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THE FUTURE OF SOLAR ENERGY IN LITHUANIA

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Title: PPT-Vitas Maciulis-Vilnius 13-15.5.2014-SDO-Impact assesments/Renewable Energy 2013-2014 Subject: Miscellaneous consultative docs. Keywords – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE FUTURE OF SOLAR ENERGY IN LITHUANIA


1
THE FUTURE OF SOLAR ENERGY IN LITHUANIA
  • OPTIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT

Vitas Maciulis Lithuanian Solar Energy
Association 19 September, 2013
2
  • STATE-OF-PLAY IN THE SOLAR ENERGY SECTOR BEFORE
    JANUARY 2013
  • WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENED IN FEBRUARY 2013?
  • HOW COULD AND SHOULD SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOP IN
    20132018?

2
3
1002 kWh/m2
1089 kWh/m2
1006 kWh/m2
950 kWh/m2
1175 kWh/m2
3
4
4
5
FIRST STEPS OF SOLAR ENERGY IN LITHUANIA
TARIFF 1.63 1.44
1.25 1.25/0.69/0.56
LTL/kWh
5
6
THE BOOM IN SOLAR ENERGY IN 2012
6
7
WHY DID IT HAPPEN IN 2012?
Number of applications to the Ministry of Energy
Module prices, EU/W
Module prices Number of applications
January February March April May June Jul
y August September October November December
7
8
SOLAR ENERGY LITHUANIA vs OTHER COUNTRIES
Installed capacity per capita (in 2011)
Countries
Germany
Czech Republic
Belgium
Slovakia
Austria
UK
Lithuania - 2020 Strategy
Lithuania actual figures in 2013
EU (average of 27 countries)
8
9
WHAT TO DO?
  • FEED-IN-TARIFF INCENTIVIZING TARIFF NOT TO BE
    APPLIED TO NEW SOLAR POWER PLANTS
  • INTRODUCTION OF NET METERING
  • TWO-WAY ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

9
10
UNDERSTANDING NET METERING
  • ELECTRICITY PRODUCED ONLY FOR OWN NEEDS
  • PRODUCTION SURPLUS IS FED BACK INTO THE GRID
  • DAYTIME SURPLUS IS CONSUMED IN THE EVENING
  • SUMMER SUPRLUS IS CONSUMED IN WINTER
  • GRID OPERATOR BECOMES A VIRTUAL BATTERY
  • AT THE END OF A YEAR A BALANCE IS CALCULATED AND
    THE DIFFERENCE IS PAID OUT, USUALLY BY PRODUCER
    TO OPERATOR.

10
11
PROPOSED RESTRICTIONS OF NET METERING
  • INSTALLED SOLAR CAPACITY SHOULD NOT EXCEED
    MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE CONSUMPTION CAPACITY (THAT OF
    POWER SUPPLY CONNECTION)
  • GENERATED SOLAR ENERGY DOES NOT EXCEED PREDICTED
    CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY
  • SOLAR POWER IS PRODUCED ONLY IN THE PLACE OF
    CONSUMPTION i. e. on the building or in the land
    plot.

11
12
COMMENTS
  • INSTALLED CAPACITY DOES NOT EXCEED CONSUMPTION
    CAPACITY
  • INSTALLED CAPACITY TO COMPANIES EQUALS TO THEIR
    CONSUMPTION CAPACITY
  • INSTALLED CAPACITY TO HOUSEHOLDS EQUALS TO
    CAPACITY RECEIVED FROM THE GRID
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF A SOLAR POWER PLANT EQUALS
    TO A TOTAL POWER OF POWER CONVERTERS (BUT NOT A
    TOTAL OF MODULE POWER)
  • THRESHOLD CAPACITY OF FUSES ENSURES THAT THE
    ABOVE RESTRICTIONS ARE OBSERVED.

12
13
  • GENERATED POWER DOES NOT EXCEED CONSUMED POWER
  • ENERGY METERING A TWO-WAY METERING DEVICE
  • PAYMENT AT THE END OF A CALENDAR YEAR
  • SURPLUS SUPPLIED BY THE PRODUCER FOR A MARKET
    PRICE.

13
14
  • SOLAR POWER PRODUCTION IN THE PLACE OF
    CONSUMPTION
  • ROOFS OR WALLS OF THE BUILDINGS THAT HAVE SUPPLY
    CONNECTION
  • ONLY AREAS WHERE POWER CONSUMERS HAVE BEEN
    INSTALLED AND THAT ARE LAWFULLY USED BY THE
    PRODUCER.

14
15
ADVANTAGES OF NET METERING
  • THE MONEY OF OTHER POWER CONSUMERS WILL NOT BE
    USED (THE MONEY WILL NOT BE REDISTRIBUTED VIA
    PUBLIC SERVICE OBLIGATIONS (POS)
  • NO INVESTMENTS BY THE OPERATOR WILL BE NECESSARY
    TO CONNECT A SOLAR PLANT TO A GRID
  • UNRESOLVED BALANCING COSTS (FOR UNITS OF UP TO
    10 kW CAPACITY THERE SHOULD BE NONE).

15
16
ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF SOLAR POWER
PLANTS (EXAMPLE FOR 10 Kw)
  • INVESTMENTS LTL50,000
  • SOURCE OF INVESTMENTS OWN FUNDS
  • ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION 950 kWh/kW
  • DEGRADATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
  • IN 10 YEARS 90 OF CAPACITY
  • IN 20 YEARS 80 OF CAPACITY.
  • RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICE 52 ct/kWh
  • PREDICTED GROWTH OF ELECTRICITY PRICE 3 A
    YEAR.

16
17
CASH FLOWS OF A 10 kW SOLAR POWER PLANT
17
18
RENTABILITY OPTIONS FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS
Investments, LTL/kW
Support, LTL
Year
18
19
PREDICTIONS FOR SOLAR POWER PLANT CONSTRUCTION IN
2014-2018
19
20
EXPECTED RESULTS OF SOLAR POWER PLANT DEVELOPMENT
IN 2018
PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO
OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO
INDICATOR
Installed capacity, MW
Per capita, W
Annual production of solar electricity, GWh
Share of solar electricity in the total
consumption of electricity,
21
PROPOSALS FOR INTRODUCTION OF NET METERING
  • AMENDMENT OF THE LAW ON NUCLEAR POWER STATION IN
    THE AUTUMN SESSION OF THE PARLIAMENT IN 2013 BY
    15 NOVEMBER
  • MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND LESTO PREPARE BYLAWS BY
    15 DECEMBER 2013
  • MINISTRY OF ENERGY EARMARKS FUNDING FROM
    2014-2016 PROGRAMMING PERIOD BY 31 DECEMBER
    2014
  • AMOUNT OF SUPPORT 2,000 LTL/kW
  • LAUNCH OF NET METERING 01/01/2014

21
22
THE RESULT SOLAR ENERGY IN LITHUANIA BACK IN
2014!
23
  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
  • ANY QUESTIONS?

For more information Vitas Maciulis, 8 698
48934 vitas.maciulis_at_gmail.com
23
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