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The Inter-War Years

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Title: The Inter-War Years


1
The Inter-War Years
  • America Between WWI and WWII
  • 1920s Politics

2
WWI is over... Now what?
3
Who would you vote for in 1920?
Warren G. Harding
James M. Cox
4
James M. Cox - Democrat
  • Former President Wilson was a Democrat
  • WWI
  • Wants to continue involvement in Europe

5
Warren G. Harding - Republican
  • Wants a return to normalcy
  • Misses the good ol days of America prior to
    WWI
  • Wears a bowtie

6
  • Who gets your vote?

7
Who wins the 1920 Election?
Harding wins 404-127
8
1920s Politics
  • Warren G. Harding Elected President in 1920
  • Runs on Campaign of a Return to Normalcy
  • Isolationism
  • Recession
  • Nativism
  • Fear Following WWI

9
Scandalous!
  • President Harding appoints several friends known
    as the Ohio Gang to cabinet positions
  • Charles Forbes steals millions from the Veterans
    Bureau
  • Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall and the
    Teapot Dome Scandal
  • President Harding dies suddenly of a heart attack
  • Calvin Coolidge becomes President

10
Isolationism, Anarchism, and the Red Scare
  • Americans begin fearing foreigners, especially
    Communists
  • These fears lead to Nativism, and the Emergency
    Quota Act of 1921

11
Emergency Quota Act of 1921 Immigration Act of
1924
  • Severely restricted the amount of immigrants
    allowed in America, especially from certain
    places like Eastern Europe (Communists)
  • Had no restrictions on Latin America and Canada

12
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13
Nativism the KKK
  • Many Americans were fearful of those who were not
    like the majority
  • Groups like the KKK attacked minorities and
    others through terror tactics and political
    actions
  • Many foreigners, especially anarchists were
    jailed, deported, or executed

14
Trial of Nicola Sacco Bartolomeo Vanzetti
  • Two Italian immigrants are arrested for robbery
    and murder in Massachusetts
  • With little evidence and a biased judge, the two
    are convicted
  • After 6 years of appeals, they are put to death

15
Disarmament The Kellogg-Briand Act
  • At the Washington Conference in 1921 Britain, the
    U.S., and Japan agree to limit the size of their
    navies
  • Kellogg-Briand Act signed by 15 nations on August
    27th, 1928
  • Called for an end of war as an instrument of
    national policy
  • Still a binding international law

16
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17
The Return of Laissez Faire
  • Less regulation on economy by Government
  • Example Meat Inspection Act /The Jungle
  • Unions lose power
  • Stock market reaches new highs
  • Farmers suffer from overproduction

18
1920s Politics
  • Laissez-Faire
  • Support Business
  • Less Government Regulation
  • Unions Suffer
  • Stock Market
  • Fear of Europe
  • WWI
  • Kellogg-Briand Act
  • Anti-Immigration Acts
  • Sacco-Vanzetti Trial
  • Disarmament
  • Corruption
  • Tea-Pot Dome Scandal
  • Ohio Gang

19
The Roaring 20s - Did it really roar??
  • Jazz - Harlem Renaissance
  • Prohibition
  • Isolationism
  • Womens Rights
  • Stock Market Crash
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