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BELLWORK

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BELLWORK Define the following words: Humanism Individualism Secular THINKER: How do you think people read before books? In today s society, what are books being ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BELLWORK


1
BELLWORK
  • Define the following words
  • Humanism
  • Individualism
  • Secular
  • THINKER How do you think people read before
    books? In todays society, what are books being
    replaced by?

2
The Renaissance
  • Entrepreneurs are simply those who understand
    that there is little difference between obstacle
    and opportunity and are able to turn both to
    their advantage. --Niccolo Machiavelli

3
The Origins of the Renaissance
  • The Renaissance begins in Italy and spreads north
    to the rest of Europe
  • Italy was the center of trade between northern
    Europe and Africa
  • It was the center of Greco-Roman culture
  • It was the center of the Catholic
  • Church
  • The Renaissance is a period between 1350 - 1600

4
Italian City-States
  • Italy was made up of five city-states, each with
    their own characteristics and governments
  • Florence is considered the birthplace of the
    Renaissance
  • Venice was a major trading port and helped spread
    the Renaissance
  • Milans connection to France encouraged the
    spread of the Renaissance
  • Naples and the Papal States helped spread the
    Renaissance through trade and religion

5
The Beginning
  • The term Renaissance means rebirth in Latin
  • It was the rebirth of art and learning
  • It was influenced by very powerful families such
    as the Medici family
  • The Medicis were bankers out of Florence
  • The families gave support to various artists

6
Characteristics of the Renaissance
  • Humanism
  • Individualism
  • Questioning Attitude
  • Interest in Secular, or non-religious worldly
    matters
  • Rise of the middle class (disposable income)
  • Great achievements in the arts

7
Humanism
  • Humanism is the idea that is focused on human
    achievements and potential rather than religious
    themes
  • Focused on the man and his world
  • Concentrated on everyday human problems and
    relationships
  • Humanists focus on pleasure rather than morality

8
Humanism
  • The secular nature of humanism, as well as its
    questioning attitude, often brought it into
    conflict with the traditional teachings of the
    Catholic Church and Medieval thinking

9
Art and Patronage
  • Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on
    art
  • Art communicated political, spiritual and social
    values
  • Public art in Florence was organized and
    supported by guilds
  • Therefore, art was used as a form of competition
    for social and political status

10
Medieval Art
  • Artists depicted subjects in an unrealistic two
    dimensional style to indicate the importance of
    the soul over the body

11
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
  • Three dimensional
  • Realistic
  • Lifelike
  • Influenced by Greco-Roman culture
  • Use of oil paint
  • Baptism of Christ (Da Vinci)

12
Italian Renaissance Artists
  • Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Michelangelo
  • Raphael
  • Donatello

13
Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Da Vinci was considered the Renaissance Man
  • Was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and a
    scientist
  • (The Vitruvian Man, 1485)

14
Leonardo Da Vinci The Last Supper
15
Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa
16
Raphael The School of Athens
17
Raphael The Alba Madonna
18
Michelangelo The Sistine Chapel
19
Michelangelo David
20
Michelangelo Pieta
21
Donatello bronze David
  • First unsupported standing work in bronze during
    the Renaissance period

22
Renaissance Writers
  • Began to use the vernacular (vernacular the
    native language) instead of classical Latin
  • Machiavelli, who wrote The Prince a handbook
    for behavior

23
Machiavelli
  • Machiavelli was a political philosopher
  • The Prince advised kings how to rule
  • In Machiavellian way of thinking, there are no
    means in which the end does not justify (The end
    justifies the means)

24
The Renaissance Moves North
  • Because of the plague, it was not until 1450 that
    northern Europe enjoyed the economic growth that
    helped support the Renaissance in Italy
  • Northern artists and writers imitated Italian
    styles while adding new methods and ideas of
    their own
  • As a result of the printing press, books became
    more available and people became more literate

25
William Shakespeare
  • The best known Renaissance writer was William
    Shakespeare
  • Between 1590 and 1613 he wrote 37 plays that are
    still preformed around the world

26
The Printing Revolution
  • In 1456, Johann Gutenberg printed the bible using
    movable metal type on a machine called a Printing
    Press
  • Printed books became cheap and easier to produce
    than hand copies
  • Now, readers gained access to broad range of
    knowledge (Medicine to Religion)
  • The printing press would greatly contribute to
    the Protestant Reformation

27
CLOSURE
  • What is the Renaissance?
  • Where did the Renaissance start? (country and
    city!)
  • What were some characteristics of Renaissance
    art? How is this different from Medieval art?
  • Who were some of the most influential Renaissance
    artists?
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