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JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU ( June 28, 1712 July 2, 1778 ) Genevan Philosopher, writer and composer of 18th century On Education Emile - Rousseau s novel that ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: JEAN

JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU( June 28, 1712 July 2,
1778 )
  • Genevan Philosopher, writer and composer of 18th

On Education
  • Emile
  • - Rousseaus novel that details his philosophy
    of education.
  • Rousseaus philosophy of education is not
    concerned with particular techniques of imparting
    information and concepts.

  • Guided by learning experiences or the
    disciplinary method of natural consequences.
  • Rousseau was one of the 1st to advocate
    developmentally appropriate education.

He divides childhood into stages
  • 1st stage age of about 12
  • - when children are guided by their emotions
    and impulses.
  • 2nd stage from 12 16 years old
  • - reason starts to develop.
  • 3rd stage from 16 onwards
  • - when the child develops into an adult and
    ready to have a companion of the opposite sex.

2 Fallacies of Romantic view of Human Nature
  • Doctrine of developmentalism/natural tempo
  • Holistic learning

Rousseaus Theology and Education
  • Against the biblical view that humanity is fallen
    and needs a redeemer.
  • Argues that a proper education is mans only hope
    for knowing what limited truth is available.
  • Rousseau asserts that education begins at birth.
  • Children should never be forced to memorize

Rousseaus Aims of Education
  • Attainment of fullest natural growth leading to
    balanced, harmonious and useful life.
  • Methods of Teaching
  • Do not teach books.
  • Role of the Teacher
  • The highest function of the teachers consists not
    so much in imparting knowledge but on stimulating
    the pupils in their love and pursuit.

Critical Analysis of Rousseaus views on
  • Not suggested a formal system of education.
  • Rousseaus Contribution to Education
  • - stands for modern education
  • - emphasizing individual differences
  • - child is the hero and all others have
    subordinate roles
  • - emphasized the training of senses
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