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The Middle and Southern Colonies

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3.3 & 3.4 The Middle and Southern Colonies Maryland Became home to Catholics from England who could not worship as they wanted in England Named after Charles I wife ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle and Southern Colonies


1
  • 3.3 3.4
  • The Middle and Southern Colonies

2
  • Maryland
  • Became home to Catholics from England who could
    not worship as they wanted in England
  • Named after Charles I wife Henrietta Maria
  • A proprietary colony (owners of the charter
    controlled it Lord Baltimore (George Calvert
    Cecilius Calvert)
  • Focused upon agriculture (like Jamestown) later
    on tobacco
  • Soon Protestants came to Maryland (conflict)
  • Led to the Toleration Act of 1649 (made
    restricting religious rights of Christians a
    crime)
  • Allowed some toleration for religious groups

3
  • North and South Carolina (proprietary colonies)
  • Settled by friends of Charles II after he
    restored the monarchy in England
  • Originally one big territory, split into North
    and South in 1729
  • North Carolina poor, few plantations, few
    settlements
  • South Carolina (founded port of Charles Town)
  • Colonists paid their way over in exchange for
    tracts of land (Caribbean colonists brought
    slaves with them)
  • Farming tough at first due to climate (lowlands)
  • Rice became the first important crop
  • Slaves needed to for rice production
  • Out numbered whites 2 to 1
  • Became a royal colony in 1729

4
  • New York and New Jersey
  • New York (royal colony)
  • Area of New Netherlands (led by Peter Stuyvesant)
  • Center of fur trade Stuyvesant like a dictator
    and did what he wanted
  • Increased land by capturing Swedish fort and
    increase land
  • England took over New Netherlands in 1664 by
    using its navy led by the Duke of York (not a
    shot fired)
  • New Jersey (proprietary colony)
  • Duke of York granted lands to George Carteret and
    John Berkeley
  • A diverse population of Dutch, Swedes, Finns, and
    Scots

5
  • Pennsylvania
  • Founded by William Penn (Quaker)
  • Quakers believed that all people could be saved
    rejected formal religious practices believed in
    equality of the sexes, religious tolerance
    nonviolence
  • This led to persecution in England and America
  • William Penn (a Quaker) unhappy with leaders in
    New Jersey and wanted his own colony
  • (went to King Charles II who owed Penns father
    money agreed to pay off debt by granting a
    charter)
  • Attracted Welsh, Irish, Germans
  • Philadelphia was the capital
  • Greek work from Philos (love) adelphos (brother)

6
  • Georgia
  • 1732 by King George II to James Oglethorpe
  • A debtors/penal colony and a buffer to Spanish
    Florida
  • Oglethorpe wanted
  • Georgia to be different from other southern
    colonies
  • Outlawed slavery
  • Land grants of no more than 500 acres
  • Free passage to Georgia and gave them food and
    cattle
  • Settlers became unhappy with strict rules under
    Oglethorpe
  • Wanted to develop large plantations and
    liquor/rum
  • 1752 charter given up and became a royal colony
  • Restrictions lifted and rice plantations (slavery
    grew)
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