Old Testament Survey: The Book of Proverbs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Old Testament Survey: The Book of Proverbs

Description:

Old Testament Survey: The Book of Proverbs The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge, But fools despise wisdom and instruction. {Proverbs 1:7} – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:305
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 28
Provided by: church81
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Old Testament Survey: The Book of Proverbs


1
Old Testament Survey The Book of Proverbs
  • The fear of the LORD is the beginning of
    knowledge, But fools despise wisdom and
    instruction. Proverbs 17

2
Background
  • Collection of wise sayings by several
    menSolomon major contributor
  • Scribes put the collection together (251)
  • Only part of the 3,000 proverbs Solomon
    authored
  • Moral instruction to the young
  • The book covers a wide range of subjects
  • Book read like a dictionary
    subject changes frequently

3
Studying the Book
  • Written in the style of Hebrew poetry
  • Emphasis on parallelism
  • Largely antithetical
  • Verses with opposite thought in each line
  • An excellent wife is the crown of her husband,
    But she who causes shame is like rottenness in
    his bones. (124)
  • A wise son makes a glad father, But a foolish
    son is the grief of his mother. (101)

4
Studying the Book
  • Sometimes the parallelism is synonymous
  • Verses with thought is repeated in both lines
  • The evil will bow before the good, And the
    wicked at the gates of the righteous. (1419)
  • Take firm hold of instruction, do not let go
    Keep her, for she is your life. (413)

5
Studying the Book
  • Sometimes the parallelism is synthetic
  • Verses in which line B supplements or completes
    the thought of line A
  • Keep your heart with all diligence, For out of
    it spring the issues of life. (423)
  • My son, pay attention to my wisdom Lend your
    ear to my understanding. (51)

6
WISDOM
  • Wisdom begins, not in good, secular education,
    but in the fear of the Lord.
  • Trust in the LORD with all your heart, And lean
    not on your own understanding In all your
    ways acknowledge Him, And He shall direct your
    paths. (35,6)

7
WISDOM
  • Wisdom begins, not in good, secular education,
    but in the fear of the Lord.
  • Occurs 14 times in the book
  • Wisdom is the principal thing Therefore get
    wisdom. And in all your getting, get
    understanding. (47)
  • The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom,
    And the knowledge of the Holy One is
    understanding. (910)

8
Choice Selection Concerning Wisdom
  • Call of Wisdom
  • Wisdom calls aloud outside She raises her voice
    in the open squares. She cries out in the chief
    concourses, At the openings of the gates in the
    city she speaks her words. (120,21)
  • Source of wisdom
  • For the LORD gives wisdom From His mouth come
    knowledge and understanding He stores up sound
    wisdom for the upright He is a shield to those
    who walk uprightly. 26,7

9
Choice Selection Concerning Wisdom
  • Preciousness of wisdom
  • She is more precious than rubies, And all the
    things you may desire cannot compare with her.
    Length of days is in her right hand, In her left
    hand riches and honor. (315,16)
  • Wisdom is the principal thing
  • Wisdom is the principal thing Therefore get
    wisdom. And in all your getting, get
    understanding. Exalt her, and she will promote
    you She will bring you honor, when you embrace
    her. 47,8

10
Choice Selection Concerning Wisdom
  • The personification of wisdom
  • I, wisdom, dwell with prudence, And find out
    knowledge and discretion. The fear of the LORD is
    to hate evil pride and arrogance and the evil
    way and the perverse mouth I hate. (812,13)
  • The feast of wisdom
  • Wisdom has built her house, She has hewn out her
    seven pillars She has slaughtered her meat, She
    has mixed her wine, She has also furnished her
    table. 91,2

11
Main Divisions of the Book
  • Introduction
  • The practical purpose of Proverbs (11-6)
  • Part I
  • Proverbs of Solomon concerning the value and
    attainment of wisdom (17918)
  • Part II
  • Proverbs of Solomon on practical morality
    (1012216)

12
Main Divisions of the Book
  • Part III
  • Proverbs of the wise, admonitions to get wisdom
    and follow it. (22172434)
  • Part IV
  • Proverbs of Solomon selected by men of Hezekiah.
    The practice of wisdom, contrast between the
    righteous and the wicked (2529)
  • Part V
  • Words of Agur and King Lemuel. Lessons concerning
    God, men, nature and praises of a virtuous woman
    (3031)

13
Personal Duties
  • We have the same duties taught in the New
    Testament as parts of our Christian manner of
    life.
  • Duty to God
  • The fear of the LORD is the beginning of
    knowledge, But fools despise wisdom and
    instruction. (17)
  • Fear of the Lord is respect and reverence that
    leads to trust and obedience.

14
Personal Duties
  • We have the same duties taught in the New
    Testament as parts of our Christian manner of
    life.
  • Duty to Self
  • The fear of the LORD is the instruction of
    wisdom, and before honor is humility. (1533)
  • One must avoid pride and develop humility. Must
    resist things deprive one of salvation.

15
Personal Duties
  • We have the same duties taught in the New
    Testament as parts of our Christian manner of
    life.
  • Duty to our neighbors
  • He who despises his neighbor sins But he who
    has mercy on the poor, happy is he. (1421)
  • Ones duty to his neighbor includes expressing
    sympathy and cheer. Helping in time of need.

16
Personal Duties
  • We have the same duties taught in the New
    Testament as parts of our Christian manner of
    life.
  • Family duties
  • Train up a child in the way he should go, And
    when he is old he will not depart from it.
    (226)
  • Ones duty to his familyparents, spouse and
    children.

17
Great Lessons From Proverbs
  • One of the main subjects in Proverbs is the
    contrast between the wise and foolish. Righteous
    and unrighteousobedient and disobedient
  • For whoever finds me finds life, And obtains
    favor from the LORD But he who sins against me
    wrongs his own soul All those who hate me love
    death. (835,36)

18
The Contrast in Proverbs
  • In Proverbs we see both sides of an issue. One
    is positive and the other is negative. Men must
    choose
  • The fear of the LORD is the beginning of
    knowledge, But fools despise wisdom and
    instruction. (17)
  • The way of a fool is right in his own eyes, But
    he who heeds counsel is wise. (1215)

19
The Contrast in Proverbs
  • In Proverbs we see both sides of an issue. One
    is positive and the other is negative. Men must
    choose
  • He who trusts in his own heart is a fool, But
    whoever walks wisely will be delivered. (2826)
  • Trust in the LORD with all your heart, And lean
    not on your own understanding. (35)

20
The Contrast in Proverbs
  • In Proverbs we see both sides of an issue. One
    is positive and the other is negative. Men must
    choose
  • A fool's wrath is known at once, But a prudent
    man covers shame. (1216)
  • He who is slow to anger is better than the
    mighty, and he who rules his spirit than he who
    takes a city. (1632)

21
The Way of Righteousness
  • Righteousness can be best defined as obeying
    Gods commands.
  • I traverse the way of righteousness, in the
    midst of the paths of justice. (820)
  • In the way of righteousness is life, And in its
    pathway there is no death. (1228)

22
The Wicked and Righteous
  • The upright and the wicked are contrasted
    throughout Proverbs
  • Then you will understand righteousness and
    justice, Equity and every good path. When wisdom
    enters your heart, and knowledge is pleasant to
    your soul. (29,10)
  • The righteousness of the blameless will direct
    his way aright, but the wicked will fall by his
    own wickedness. (115)

23
Reward of Righteousness
  • Many rewards are made by God for the ones who
    choose righteousness
  • The wicked are overthrown and are no more, But
    the house of the righteous will stand. (127)
  • The way of the wicked is an abomination to the
    LORD, but He loves him who follows
    righteousness. (159)

24
Attitudes Are Important
  • God is supremely interested in out thoughts and
    attitudes. Disposition of the heart a chief
    requirement
  • For as he thinks in his heart, so is he. Eat
    and drink! he says to you, but his heart is not
    with you. (237)
  • Do you see a man wise in his own eyes? There is
    more hope for a fool than for him. (2612)

25
Fear of the Lord
  • The importance of fearing God is the central
    message and most valuable lesson of the Proverbs.
  • In the fear of the LORD there is strong
    confidence, And His children will have a place of
    refuge. (1426)
  • Do not let your heart envy sinners, but be
    zealous for the fear of the LORD all the day.
    (2317)

26
Speech Use of the Tongue
  • The use of the tongue is a prominent theme of
    Proverbs.
  • A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold In
    settings of silver. (2511)
  • A soft answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word
    stirs up anger. (151)
  • Pleasant words are like a honeycomb, Sweetness
    to the soul and health to the bones. (1624)

27
Speech Speech of Wise and Fools
  • In Proverbs the speech between the wise and fools
    are contrasted. Again men must choose...
  • Wise people store up knowledge, but the mouth of
    the foolish is near destruction. (1014)
  • The words of a man's mouth are deep waters the
    wellspring of wisdom is a flowing brook. (184)
  • A fool's lips enter into contention, and his
    mouth calls for blows. A fool's mouth is his
    destruction, And his lips are the snare of his
    soul. (186,7)
About PowerShow.com