Democracy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Democracy PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 735b5d-YTRmY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Democracy

Description:

Democracy Demos + Kratos = The rule of the people – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:108
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 12
Provided by: Moren8
Learn more at: http://websites.rcc.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Democracy


1
Democracy
  • Demos Kratos The rule of the people

2
Direct versus indirect forms of democracy.
  • Do the people make the laws and take all of the
    decisions in the US? (Why is direct democracy
    problematic?)
  • Representative democracy is an indirect form
    characterized as competitive elitism and
    polyarchy by Joseph Schumpeter and Robert Dahl
    respectively.
  • Is democracy a bourgeois political system as
    Marxists maintain?

3
Liberal or representative democracy is a
political regime with six essential criteria
  1. Equal and universal adult suffrage.
  2. Representative assembly at the level of the
    political community.
  3. Civic rights which assure the free expression of
    opinion and the free organization of currents of
    opinion.

4
Criteria continued
  • 4. Decisions taken by a (mostly) numerical
    majority.
  • 5. Guarantees of the rights of minorities against
    abuses on the part of majorities.
  • 6. The rule of law.

5
Aristotles View (384 322 BCE)
  • He examined various political regimes and
    concluded that it was possible to characterize
    governments by looking at two questions (1) Who
    governs? and (2) Whose interest is served by the
    decisions made by those in power?

6
Aristotelian regimes
Goal? One Ruler Few Rulers Many Rulers
Public Interest Monarchy Aristocracy Polity
Self Interest Tyranny Oligarchy Democracy
7
The Guardian critique of democracy. (Plato
427-347 BCE)
  • Are humans unequal by nature? If so, why set up a
    political system on the basis of a fallacy?
  • Plato believed in the rule of the wise ie.,
    Philosopher-Kings. As suggested in The Republic
    society should be divided into three parts
    Philosopher-Kings, Soldiers/ Auxiliaries, the
    citizens. The first two groups are specialists in
    governance.

8
Virtue is knowledge
  • Plato argues that virtue (wisdom, courage,
    moderation) can be taught.
  • Instrumental knowledge moral knowledge virtue
  • (Was Plato right?)
  • To rise to the top of society means to excel in
    intellectual work i.e., to keep studying! (He ran
    his own school in Athens - The Academy.)

9
Communism of the Guardians
  • In order to keep the Guardians focused on the
    public good, and to prevent corruption (the use
    of public power for private gain) they were
    forbidden property as well as marriage.
  • Only the citizens could lead what we would
    consider normal lives.

10
Modern forms of Guardianship
  • Marxism-Leninism-Maoism-Castroism etc(special
    knowledge?)
  • Military Regimes (special virtues?)
  • Theocracies/Islamism (Gods rule)

11
Global Dimensions of Democracy
  • Are there social pre-requisites required to make
    democracy work well? (Social structure income
    per head literacy rates social demand elite
    agreement cultural requisites political
    culture).
  • Should we seek to promote democracy globally?
    (Human rights and dignity, global peace).
  • Should we democratize the global political
    system? (The UN and global decision making).
About PowerShow.com