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Southern Europe

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CHAPTER 13 Southern Europe Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: Greece Section 3: Italy Section 4: Spain and Portugal Objectives: What are the main landforms and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Southern Europe


1
Southern Europe
CHAPTER 13
  • Section 1 Physical Geography
  • Section 2 Greece
  • Section 3 Italy
  • Section 4 Spain and Portugal

2
Objectives
Section 1 Physical Geography
  • What are the main landforms and rivers of
    southern Europe?
  • What are the major climate types and resources of
    this region?

3
Major Landforms of Southern Europe
Section 1 Physical Geography
  • The Iberian Peninsulawhere Portugal and Spain
    are located
  • The Cantabrian and the Pyrenees Mountains
  • The Southern Alps and the Apennineslocated on
    the Italian peninsula
  • Mediterranean islandsincluding Sicily, Sardinia,
    and Balearic Islands

4
Major Rivers of Southern Europe
Section 1 Physical Geography
  • The Ebro Riverdrains into the Mediterranean
  • The Douro, Tagus, and Guadalquivir Riversflow
    into the Atlantic
  • The Po RiverItalys largest river

5
Major climate types and resources of Southern
Europe
Section 1 Physical Geography
  • Primarily warm and sunny climate highland
    climate in the Italian Alps semiarid and cool,
    humid climates found in areas of Spain
  • Siroccos blow moisture over Italy in spring and
    summer.
  • Southern Europe depends on the sea for trade and
    the fishing industry.

6
Major climate types and resources of Southern
Europe (continued)
Section 1 Physical Geography
  • Iron ore, bauxite, chromium, lead, zinc, and
    marble found in the region.
  • Hydroelectricity is created by falling water.
  • Climate and natural beauty support tourism.

7
Objectives
Section 2Greece
  • What were some of the achievements of the ancient
    Greeks?
  • What are two features of Greek culture?
  • What is Greece like today?

8
Achievements of the ancient Greeks include
Section 2Greece
  • The first known democracy (Athens)
  • The invention of theater
  • Ancient Greek philosophers, artists, architects,
    and writers made important contributions to
    Western civilization.

9
Two features of Greek culture are
Section 2Greece
  • Religion98 percent of Greeks are Eastern
    Orthodox Christians.
  • The artsancient Greeks produced buildings,
    sculpture, poetry, plays, pottery, jewelry, and
    mosaics that were influential throughout Europe.

10
Greece Today
Section 2Greece
  • EconomyGreece lags behind other European
    countries in economic development
  • Agriculture is the main industry, but old methods
    are used due to the mountainous terrain. Tourism
    and shipping are also key industries.
  • A lack of natural resources limits industry in
    Greece.
  • Economic growth is centered in Athens.
  • Air pollution damages historical sites and public
    health in Athens.

11
Objectives
Section 3 Italy
  • What was the early history of Italy like?
  • How has Italy added to the world culture?
  • What is Italy like today?

12
Italys Early History
Section 3 Italy
  • 750 B.C.Rome established by Latin tribe Romans
    gradually conquered the rest of Italy and
    surrounding lands, establishing the Roman Empire.
  • Roman influences are found in modern language,
    law, politics, and art.
  • Christianity began in the Roman province of
    Judaea.
  • 1300sthe Renaissance began in Italy

13
Italy and the World Culture
Section 3 Italy
  • The Roman Catholic church is based at the Vatican
    in Rome.
  • Artists and scholars from the Italian Renaissance
    include Leonardo Da Vinci, Galileo Galilei,
    Francesco Petrarch, and Christopher Columbus.
  • Italian composers, designers, actors, and
    filmmakers continue to influence world culture.

14
Italy Today
Section 3 Italy
  • Italians are bound by language, the Roman
    Catholic church, and strong family ties.
  • Grapes are Italys most important crop and make
    Italy the worlds largest wine producer.
  • Tourism is important to the Italian economy.
  • Northern Italy is more industrialized than the
    south.

15
Objectives
Section 4 Spain and Portugal
  • What were some major events in the history of
    Spain and Portugal?
  • What are the cultures of Spain and Portugal like?

16
Major events in the history of Spain and
Portugal
Section 4 Spain and Portugal
  • 1492King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella conquered
    the last Moorish outpost in Spain, Granada. They
    also sponsored Columbuss voyage to the Americas.
  • 1490sSpain and Portugal establish large empires
    in the Americas
  • 1588Philip II invades England but is defeated,
    and power begins to decline

17
Major events in the history of Spain and
Portugal (continued)
Section 4 Spain and Portugal
  • 19361939The Spanish civil war is fought and won
    by General Francisco Franco.
  • Today both Spain and Portugal are democracies.

18
The Cultures of Spain and Portugal
Section 4 Spain and Portugal
  • Castilian is the most widely spoken dialect.
  • Basque separatists use violence to protest
    Spanish rule.
  • Spain and Portugal are strongly Roman Catholic.
  • The diet is typical of the Mediterranean region.
  • Art reflects African influences.
  • Spain and Portugal belong to the European Union.
  • Tourism, agriculture, clothing, and timber are
    important economic industries.
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