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SPC 1315 / 1321

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SPC 1315 / 1321 Dr. Tony DeMars – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SPC 1315 / 1321


1
SPC 1315 / 1321
  • Dr. Tony DeMars

2
Planned Schedule
  • Today Chaps 1-3, impromptu
  • Wednesday Chaps. 4-8, motivational
  • Outline note card emailed by Tue. 10pm
  • Hard copy start of class Wednesday
  • Wednesday Minor Speech 1
  • Friday Test 1
  • Informative Persuasive Speeches
  • Interview Project

3
Planned Schedule
  • Interview Project
  • Select a job ad
  • Create or fine tune a résumé
  • Schedule an information gathering visit and
    otherwise gather research
  • Schedule an interview
  • Post interview process and report

4
Planned Schedule
  • Informative Persuasive topics
  • Parts of proper speech development
  • Research development -- your own work
  • Submission of rough draft then final materials
  • Creation of presentation aids
  • Practice sessions and evaluation
  • Presentation of speech

5
Giving a Speech
  • Research not just Internet, citing sources,
    learning and sharing information
  • Outlines and notes --- first drafts, final
    drafts, note card
  • Speech organization
  • Delivery
  • gestures, movement, eye contact, speech patterns,
    appearance
  • Evaluating the audience
  • PowerPoint? This use, vs. a speech

6
Questions?
7
Syllabus -- other notes
  • Rough draft / final draft materials
  • Research and full sentence outlines
  • APA style for citing sources
  • Final draft outline required for speech
  • Grades posted on Engrade

8
Getting Started
  • Fear of Public Speaking
  • Rather have a root canal
  • Feared more than death
  • Benefit of good communication skills
  • Ability to be more involved in groups
  • Better chances in getting a job
  • Better ability to organize and present ideas
  • How to improve?
  • Understanding and practice

9
Some things related to Chap. 1
  • Course outline has sample questions related to a
    broader area of each chapter than we cover in
    class
  • http//www.tonydemars.com
  • http//faculty.tamuc.edu/ tdemars
  • In each case, click on SPC Class, then also see
    links on course outline

10
Communication Process
  • Similar to what is in Chapter 1
  • Sender / encoding (meaning) / channel / noise /
    decoding / feedback

11
Models and theories
  • Why study a model?
  • What does it tell us?
  • How does it guide us?
  • Can it be false or imcomplete?
  • Can it change over time?

12
Public Speaking
  • Giving a Speech
  • Occasions Business presentation, graduation
    speaker, after-dinner, eulogy
  • (impromptu difference)
  • Capital S Speech podium, stage, large audience
  • Note podium vs. lectern
  • Note accent vs. dialect
  • Public Speaking an event when a group of people
    agree that one person, the speaker, will direct
    the event.

13
Scholarly interpretation (theory)
  • Scholars of preliterate societies remind us that
    speech is the most fundamental tool of social
    organization. 
  • Walter Ong special feature of oral cultures
    when the spoken word was the only form of
    preserving culture, speech had to be memorable.
  • Marshall MacLuhan and other media scholars coined
    the term secondary orality to describe the
    rekindling of a preference for intense, visceral,
    immediate kinds of communication.

14
Aristotle
  • Three genres of speaking
  • Forensic (like a courtroom)
  • Deliberative (legislature)
  • Epideictic / ceremonial (praise / blame)
  • Three categories of persuasive appeals
  • Logos -- most fundamental logic and intellectual
    substance
  • Pathos -- motivational appeals
  • Ethos -- credibility of the speaker
  • Aristotle said a speakers character is the most
    important means of persuasion he possesses.

15
Public Speaking is Meaning Centered
  • Many other factors and intellectual evaluations,
    but ultimately...
  • Meaning Centered
  • Meaning is social
  • Meaning is contextual
  • Meaning is negotiated in discouse (hegemony)
  • Johari Window / similar to books four stages of
    learning skills

16
Three Communication Resources
  • Draw on your conversation skills
  • Relaxed, spontaneous, responsive to the
    situation, expression of feelings, compassion to
    others
  • Draw on your writing skills
  • Brainstorming, tinkering with ideas, attention to
    word choices and organization
  • Draw on your performance skills
  • Timing, emotional build-up, eye contact

17
Common Misconceptions
  • Good speakers are born, not made
  • Good speaking should be easy right away
  • Speaking will always be as difficult as it is
    when youre first learning it
  • There are simple formulas for public speaking
  • Public speaking is mostly about performance

18
Public Speaking
  • Five Steps
  • Plan, Investigate, Compose, Practice, Present
  • Most time? Investigate / compose / practice
  • Speech nervousness? Incomplete preparation
  • Types of delivery Impromptu, Memorized,
    Extemporaneous
  • We are doing extemporaneous (that uses a full
    sentence outline and note card)
  • Types of content lectures, informative
    speeches, persuasive speeches, ceremonial
    speeches, motivational speeches...
  • Our main speeches Informative and Persuasive

19
Break! 10 minutes
20
Other planning...
  • Impromptus (today and...)
  • Speeches 1 2
  • Motivational special occasion
  • The person I admire the most
  • Research
  • Intro / 3 main points / conclusion
  • Outline / note card
  • 3 minute speech on Wednesday
  • Outline and note card in advance
  • Practice delivery!

21
Chap. 2 -- Listening
22
Communication Model
  • Sender / channel / noise / receiver / feedback
  • We spend much more time listening than speaking
  • Doing it a lot does not equate to doing it well
  • Training ourselves to be good listeners helps us
    be better speakers

23
Preparing to Listen
  • Remove distractions (physical / mental)
  • Stop Talking
  • Decide on your purpose as a listener
  • Be both curious and critical
  • Show respect for the speaker
  • Be open to the speakers point of view

24
Improving Listening
  • Follow the structure of the speech
  • Speaker should have a good structure
  • Assess speakers claims, ask questions at
    designated time
  • Provide constructive feedback
  • Start with the positive
  • Make important comments first
  • Be descriptive
  • Offer suggestions, not orders

25
Improving Listening
  • Listen to optimize learning
  • Paraphrase
  • Ask follow-up questions
  • TAKE NOTES!
  • Listen holistically
  • Listen at multiple levels
  • Listen between the lines
  • Listen to silences

26
Listening pitfalls
  • Daydreaming, doodling (surfing)
  • Superficial qualities of speaker as distraction
  • Uncritically accepting a message
  • Prematurely or totally rejecting a message
  • Planning your response or rebuttal instead of
    listening
  • Dominating the feedback time, or withdrawn from
    the process

27
Speech critiques
  • Guide you toward following these listening issues
  • Part of your grade
  • Require relevant comments
  • NOTE -- the links for your speech evaluation page
    and the speech critique pages are NOT the same

28
Questions / Discussion
  • Why is listening important to public speaking?
  • What advice would you give a friend required to
    give feedback to coworkers?
  • What listening pitfalls do you find most
    challenging?
  • Does multitasking interfere with the
    communication process?

29
Chap. 3 -- Ethics
  • Two categories of ethical theories
  • Deontological duty based
  • Teleological consequence-based
  • Deontological Judeo-Christian (the right)
  • Teleological Utilitarian (the good)
  • Every action has an ethical dimension.
  • Ethical decisions are rarely clear-cut.
  • Ethical decisions vary with context.

30
Ethics in speaking
  • Never plagiarize
  • Never fabricate / lie
  • Videotaped / checked with turnitin.com
  • Sources checked
  • Dont oversimplify
  • Dont use propaganda
  • Name-calling, glittering generalities,
    testimonials, just plain folks, card stacking,
    bandwagon, trasference (read more about these)
  • Be sensitive to your audience
  • Content and ideas

31
Legal issues vs. ethics
  • Libelous comments
  • Privacy laws
  • Encitement
  • Hate Speech
  • First Amendment protections
  • Law allows much more than ethics, in the U.S.

32
Speech samples as time permits
  • Motivational or persuasive?
  • Ethics? Propaganda?
  • Informative --or persuasive? Cloning
  • Evidence? Transitions? Delivery? God
    intended? Dinosaurs and Terrorists? Citations?
  • Persuasive ? -- or motivational? Correction of
    errors? Clear overview? Enough evidence?
    (answers.com as a source?) His verbal filling
    in of silence? His attention getting technique?
    His are you ready? Pounding the lectern a
    problem?
  • Bad Informative Speech

33
Reminders
  • Course Outline and Syllabus on web site
  • Grades on Engrade -- estimates of average
  • E-mail only Tony.DeMars_at_tamuc.edu
  • Speech content ONLY to demarsmedia_at_gmail.com
    (except ... Visual PP)
  • Tests not returned -- come see
  • Speech preparations and practice
  • Reading vs. class notes
  • Next -- overcoming fear, speech planning

34
Questions?
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