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Chapter 12: The Renaissance and the Reformation

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Chapter 12: The Renaissance and the Reformation 1350-1600 A. The Italian Renaissance 1400- began in the city-states of Italy Renaissance- rebirth of ancient ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 12: The Renaissance and the Reformation


1
Chapter 12 The Renaissance and the Reformation
1350-1600
2
A. The Italian Renaissance
  • 1400- began in the city-states of Italy
  • Renaissance- rebirth of ancient Greek and Roman
    worlds

3. Renaissance Italy was an urban society 4.
Age of recovery from disasters, like the plague
political instability
3
  • 5. 2 Things Characterized the Renaissance
  • a. Secular viewpoint emerged
  • b. People were capable of anything able to
    succeed in all aspects of life
  • Best example of this was Leonardo da Vinci

4
  • 6. New social order emerged
  • a. Wealth ability mattered more than
    aristocratic titles ownership of land

Upper class merchants bankers, The nobility
Middle Class shopkeepers, artisans, guild
masters
Lower Class Peasants (workers unemployed)
5
B. Society during the Renaissance
  • The nobility
  • Nobles dominated society

b. The Book of Courtier (Castiglione)- described
characteristics of a perfect noble
6
C. The Italian States
  • Italy controlled by individual city-states, not
    one single government
  • 4 Influential city-states emerged
  • a. Milan, Rome, Venice, Florence

7
Milan
  • Est. and efficient tax system that generated
    revenues for the government

Rome
  • Rome replaced Florence in 1500 as the leading
    Renaissance city

8
Venice
  1. Wealthiest most famous city during the late
    Renaissance

9
Florence
  1. Became the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance
  2. Banking and textile industries were prosperous
  3. Ruled by the Medici family

10
  • 3. Lorenzo the Magnificent-
  • Supported artists philosophers to make city
    famous prosperous
  • a. Economic decline in late 1400s led to the
    rule of Girolamo Savonarola

11
D. Machiavelli Gutenberg
  • Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince-
  • a. Told how to acquire keep power
  • b. Believed prince should act on behalf of the
    state, rather than his conscience

12
According to Machiavelli, what type of ruler must
the prince be and why must he rule in this
manner?
13
  • Johannes Gutenberg
  • a. inventor of the printing press
  • b. Allowed books to be published quickly less
    expensively
  • c. Bible was the 1st full sized book printed
  • d. Led to a religious revolution
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