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MIS 696a/797a Final Project

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MIS 696a/797a Final Project Final Report December 15, 1999 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MIS 696a/797a Final Project


1
MIS 696a/797a Final Project
  • Final Report
  • December 15, 1999

2
Introduction
  • MIS Defined A management information system is
    the complement of people, machines, and
    procedures that develops the right information
    and communicates it to the right managers at the
    right time.

3
MIS Theory
  • Three main schools of thought
  • Technological Imperative Impact of
    technology.
  • Organizational Imperative Rational actors
    choose technologies.
  • Emergent Intersection of technologies and
    people creates complex interactions.

4
Timeline
  • Sep 30
  • Oct 1
  • Oct 13
  • Oct 20
  • Nov 10
  • Nov 20
  • Dec 1
  • Dec 8
  • Dec 15

Survey Field (Complete) Brainstorm Conceptual
Model (Complete) Gather Information/Feedback From
MIS Faculty Refine Information Identify Reference
Disciplines to Feature Review Key Articles
Revise Conceptual Model Outline Presentation
and Paper Rank Researchers Based on Model Submit
and Present Final Paper
5
Research Areas - Focus
Field
Team
  • Group Support Systems
  • Knowledge Mgmt, AI, Information Retrieval
  • Databases
  • Economics, DSS, OR
  • E-Commerce
  • HCI, Visualization, Communication, Psychology
  • International
  • Social Issues, Ethics
  • Telecommunications, Security
  • Systems Analysis and Design
  • Paul
  • Gondy, Duffy
  • Limin, Yousub
  • Wayne, Taeha
  • Marsha, Kim
  • Karen, Lin Lin
  • Taeha, Chienting
  • Dennis, Marsha
  • Yousub, Limin
  • Kim, Chienting

6
Model Overview
  • Conceptual Diagrams
  • December 15, 1999

7
Model
Emerging
Relevance
Established
Rigor
Behavioral
Technical
8
Model (cont.)
  • Behavioral - Technical
  • Focus on the behavioral or technical aspects of
    MIS.
  • Rigor - Relevance
  • Research methodology and methods used to gain
    knowledge.
  • Emerging
  • Changes in the direction of research over time.

9
Top View
  • Look at one researcher or group in a field

10
Top View, Look Through All
Relevance
Rigor
Behavioral
Technical
  • Possibilities
  • Follow 1 Group/Person Across Different Fields
  • Compare the Concentration of Research Over Fields
  • Collapse All Fields for a General Overview

11
Research Overview
  • Researchers/Papers
  • December 15, 1999

12
Order of Presentation Established
Emerging
  • International
  • HCI, Visualization, Communication Psychology
  • Social Issues Ethics
  • Systems Analysis Design
  • Group Support Systems (GSS)
  • Telecommunications Security
  • Databases
  • Economics, Decision Support Systems Operations
    Research
  • Knowledge Management, Artificial Intelligence
    Information Retrieval
  • E-commerce

13
Researchers International
  • Seymour Goodman, University of Arizona
  • International developments in the information
    technologies (IT), IT and national security,
    technology diffusion
  • Eli Noam, Columbia University
  • International work on telecom/television, content
    of media, common carrier implications and IP
    telephony over cable versus traditional telephony
    infrastructure.
  • Larry Press, California State Univ., Dominguez
    Hills
  • Global diffusion of the internet, networking in
    developing nations, computer support of
    cooperative work.

14
Featured Researcher International
  • Seymour Goodman, Professor
  • Eller College of Business and Public
    Administration
  • The University of Arizona
  • Tucson, Arizona
  • EDUCATION Ph.D., California Institute of
    Technology
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE International developments
    in the information technologies (IT), technology
    diffusion, IT and national security, and related
    public policy issues, statistical and continuum
    physics and combinatorial algorithms

15
International
Seymour Goodman Eli Noam Larry Press
16
Researchers Human-Computer Interaction/Psychology/
Visualization/Communication
  • Donald Norman, Apple Computer
  • Internet and academia
  • Jakob Nielsen
  • Usability of the web and designing of web sites
  • Peter Denning, George Mason University
  • Workflow management, high performance computing,
    security
  • David Liddle, Interval Research Corp., Stanford
  • Human-computer interaction and the computing
    industry
  • Terry Allen Winograd, Stanford
  • Human-computer interaction.

17
Featured Researcher HCI/Psychology/Visualization
  • Donald Norman
  • President, UNext Learning Systems
  • UNext.com
  • Deerfield, IL USA
  • EDUCATION Ph.D., Mathematical Psychology,
    University
    of Pennsylvania
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE Recognition psychology,
    the sensitivity and range of sensing and hearing,
    the power of human perception, and the design of
    human-centered technology. Currently working on
    distance learning.

18
Human-Computer Interaction/Psychology/
Visualization/Communication
Donald Norman Jakob Nielsen Peter
Denning David Liddle Terry Winograd
19
Researchers Social Issues and Ethics
  • Mary Culnan, Georgetown
  • Privacy Issues
  • Richard Mason, SMU
  • MIS History, Ethics
  • Rob Kling, Indiana University - Bloomington
  • Social Issues
  • Sara Kiesler, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Collective Communication Issues

20
Featured Researcher Social Issues and Ethics
  • Mary J. Culnan, Professor
  • The McDonough School of Business
  • Georgetown University
  • Washington, D.C. 20057-1008
  • EDUCATION Ph.D., Management, Anderson Graduate
    School of Management, UCLA
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE Social and public policy
    impacts of information technology and information
    privacy. Currently addressing consumer attitudes
    toward privacy and electronic marketing.

21
Social Issues/Ethics
Rob Kling Mary Culnan Richard Mason Sara
Kiesler
22
Researchers SAD / Software Engineering
  • Grady Booch, Rational Software Corporation
  • Pioneered the development of object-oriented
    analysis
  • Peter Checkland, Lancaster University
  • Nature of information systems
  • Watts Humphrey, SEI
  • Promotes Capability Maturity Model
  • Roger Pressman, R.S. Pressman and Associates
  • Helps companies establish effective SE practices
  • Edward Yourdon, Cutter Consortium
  • Developed the structured analysis methods of the
    70s

23
Featured Researcher SAD / Software Engineering
  • Watts Humphrey, Fellow and Research Scientist
  • Software Engineering Institute
  • Carnegie Mellon University
  • Pittsburgh, PA
  • EDUCATION MBA, University of Chicago
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE Evangelist of CMU / SEI
    capability maturity model (CMM)

24
SAD / Software Engineering
Roger Pressman Peter Checkland Grady
Booch Edward Yourdon Watts Humphrey
25
Researchers GSS
  • Jay F. Nunamaker, Jr. , University of Arizona
  • computer supported collaboration and decision
    support to improve productivity and communication
  • Brent Gallupe, Queens University, Ontario
  • Electronic brainstorming, history of information
    systems
  • Jerry DeSanctis, Duke University
  • organizational computing, computer-supported
    cooperative work and management of information
    systems
  • Sara Kiesler, Carnegie Mellon University
  • group dynamics and communication
  • Judy Olsen, University of Michigan
  • Collaboration technology and human-computer
    interaction

26
Featured Researcher GSS
  • Jay F. Nunamaker, Jr., Regents Professor
  • Eller College of Business and Public
    Administration
  • The University of Arizona
  • Tucson, Arizona
  • EDUCATION Ph.D. in SE and OR from Case
    Institute of Technology
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE Computer supported
    collaboration and decision support to improve
    productivity and communication.

27
GSS
Jay Nunamaker, Jr. Brent Gallupe Judy
Olsen Jerry DeSanctis Sara Kiesler
28
Researchers Telecommunications/Security
  • Roch Guerin, University of Pennsylvania
  • Intersection of networking and quality-of-service
  • Aurel Lazar, Columbia University
  • Networking games and pricing, architectures,
    network management and control
  • Thomas Magnanti, MIT
  • Communication systems, production planning
    scheduling
  • Steve McCanne, University of California, Berkeley
  • Multimedia networking, multicast communication
    protocols
  • David Wetherall, University of Washington
  • Mobile protocol development

29
Featured Researcher Telecommunications
  • Roch Guerin
  • Department of Electrical Engineering
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia, PA 19104
  • EDUCATION Ph.D. from California Institute of
    Technology, in 1986
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE Networking and
    Quality-of-Service, in particular the
    intersection of the two.

30
Telecommunications/Security
Roch Guerin Aurel Lazar David Wetherall Steve
McCanne Thomas Magnanti
31
Researchers Database
  • E. F. Codd, IBM Research Laboratory
  • Relational Database Model
  • Peter Pin-Shan Chen, LSU
  • Database Design
  • Won Kim, Cyber Database Solutions, Inc.,
  • Distributed Database System with Mathematical
    Approach
  • Salvatore T. March, University of Minnesota
  • Collective Communication Issues
  • Sudha Ram, University of Arizona
  • Heterogeneous Distributed Database Systems with
    Technical Approach

32
Featured Researcher Database
  • Sudha Ram, Professor
  • Eller College of Business and Public
    Administration
  • The University of Arizona
  • Tucson, Arizona
  • EDUCATION Ph.D. from the University of Illinois
    at Urbana-Champaign
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE Semantic Modeling
  • Semantic Interoperability
  • Knowledge Management

33
Database
Sudha Ram Won Kim Peter Pin-Shan Chen E. F.
Codd Salvatore March
34
Researchers Economics/Decision Science (DSS)/OR
  • Eric Brynjolfsson, MIT
  • IT and the structures of markets and firms,
    impact of IT investments on productivity and
    business value.
  • Morris Cohen, University of Pennsylvania
  • Three dimensional concurrent engineering for the
    design of products, processes and supply chains.
  • Hau Lee, Stanford University
  • Supply chain mgmt., manufacturing/distribution
    strategy
  • James Marsden, University of Connecticut
  • Management of information, DSS, legal issues.
  • Haim Mendelson, Stanford University
  • IT and time-based competition in financial markets

35
Featured Researcher Economics/Decision Science
(DSS)/OR
  • Eric Brynjolfsson, Professor
  • Sloan School
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Cambridge, MA
  • EDUCATION Ph.D., Managerial Economics, MIT
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE How IT transform the
    structures of markets and firms.
  • The impact of IT investments on
    productivity and business value.
  • How the Internet affects commerce and
    information goods.

36
Economics/Decision Science (DSS)
Eric Brynjolfsson Hau Lee Morris
Cohen Haim Mendelson James Marsden
37
Researchers Information Retrieval, Artificial
Intelligence and Knowledge Management
  • Herbert A. Simon, Carnegie Mellon University
  • AI, psychology, economics
  • Gary Marchionini, University of North Carolina
  • Information seeking, digital libraries
    human-computer interaction,, information design,
    information policy
  • Gerard Salton (1927-1995), Cornell University
  • Natural-language processing, information
    retrieval
  • Hsinchun Chen, University of Arizona
  • Digital libraries, knowledge management,
    multi-lingual and distributed information
    retrieval
  • Thomas Davenport, University of Texas at Austin
  • Knowledge management

38
Featured Researcher Information Retrieval,
Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Management
  • Herbert A. Simon
  • Computer Science and Psychology
  • Carnegie Mellon University
  • Pittsburgh, PA
  • EDUCATION Ph.D. in political science at the
    University of Chicago
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE From computer science to
    psychology, administration, and economics. The
    thread of continuity is his interest in human
    decision-making and problem-solving processes,
    and the implications of these processes for
    social institutions. He makes extensive use of
    the computer as a tool for both stimulating human
    thinking and augmenting it with artificial
    intelligence.

39
Information Retrieval, Artificial Intelligence
and Knowledge Management
Gary Marchionini Thomas Davenport Hsinchun
Chen Gerard Salton Herbert Simon
40
Researchers E-Commerce
  • Linda Applegate, Harvard University
  • Influence of info technology on markets and
    organizations
  • Alok Gupta, University of Connecticut
  • Internet users demand characteristics on-line
    auctions
  • Ravi Kalakota, Georgia State University
  • Next generation of business models for E-commerce
  • Andrew Whinston, University of Texas at Austin
  • E-commerce impact on business processes
  • Vladimir Zwass, Fairleigh Dickinson University
  • Editor-in-Chief International Journal of
    E-Commerce

41
Featured Researcher E-Commerce
  • Andrew B. Whinston, Professor
  • Center for Research in Electronic Commerce
  • College Graduate School of Business
  • University of Texas at Austin
  • Austin, Texas
  • EDUCATION Ph.D., Management, Carnegie Mellon
    University
  • AREA(S) OF EXPERTISE E-commerce impact on
    business protocols and processes, organizational
    structure corporate networks electronic
    publishing electronic education

42
E-Commerce
Ravi Kalakota Linda Applegate Andrew
Whinston Vladimir Zwass Alok Gupta
43
Key Controversies
  • Academic legitimacy.
  • Legitimacy of MIS as an academic discipline is
    not established.
  • Methods and methodologies.
  • Natural science v. social science background of
    researchers
  • Survey methodology.
  • Case study research.
  • Multiple methodologies and methods.
  • System-building approach.

44
Conclusion
8 13 14 10 2
11 7 7
13 9
45
Conclusion
  • Field is well balanced
  • Rigor/Relevance Axis is centered and slightly
    skewed toward relevance, indicating a good
    balance between Rigor and Relevance.
  • Behavioral/Technical Axis is bi-modal, indicating
    that the discipline is split between the
    behavioral and the technical.
  • Existing/Emerging Axis is evenly distributed
    across the fields showing a balanced portfolio of
    subjects.

46
The End
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