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Ireland in the early 20th century.

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Ireland in the early 20th century. Must be able to explain each of the following terms:-Nationalists-Republicans-Unionists-Home Rule-IRB-Anglicisation – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ireland in the early 20th century.


1
Ireland in the early 20th century.
  • Must be able to explain each of the following
    terms
  • -Nationalists
  • -Republicans
  • -Unionists
  • -Home Rule
  • -IRB
  • -Anglicisation
  • -Cultural Revival
  • -IGTWU
  • -Lockout
  • Be able to define what Home Rule was, and be able
    to describe the reaction of the Unionists when
    Home Rule seemed likely.
  • Possible Paragraph Questions The Home Rule
    Crisis 1912-1914 (10/12 marks)

2
Nationalists -Wanted freedom from British
Parliament. -Wanted Home rule with own
parliament in Dublin for local affairs (e.g.
health, education) -Allow Westminster to govern
foreign affairs. -Home Rule party represented
these people, led by John Redmond. -Majority
were Catholics.
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4
Republicans -People who wanted an Irish
republic independent from British rule. -Some
republicans pledged to use violence to achieve
the republic. Were part of a secret
organisation called the IRB-Leaders Thomas
Clarke and Sean Mac Dermot.
5
Unionists -Wanted Ireland to be a part of the
United Kingdom. -Majority were Protestants.
-Home Rule is Rome Rule.-Represented by
Unionist Party. Leaders James Craig and Edward
Carson.
  • Edward Carson James Craig

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10
  • Liberal Party in Britain had tried to introduce
    Home Rule in Ireland but had failed.
  • When they were in power again in 1906 they were
    slow to try again.
  • In the 1910 election Herbert Asquith needed the
    support of the Home Rule party to stay in power.

You give us Home Rule and we will support you!
11
Parliament Act 1911
  • House of Lords
  • House of Commons
  • People

12
Parliament Act 1911
  • Before Home Rule could become law, the House of
    Lords could stop it (veto).
  • King George felt it was unfair that the House of
    Lords could stop a law that had been passed in
    the House of Commons.
  • Parliament Act 1911 Allowed the House of Laws to
    veto a law for two years but if it came before
    them the third year, they had to pass it.
  • Q What did this mean for Home Rule?

13
Unionists were appalled!
  • Led demonstrations
  • Signed the Solemn League and Covenant
    promising that they would use any means possible
    to prevent Home Rule.
  • UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force) set up to oppose
    Home Rule.
  • Larne Gun Running In Larne, Co. Antrim, guns and
    ammunition were imported by the UVF.

14
Nationalist Reaction
  • Eoin Mac Neill formed the Irish Volunteers to
    make sure Home Rule was granted.
  • Some of the Volunteers were also in the IRB
    (violent!).
  • Imported guns through Howth in 1914. Intention to
    use guns and Volunteers to fight for
    Independence.

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16
Anglicisation Term refers to the spread of
English Culture
  • Cultural Nationalists Wanted to encourage the
    Irish Culture in order to show separation from
    Britain.
  • Cultural Revival
  • GAA Gaelic League Anglo Irish
    literary Revival

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20
IGTWU and Dublin Lockout
  • IGTWU Set up by James Larkin in 1913 to fight
    for better rights for workers.
  • Employers such as William Martin Murphy were
    worried by this and tried to destroy the IGTWU by
    telling members that they would loose their jobs
    in they did not leave the organisation.
  • Larkin told the workers to go on strike.
  • Employers locked out the workers. Lasted five
    months.
  • Eventually workers left the union and returned to
    work.
  • Irish Citizen Army set up in 1913 by James
    Connolly to defend workers.
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