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The Renaissance Italian City States

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Title: The Renaissance Italian City States


1
The RenaissanceItalian City States
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(No Transcript)
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  • Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman
    Empire in 1453.
  • States grew because of loyalty to individual
    lords and the power achieved through trade.
  • People had no allegiance to a single ruler.

4
Rise of the Italian City-States
  • Control by wealthy families
  • Florence the Medici (on and off)
  • Ferrara the Este
  • Mantua the Gonzaga
  • Milan the Sforza and the Visconti
  • Rimini the Malatesta
  • Venice wealthy families elected Doges
  • Valencia the Borgias

5
  • The Borgia family were enemies of the Medicis and
    the Sforzas.
  • Marriages were regularly used as trades for power
    and allegiance.
  • Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia) was pope from
    1492-1503.
  • -Accused of crimes like adultery, simony,
    theft, and bribery. (IMPORTANT)
  • -Had his daughter marry a Sforza son.

6
Firenze and the Medici
Panorama of Firenze
7
The Gonzaga family in Mantua
La Piazza Mantova
8
The Sforza family in Milan
Castello Sforzesco
9
Wealthy families of Venice elected the Doge
The Doges Palace
10
Europe 1378
11
The Renaissance 1400-1600
  • Rebirth of all the arts and culture begins
    in the City-States of Italy
  • Wealthy bankers and merchants support artists,
    architects, intellectuals, etc.
  • Italian ideals set enduring standards for art in
    the Western world, influenced writers
    architects, and encouraged intellectual pursuits

12
Renaissance Cities
13
The end of the Renaissance
  • Political stress
  • France and Spains rivalry over Italy
  • City-states passed among various European rulers
    through war, marriage, treaty, death
  • The Papacy held on to the Papal States
  • Spain the chief power in Italy 1559-1713
  • House of Savoy rules Piedmont Sardinia

14
Italy 1494
Rivalry of Spain and France over territories in
Italy
By 1544 Spain ruled Sicily, Naples Milan
15
Europe 1500
16
1600-1815
  • Italy remains split into a dozen separate states
    while European nations are forming
  • The feudal system lingers on in the south

Europe 1648
17
Napoleon conquers Italy in the 1790s
  • After his defeat in 1815, most Italian states go
    back to their former rulers
  • Lombardy-Venetia to Austria
  • Naples and Sicily to Spain

18
Napoleonic expansion
19
1815 Italy after Napoleon
20
The Risorgimento
  • Hatred of foreign rule increases
  • Liberation movement begun by Giuseppe Mazzini in
    Piedmont with the support of Charles Albert,
    king of Sardinia-Piedmont (House of Savoy)
  • Scattered revolts in 1848 were unsuccessful

Giuseppe Mazzini
21
Expansion begins
  • Under King Victor Emanuel I, son of Charles
    Albert, Count Camillo Cavour, the prime minister,
    made a treaty with France against Austria.

Count Camillo Cavour
22
1859 Austria defeated
  • Italy gained Lombardy, but Austria kept Venetia

23
Expansion continues
  • 1859 Plebiscites held in Tuscany, Modena, Parma
    and Emilia. They voted to join
    Sardinia-Piedmont.
  • Napoleon III consented, but only after Nice and
    Savoy voted to join France.

24
  • General Garibaldi drives out the Bourbons from
    Sicily and Naples

General Giuseppe Garibaldi
25
Unification of Italy
  • 1861 Victor Emanuel II crowned King of Italy
  • 1866 Venetia regained from Austria

26
1870 Papal States captured
  • The French army was assigned to protect the Papal
    States, but was called to join the fighting in
    the Prussian War.
  • The Italian army took the opportunity to capture
    the Papal States, thus adding central Italy to
    the union.

27
Steps to Unification
28
Constitutional Monarchy 1870 - 1922
  • Birth of modern Italy
  • Heavy taxation to pay war debts
  • Parliamentary government new and strange to
    many Italians
  • Economic growth supported the changes
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