Byzantine Empire and the Crusades - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Byzantine Empire and the Crusades PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 73636e-YzE5N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Byzantine Empire and the Crusades

Description:

Warm Up When did the Western Roman Empire fall? Who was responsible for ending the Western Roman Empire? Explain two theories on the fall of the Western Roman Empire. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:87
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: gwy68
Learn more at: http://mrsvarghese.weebly.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Byzantine Empire and the Crusades


1
HAPPY PUNCTUATION DAY!!!!!
2
(No Transcript)
3
(No Transcript)
4
(No Transcript)
5
(No Transcript)
6
(No Transcript)
7
AFTER THE TEST ?
  • We are moving on to
  • Unit 3 The Medieval World
  • Complete p. 65-68 in the manual on the newly
    renamed Eastern Roman Empire as the Byzantine
    Empire under Emperor Justinian.

8
Warm Up
  • When did the Western Roman Empire fall?
  • Who was responsible for ending the Western Roman
    Empire?
  • Explain two theories on the fall of the Western
    Roman Empire.
  • Why did people within the Roman Empire convert to
    Christianity?

9
Unit 3
  • We are beginning the Middle Ages and will be
    studying everything from the split in
    Christianity, to the early Russian people, Islam,
    the Crusades, the Vikings, the early people
    groups of England and France, chivalry,
    architectural changes, Feudalism, and more strife
    between the church and kings, to name a few of
    our topics.

10
Byzantine Empire
For your information The Western Roman Empire
fell in 476 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire
continued to thrive and was a very wealthy
trading center. The name of the empire changed
to be called the Byzantine Empire as
Constantinople was formerly called Byzantium, and
was originally a Greek city. Thus, Greek was the
main language.
11
Justinian, Eastern Roman Emperor
  • Reigned 527-565 AD
  • Wanted to recreate the Roman Empire
  • Re-conquered Italy and N. Africa
  • Codified Roman Law unified laws for people in
    Byzantine Empire
  • Faced down rebellion in Constantinople with wife
    Theodora
  • The Nika Revolt
  • Read p. 348 as a class and briefly write a
    summary of the Nika Revolt and why Theodora was
    important.

12
Byzantine Empire
  • Lost land after Justinian, kept Asia Minor
    Constantinople
  • Centered on Greek culture, Christianity
  • Lots of on churches
  • Emperor seen as chosen by God, spiritual and
    political power
  • Emperor chose patriarch head of eastern church

13
City at a Crossroads
  • 1. Analyze the two-page
  • areal view of Constantinople
  • on p. 354-355!
  • 2. Read the informational
  • boxes and answer the
  • two geography skills
  • questions on interpreting
  • the map.

14
Constantinople
  • Center for East-West trade until 12th Century
  • Many beautiful buildings palace, Hippodrome
    (horse racing track, see visual on p. 354)
  • Hagia Sophia (Hi- yuh Sophia)
  • church built w/ dome on 4 pillars, many windows
    under dome, appeared to float (greatest
    architectural achievement)
  • The Great Schism
  • Disagreement over head of church lead to split
    (schism) Eastern Orthodox v. Roman Catholic-1054
    AD
  • Invasions by non-Christian Turks overwhelmed
    Byzantines
  • called to Christians in Western Europe for help.
  • 1096- European Christians went on a crusade to
    help fight the Turks who were also Muslimthus it
    became a HOLY WAR. (we will come back to
    this!!!!)

15
Hagia Sophia
Originally built as a church, now it is an
Islamic mosque.
16
Hagia Sophia
17
Compare/Contrast the GREAT SCHISM
  • Using p. 350- 351 complete the 2-column chart on
    the differences between the Orthodox Church and
    Roman Catholic Church

Issue Orthodox Church Roman Catholic Church




18
The Kievan Rus
  • Objective
  • TLW analyze how the Rus affected the early
    history of Kiev, the factors that helped
    establish Christianity in Russia, and what people
    groups attacked Russia.
  • Watch
  • John Green- Kievan Rus and evolution of the
    Russian State

19
Notice location of Kievan Rus in relationship to
the Byzantine/Eastern Roman Empire
20
Kiev Modern-day Ukraine
21
  • Beginnings and Growth
  • The Russian Primary Chronicle tells of the early
    Slavic peoples, written in 1100, telling of the
    people in mid-800AD
  • Constant fighting, invited northern Europeans
    (Vikings?) called the Rus to govern
  • Oleg- 2nd ruler
  • expanded territory south to Kiev
  • attacked Constantinople
  • successful trade union with Byzantines!!!!!
  • Slavic regions become formal state- Kievan Rus
  • Yaroslav the Wise
  • had religious books translated from Greek into
    Slavic
  • Russian law was codified
  • Good relations w/ Western Europe through
    daughters marriages
  • Regained lost territory but was crushed when
    attacked Constantinople

22
Christianity in Russia
  • Early Slavic religion- polytheistic based on
    nature
  • 863- Cyril (Sy-ril) and Methodius-
  • brothers and Greek monks who used the Slavic
    language to convert Slavs (ethnicity of Kievan
    Rus)
  • Developed written alphabet for Slavonic language
  • Called Cyrillic (Si-ril-ic) alphabet
  • Based on Greek alphabet
  • Vladimir I- Grand Duke of Kiev converted, married
    sister of Byzantine emperor
  • Built libraries, schools, churches
  • 988- Vlad made Christianity state religion of
    Kievan Rus
  • After the Great Schism-
  • became semi-independent of Orthodox in
    Constantinople
  • Russian Orthodox Church

23
Cyrillic Alphabet
24
What three alphabets can you decipher? 1. 2. 3.
Think of what area we are studying/ time period.
25
Kievan Rus Attacked!!!
  • State weakened internally from land-owning
    princes
  • New Grand Prince Andrew Bogolyubsky moves central
    city away from Kiev (places family in Kiev)
  • Power no longer centralized, easy to attack
  • Attacked by
  • 1. Mongols(from east under Genghis Khan)- 1223
    and were defeated. Kiev falls in 1240 to Mongols.
  • Alexander Nevsky- encouraged Rus not to rebel
    against Mongols
  • Mongols didnt destroy as much as they did
    elsewhere as a result
  • 2. Swedes (from north) in 1240 for trade routes
  • Alexander Nevsky- surprise attack on Swedes, Rus
    won!
  • 3. Teutonic Knights (Germanic military order)-
  • wanted Rus to convert to Catholicism
  • 1242- Alex. Nevsky saves Rus again by a massacre
    on ice
  • 4. The Tartars- (derogatory name) ruled Rus
    after Mongols
  • until 1480
  • Central Asian nomads, spoke Turkish, were
    Muslims

26
Prince Alexander of Novgorod, AKA Alexander
Nevsky .. Was THE MAN.tell me why.
About PowerShow.com