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Title:

The Renaissance

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* * Renaissance Means REBIRTH Rebirth of art and learning Began in northern Italy Economic Foundations Increased demand for Middle Eastern products Encouraged the use ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance


1
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2
Renaissance
  • Means REBIRTH
  • Rebirth of art and learning
  • Began in northern Italy

3
Economic Foundations
  • Increased demand for Middle Eastern products
  • Encouraged the use of credit and banking
  • Letters of credit expanded supply of money and
    sped up trade.
  • New accounting and bookkeeping practices used
    Arabic numerals

4
Italy
  • Italian city-states became rich from trade
  • Florence
  • Venice
  • Genoa
  • They were trading centers for the distribution of
    goods to northern Europe.
  • Independent city-states governed as republics by
    wealthy merchants.

5
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Wrote The Prince
  • guidelines for the how to get power by absolute
    rule.
  • Believed the ends justified the means
  • One should do good if possible, but do evil when
    necessary.

6
Art and Literature
  • Medieval art and literature focused on the Church
    and salvation.
  • Renaissance art and literature focused on
    individuals and worldly matters, along with
    Christianity.

7
Artists and Writers
  • Artists
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Michelangelo
  • Writers
  • Petrarch

8
Leonardo da Vinci
  • Painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
  • Handsome, athletic, singer, artist, scientist,
    inventor

9
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10
Michelangelo
  • Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and
    sculpted David
  • Sculptor, painter, architect, poet

11
The Sistine Chapel Ceiling
12
Pieta
David
13
Petrarch
  • Wrote Sonnets
  • He wrote with a Humanistic approach
  • Considered the Father of Humanism

14
Humanism
  • Celebrated the individual
  • Stimulated the study of Greek and Roman
    literature and culture
  • Humanists were supported by PATRONS who were very
    wealthy

The Vitruvian Man
15
Northern Renaissance
  • With the rise of trade, travel and literacy, the
    Italian Renaissance spread to northern Europe.
  • The art and literature changed as people of
    different cultures adopted Renaissance ideas.

16
Northern Renaissance Writers
  • ErasmusThe Praise of Folly (1511)
  • Critical of corrupt church practices
  • Catalyst for Protestant Reformation

17
Northern Renaissance Writers
  • Sir Thomas More Utopia (1516)
  • Depicts world with perfect social, legal and
    political system
  • Leading humanist scholar
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