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Museum Entrance

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Christy G. Keeler Last modified by: julian knight Created Date: 9/24/2008 10:06:37 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Museum Entrance


1
Museum Entrance
Welcome to the hall of 1965-1980
1969-1971
1972-1975
1980
1965-1968
1976-1979
Curators Offices
2
Curators Office
Doctor Professor Julian Knight
I am the curator of the oh so wonderful and
magical hall of 1965-1980. I am also a
doctor/professor at University of Very Sick
Clowns or UVSC for short. I graduated from UVSC
in 2012 and now teach a class on the events of
the cold war in the years 1965-1980.
Place your picture here.
Contact me at 7thperiodworldhistorygroup1_at_gmail.c
om
Return to Entry
Note Virtual museums were first introduced by
educators at Keith Valley Middle School in
Horsham, Pennsylvania. This template was designed
by Dr. Christy Keeler. View the Educational
Virtual Museums website for more information on
this instructional technique.
3
Room 1
1965-1968
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4
Room 2
1969-1971
Return to Entry
5
Room 3
1972-1975
Return to Entry
6
Room 4
1976-1979
\
Return to Entry
7
Room 5
1980
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8
How did they build it?
In 1965 a new construction type was put into
place, this was called the third, it consisted of
concrete slabs laid between H-shaped steel
concrete supports. A round, 0,40 meter large
concrete tube capped the wall making it more
difficult to climb over. http//www.coldwar.or
g/articles/60s/index.asp
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall
Return to Exhibit
9
The Czechoslovakian Uprising
In 1968, with their political, economic and
social problems reaching critical mass, the
communist party of Czechoslovakia replaced
Novotny as Party Leader with Alexander Dubcek.
Dubcek pushed practical reforms across the board,
not only for Czechoslovakia but for the Warsaw
Pact (the Soviet answer to NATO) as well.
http//www.coldwar.org/articles/60s/Czechoslova
kiaUprising.asp
https//sites.google.com/a/ncps-k12.org/goldhawk-c
oldwar/home/1960s/prague/dubcek
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10
The six day war
In 1967, tensions between Israel and Egypt,
Jordan, and Syria escalated to a war in the
Middle East. Ever since it had become a country
in 1948, Israels Palestinian neighbors were
hostile because Israel was located in the area
that they had previously established as their
homeland. Palestinian troops were seen attacking
Israeli civilians as well as their farmland and
then escaping back to their borders. Israel
responded with counter-attacks such as the Syrian
fighter planes shot down in April 1967 in
retaliation to them shelling Israeli villages.
Supplying these Middle Eastern countries with
weapons, the United States allied with Israel
while the Soviet Union sided with the Arab
Nations. This long term rival over land control
would soon turn revenge into war. Mitchell G.
Bard, The Complete Idiots Guide to Middle East
Conflict. 3rd Edition. NY Alpha Books, 2005. 2.
Six Day War. Zionism Israel Encyclopedic
Dictionary. 4 Jun 2008 .
http//www.glogster.com/sbrady0818/six-day-war/g-6
mfgd850eiea59uqsl7bna0
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11
Siege of the Khe Sanh
In the early hours of January 21, 1968 the siege
of Khe Sanh, the longest single battle of the
Vietnam War, began as North Vietnamese Army
forces embodied the building tension with a
bombardment of bullets, mortars, and missiles
that would kill eighteen Marines instantly,
injure forty more, and destroy the majority of
ammunition and fuel supplies within the first two
days of the encounter. President Lyndon Johnson
and United States officials had previously and
controversially decided to defend rather than
abandon the highly isolated outpost, but
continuous attacks and the Tet Offensive from
January 30 to January 31, 1968 strained the
attempt at defense. Within two months over
thirteen-hundred rounds of artillery had been
fired upon the desperate Marine base and its
surrounding outposts or hills, and bunkers were
rebuilt to withstand an additional twenty-two
millimeter of rounds more than the standard
sixty-millimeter guarantee. Brush, Peter.
Recounting the Casualties at Khe Sanh. 2006. 20
May 2008 .
http//www.erichammelbooks.com/books/b_khe-sanh.ph
p
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12
The space race
USSR lead in space exploration with the first
person in space, cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin who
orbited earth in Vostok 1, April 12, 1961. Less
than a month later Allan Shepard became the first
American in space. That same month, President
Kennedy created the Apollo program designed to
land a person on the moon before the decade is
out. on june 20 1969 the first American walked
on the moon thus ending the space
race http//www.coldwar.org/articles/60s/space_ra
ce.asp
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program
Return to Exhibit
13
SALT 1 and 2
During the Cold War, a series of treaties was
issued under the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
to stop the build up of nuclear weapons. The
negotiations lasted until January of 1972, and by
May 26 of that same year the treaty was
finalized. The two treaties signed that day were
the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty, or ABM, and
the Interim Agreement on the Limitation of
Strategic Offensive Arms. "Strategic Arms
Limitation Talks (SALT) -- Britannica Online
Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online
Encyclopedia. 2010. Web. 28 May 2010.
lthttp//www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/568184/
Strategic-Arms-Limitation-Talksgt.
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_Arms_Limita
tion_Talks
Return to Exhibit
14
The Tet offensive
On January 21, 1969, the North Vietnamese
coordinated with the Viet Cong to plan a surprise
attack on the South Vietnamese and the U.S.
troops. This was the first of two major surprise
attacks. On January 21, the North Vietnamese and
the Viet Cong bombed a few important American
bases in South Vietnam. This was a total shock to
America and was a major blow to its confidence.
The North Vietnamese destroyed much of the
American artillery and supplies. Woods, Alan.
The Tet Offensive the turning point in the
Vietnam War Part One. The Defense of Maxism.
01 January 2008. 21 May 2008 .
http//olive-drab.com/od_history_vietnam_tet.php
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15
Woodstock
Throughout the 1960s, music served as an
integral part of the counterculture movement.
Seen as a way to both embrace an alternative
lifestyle and protest against war and oppression,
hippies organized outdoor music festivals across
the United States. The most famous of all the
counterculture concerts, Woodstock, took place
from August 15-17, 1969. Originally hoping for
attendance of 50,000, the promoters of the event,
who chose a thousand-acre farm in upstate New
York as the site for The Woodstock Music and Art
Fair An Aquarian Exposition, seemed as shocked
as everyone else when over 500,000 arrived for
the three-day affair. Morgan, Edward P. The
Sixties Experience Hard Lessons about Modern
America. Philadelphia Temple University Press,
1991
http//www.woodstockproject.com/
Return to Exhibit
16
Operation babylift
By early spring of 1975, the Vietcong had begun
to execute a brilliant military campaign design
to bring their southern foes to their knees. They
captured South Vietnams second largest city Da
Nang on March 30, 1975 and by mid-April the
capital Saigon was under attack from all three
sides. The impending doom of the country was
quite clear and waves of citizens were
desperately fleeing the country. On April 3
President Gerald Ford announced in a mission
deemed Operation Babylift, the U.S. military
would fly 70,000 orphans out of Vietnam. Thirty
flights were planned to execute this operation.
Service organizations such as Holt International
Adoption Agency, Friends of Children of Viet Nam
(FCVN), Friends For All Children (FFAC), Catholic
Relief Service, International Social Services,
International Orphans, and the Pearl S. Buck
Foundation helped in coordinating these flights
and provided chaperons were the
children. Martin, Allison. Stories and Articles
about Operation Babylift. Operation Babylift.
Adopt Vietnam. 4 Jun 2008, http//www.adoptvietnam
.org/adoption/babylift-index.htmgt
http//photosofwar.net/operation-babylift-mass-eva
cuation-of-orphans-from-south-vietnam-1975/
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17
Coup d'état in Chile
Chile was known for its stability in Latin
America compared to its neighbors until the
1960s. By then the Cold War began to affect the
mountainous nation, and Chile became a part of
the Alliance for Progress. The alliance was meant
as a way to keep socialistic revolutions from
taking hold in Latin America. In 1970, the
Socialist Party won the presidency with Salvador
Allende Gossens. Allende had promised a republic
to the people of Chile and said he would provide
reforms that would make the working class more
equal. By 1973, the Chilean Congress and
Judiciary stood against Allende. They claimed
that his government went against the Chilean
constitution. The military then stormed his
palace and Allende died while armed. Although the
U.S. appeared to have no involvement in the coup,
many historians and analysts have claimed that
Kissinger played a part in the death of Gen. Rene
Schneider, since the general was against a
military overthrow of Allende. Henry Kissinger,
US Involved in 1970 Chilean Plot. Global Policy
Forum. September 9, 2001. Global Policy Forum. 3
Jun 2008 , http//www.globalpolicy.org/intljustice
/general/2001/0909cbskiss.htmgt.
http//photosofwar.net/chilean-government-palace-b
eing-attacked-by-pinochets-coup-detat-11th-septemb
er-1973/
Return to Exhibit
18
The fall of Saigon
The physical and mental weakness of the South
Vietnamese troops proved to be a deadly
combination that the North took full advantage
of. On March 18th Kontum and Pleiku fell. Then on
March 24th Hue city fell in one day. March 29th
communists entered the Da Nang region. Qui Nhon
fell on March 31st and then on April 3rd Nha
Trang fell in 3 hours and that same day Cam Ranh
Bay fell in 30 minutes. The rapidness of the
conquer surprised even the North Vietnamese who
developed the motto Lightning speed, daring, and
more daring and made their new goal to take over
the entire south by May 19th, a goal they reached
with 20 days to spare. On April 30, 1975, a North
Vietnamese tank broke through the walls of the
Souths presidential palace. The troops cornered
South Vietnams last president Duong Van Minh and
when he told his captives that he wanted to
surrender, they informed him that he no longer
had anything left to surrender. Hickman,
Kennedy. Vietnam War End of Conflict. Military
History. About.com. 8 May 2008,
http//militaryhistory.about.com/od/vietnamwar/a/v
ietnamEnd.htmgt.
http//carryingthegun.com/2012/04/28/someday-this-
wars-going-to-end/
Return to Exhibit
19
The Khmer Rouge
In 1975 the Khmer Rouge won the civil war and
gained power in Cambodia. The organization was
headed by a man name Pol Pot. Pol Pot was
educated in France and deeply admired Chinese
communism. He and his party believed that all
intellectuals and anything that could threaten
communism needed to be abolished. The first part
of the Cambodian genocide began with the Exodus.
Everyone was forced to leave the cities,
including the sick, elderly, and children. People
who were too slow or refused to leave were killed
on the spot. Pol Pots plan was to make Cambodia
into an organization of farms, with the citizens
as the laborers. The countrys name was changed
to Kampuchea and all civil rights and liberties
were immediately taken away. "Pol Pot in
Cambodia 1975-1979 2,000,000 deaths." The History
Place-Genocide in the 20th century. The History
Place, 1999. Web. 14 May 2010.
lthttp//www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide
/pol-pot.htmgt.
http//www.thenervousbreakdown.com/drhaney/2013/02
/nowhere_men/captive-of-the-khmer-rouge/
Return to Exhibit
20
Somalia, Ethiopia, and Ogden war
In a blink of an eye, everything can change. It
happened when Mengistu Haile Mariam was appointed
to chairman of the military and head of state of
Ethiopia on February 11, 1977. Throughout the
rest of Mariams first year of reign, Ethiopia
tried to suppress its opponents and enemies.
Maxamed Siyaad Barre, president of Somalia,
realized that Ethiopia was having major
opposition against its own military and
government, causing a lot of confusion and
warfare. Barre used this opportunity to attack
Ethiopia. His army consisted of 50,000 soldiers
(15,000 from the Western Somalia Liberation
Front, and 35,000 regular Somalians). These
soldiers started to go into the Ogaden, the
eastern territory of Ethiopia, in May through
June of 1977. They weeded their way into
Ethiopian day-to-day life, having a huge effect
on what they did. In July of 1977, treacherous
warfare broke out. Barre had over twice as many
fighting men and women as Mariam. The resulted
was obvious after two long months of fighting,
Barre controlled ninety percent of the
Ogaden. "Eastern Africa, history of."
Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia
Britannica Online School Edition. 2 June 2008,
http//school.eb.com/eb/article-37519gt.
http//www.historycentral.com/Africa/SomEthiWar.ht
ml
Return to Exhibit
21
Iran hostage crisis
On November 4, 1979, five hundred Muslim
students seized the United States Embassy in
Iran. Of these ninety people in the embassy,
sixty-six hostages were taken. Out of the
original sixty-six hostages, fourteen were
released early, and fifty-two were kept. Iran
hostage crisis. American Government. 2008.
ABC-CLIO. 29 Apr. 2008
http//www.historyguy.com/iran-us_hostage_crisis.h
tml.U1YH7PldV8E
Return to Exhibit
22
Afghan war
In the history of Afghanistan, the internal
conflict between anti-Communist Muslim guerrillas
and the Afghan communist government (aided from
1979 to 1989 by Soviet troops). The roots of the
war lay in the overthrow of the centrist
Afghanistan government in April 1978 by left-wing
military officers, who then handed power over to
two Marxist-Leninist political parties, the Khalq
(Masses) and Parcham (Flag), who together had
formed the Peoples Democratic Party of
Afghanistan. Having little popular support, the
new government forged close ties with the Soviet
Union, launched ruthless purges of all domestic
opposition, and began extensive land and social
reforms that were bitterly resented by the
devoutly Muslim and largely anti-Communist
population. http//www.coldwar.org/articles/70s/a
fghan_war.asp
http//airwar.xairforces.net/cold_war_1980-1984.as
p?haber_id134
Return to Exhibit
23
The Neutron Bomb
The neutron bomb, or "enhanced radiation warhead"
as it is called in scientific circles, is
basically a hydrogen bomb without the uranium-238
jacket which would absorb neutrons to increase
the blast. By eliminating that jacket the full
fusion emission of neutrons is released. A
one-kiloton neutron bomb will spread a lethal
dose of neutron radiation to exposed people over
a one-mile radius. http//www.cato.org/pubs/pas/p
a015.html
http//www.chinesedefence.com/forums/chinese-strat
egic-forces/419-chinas-nuclear-strike-force-7.html
Return to Exhibit
24
1980 Olympic games
The 1980 Olympic Games were most notable for the
largest boycott of an Olympics in
history. Following the Soviet invasion of
Afghanistan in December 1979, the United States
and 61 other countries decided to boycott the
Olympics (France, Italy, and Sweden did not join
the boycott).The British Government boycotted the
games, however, the athletes went against the
wishes of the then Thatcher government and went
in their own right without government
blessing. http//www.coldwar.org/articles/80s/oly
mpic_games.asp
http//www.currybet.net/cbet_blog/2008/08/a-brief-
history-of-olympic-dis-8.php
Return to Exhibit
25
Ronald Regan
Ronald Wilson Reagan was elected the 40th
president of the United States on Nov. 4, 1980,
and was inaugurated on Jan. 20, 1981. At the age
of 69, he was the oldest man and the first movie
actor ever sworn into that office. During his two
terms in office the popular president helped
raise the nations spirits. He also oversaw the
creation of large budget and trade deficits and
ultimately effected a historic truce in the cold
war with the Soviet Union. http//www.coldwar.org
/articles/80s/ronald_reagan.asp
http//www.salon.com/2014/01/11/the_racism_at_the_
heart_of_the_reagan_presidency/
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26
Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter served as President from January 20,
1977 to January 20, 1981. Noteworthy foreign
policy accomplishments of his administration,
including the Panama Canal treaties, the Camp
David Accords, the treaty of peace between Egypt
and Israel, the SALT II treaty with the Soviet
Union, and the establishment of U.S. diplomatic
relations with the Peoples Republic of China. He
championed human rights throughout the
world. http//www.coldwar.org/articles/70s/jimmy_
carter.asp
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Carter
Return to Exhibit
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