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Northern Renaissance

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Northern Renaissance Theme: Intellectual/ Cultural Essential question What are the similarities and differences between the Northern Renaissance and the Italian ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Northern Renaissance


1
Northern Renaissance
  • Theme Intellectual/ Cultural

2
Essential question
  • What are the similarities and differences between
    the Northern Renaissance and the Italian
    Renaissance?

3
Introduction
  • Renaissance outside of Italy is less classical
    and more influenced by religion
  • Emphasis on literature
  • Christian Humanism or Northern humanism
  • Countries north of Alps, Spain
  • Later than Italian Renaissance, mid to late 15th
    century

4
The Printing Press
  • Printing press developed around 1455
  • Johann Gutenberg typically credited with moveable
    type
  • New ideas and texts able to spread rapidly
    faster than Italian ideas
  • Stimulates literacy

5
Dutch Renaissance
  • Jan van Eyck (1385-1440)
  • Pieter Brueghel (1520-1569)
  • Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)

6
Jan Van Eyck (1385-1440)
  • Among 1st to use oil paint
  • Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride
  • Precise portraits, brilliant brass chandelier and
    mirror reflecting items in room

7
Close up of convex mirror in portrait
8
Signature, Johann van Eyck was here, 1434
9
Pieter Brueghel The Peasant Wedding
Bride
Crown of paper
Wall of hay
People of all ages, backgrounds celebrating
10
Rembrandt de Rijn
11
Albrecht Durer
  • Adoration of the Magi, 1504
  • Painted as an altarpiece in Germany

12
Durer and Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
  • Story from Revelations about the end of the earth
  • Death, Famine, War and Plague are four riders

13
Germany
  • Gutenbergs Printing Press
  • Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)
  • Realism and individualism in the woodcut

14
France
  • Jacques Lefevre (1455-15636)
  • French priest and humanist
  • Francois Rabelais (1490-1553)
  • Gargantua and Pantagruel
  • Distinctly secular and humorous stories about a
    giant, Gargantua, and his son, Pantagruel

15
Christian Humanism
  • Focus on early Christian texts rather than
    secular texts of Classical civilization
  • More interested in providing guidance on personal
    behavior
  • Emphasize institutional reform, education, and
    tolerance
  • Reformation ends Christian Humanism

16
Desiderius Erasmus
  • 1466-1536
  • Dutch
  • Most notable Christian Humanist
  • In Praise of Folly
  • Life of simple piety, calls for reform of
    Catholic Church
  • Erasmus laid the egg that Luther hatched

17
Thomas More
  • 1478-1536
  • English
  • Utopia
  • Describes perfect society of Christian social and
    political ideals
  • Executed by Henry VIII for refusing to support
    Englands break from the Catholic Church

18
Contrasts with Italian Renaissance
  • Italian humanism considered pagan
  • Religious interests continued in north
  • Universities founded in Spain, France, Germany,
    Scotland, Scandinavia none in Italy
  • Studied theology, medicine and law little time
    to art, literature and science

19
Similarities.
  • Both emphasize limitless potential of humans and
    freedom of humanity
  • Many northern humanists spend time in Italy
    curious about Italian thought and artistic methods
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