS This?
  • Belief that immaturity diminishes responsibility
  • Punishment Unjustified
  • Stabbing, 17X, Bent Knife, You ell me..
  • Belief that young offenders are more amenable to
    TX

6
CBC Use
7
CBC Use
  • The Juvenile Justice System uses CBC programs
    more than the adult system.

8
Why IS That
  • Unlike the adult system,

9
Similarity To Adult System
  • Similar to the adult system,

10
Juvenile Probation
  • Informal Probation
  • Probation (AKA Formal Probation)

11
Serious Crime
  • Unfortunately, a small number of JOs commit the
    majority of serious juvenile crime.

12
JO Violence
  • Why is JO violence increasing when crime as a
    whole is declining?

13
Does Crime Pay?
  • It is not unusual for a smart, enterprising high
    school dropout to make 2,000 per week.
  • When really smart, the car, home and other assets
    are in their significant others name.

14
Most Common Jo Crime
  • What are the most common JO crimes?

15
JO Crime Generally
  • JOs Commit
  • 29 fo Serious Crime
  • 33 of Property Crime
  • 18 of Violent Crime

16
JOs and Drug TX
  • Different from the adult system, JOs have the
    requirement for academic education.

17
Restitution and Community Service
  • Restorative Justice
  • Makes JO Feel Part of the Community
  • Develops a Sense of Accomplishment
  • Provides a Sense of Closure
  • Develops a Sense of Responsibility

18
Restitution Problem
  • Most JOs are unemployed.

19
Employment Impact On Crime
  • Does JO employment impact crime?

20
Urban Delinquency And SA
  • Males enter serious delinquency patterns from 3
    behavioral pathways.

21
Urban Delinquency And SA
  • Males enter serious delinquency patterns from 3
    behavioral pathways.
  • 1. Early Authority Conflict Prior to Age 12

22
Urban Delinquency And SA
  • Males enter serious delinquency patterns from 3
    behavioral pathways.
  • 2. Covert Pathway

23
Urban Delinquency And SA
  • Males enter serious delinquency patterns from 3
    behavioral pathways.
  • 3. Overt Pathway

24
Predicting Delinquency
  • Can we gauge the likelihood of a JO engaging in
    serious delinquency?

25
High Correlates To JO Crime
26
Juvenile Court
  • Juvenile cases are most often dealt with in
    Juvenile Court.
  • Some cases, based on the seriousness of the
    offense, are referred directly to Circuit Court
    regardless of the JOs age.

27
VA Court System Overview
  • General District Court
  • Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court
  • Circuit Court
  • Court of Appeals
  • Virginia Supreme Court

28
VA Court System Overview
  • General District Court

29
VA Court System Overview
  • Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court

30
VA Court System Overview
  • Circuit Court

31
VA Court System Overview
  • Court of Appeals

32
VA Court System Overview
  • Supreme Court of Virginia

33
JO Processing
  • Intake
  • Detention
  • Adjudication
  • Disposition

34
JO Processing
  • Intake (Initial Screening)

35
JO Processing
  • Detention

36
JO Processing
  • Adjudication

37
JO Processing
  • Disposition

38
Community Alternatives to Detention
  • Home Detention
  • Similar to Pre-Trial Release
  • Temporary Shelters
  • Foster Care, Group Homes

39
School Related Problems
  • Alternative Schools
  • Special Ed., Counseling
  • Traditional Schools
  • Reduced Teaching Load, Probation-Like Supervision

40
Unique Programs
  • Wilderness Programs
  • Opportunity for Success
  • Pride
  • Cooperation
  • Self-Worth,
  • Learn to Trust Others

41
Administration
  • Can Be Local Or State Run
  • Can Have Separate Intake and Supervision Duties

42
Caseloads
  • What is the average juvenile system PO caseload?

43
Aftercare
  • JO Aftercare (AKA Juvenile Parole)

44
Re-Entry Programs
  • Re-entry programs are needed.
  • JOs have many of the same problems as adults.
  • Problems are compounded by adolescence.

45
Juvenile Court Debate
  • Should Juvenile Courts be restructured?
  • Critics
  • Should Only Deal With Criminal Cases
  • Impose Longer Sentences on Serious Offenders
  • Supporters
  • Say Age Minimizes Culpability
  • Say JOs Are More Amenable to TX

46
Effectiveness
  • Does Juvenile probation work?

47
Criticisms
  • Criticisms of the Juvenile Court System
  • CBCs too often supplement rather than replace
    confinement (Net Widening).
  • Functions to control rather than to
    therapeutically aid.

48
Future Trends
  • Future Trends in Juvenile CBC
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