Celebration of 20 Years of Internet in South Africa The Politics, Why it Happened the Way it Did, and Why at Rhodes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Celebration of 20 Years of Internet in South Africa The Politics, Why it Happened the Way it Did, and Why at Rhodes PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 732239-ZTgxZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Celebration of 20 Years of Internet in South Africa The Politics, Why it Happened the Way it Did, and Why at Rhodes

Description:

Title: Celebration of 20 Years of Internet in South Africa 24 November 2011 The Politics, Why it Happened the Way it Did, and Why at Rhodes Author – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:52
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 14
Provided by: Thati
Learn more at: http://www.ru.ac.za
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Celebration of 20 Years of Internet in South Africa The Politics, Why it Happened the Way it Did, and Why at Rhodes


1
Celebration of 20 Years of Internet in South
AfricaThe Politics, Why it Happened the Way it
Did, and Why at Rhodes
  • byMike Lawrie
  • Former Director, Rhodes University Computing
    Center
  • 24 November 2011

2
Overview
  • University Politics of the 1980s
  • generally
  • Rhodes
  • National Politics of the 1980s
  • Apartheid regime
  • Rhodess approach
  • International Politics of the 1980s
  • Comprehensive Anti-apartheid Act 1988
  • IT at Rhodes in the 1980s
  • Why did it happen at Rhodes?

3
University Politics of the 1980s
  • Friction between IT Services and Computer Science
  • very little of this at Rhodes
  • IT Services mostly driven by the needs of the
    Administration
  • not so at Rhodes
  • research computer installed in Nov 1965

4
National Politics of the 1980s (1)
  • The apartheid regime was entrenched since 1948
  • TV news was State controlled
  • citizens were brainwashed
  • Info Scandal brought down the PM, BJ Vorster
  • Minister Stoffel Botha given powers to
    arbitrarily ban media
  • Weekly Mail, South, New Nation
  • PW Botha was ursurped by FW de Klerk in 1989
  • change was in the air

5
National Politics of the 1980s (2)
  • 90- 180-Day Detention Laws
  • some Rhodes staff and family arrested
  • Four universities were known as anti-apartheid
    universities
  • Rhodes, Wits, UCT, UND
  • campus spies were said to abound
  • Phones were tapped

6
National Politics of the 1980s (3)
  • Why did no-one stop the link?
  • newspapers had been banned
  • communications being sent from an anti-apartheid
    entity
  • at least one story of police atrocities was sent
    via the early email link in cleartext
  • any tapping would have picked this up
  • were those in authority so busy shredding
    documentary evidence of their wrongdoing that
    they did not bother with us at Rhodes?

7
International Politics of the 1980s (1)
  • CAA of 1988 made dealing with SA very difficult
  • eg could not buy Cisco routers
  • South African representation barred from
    international conferences and international
    bodies
  • some loopholes opened for Rhodes
  • The licence for the SPSS package was withdrawn

8
International Politics of the 1980s (2)
  • When email started flowing, many folk in the USA
    bent over backwards to help us
  • The name of the university opened several doors
    for me personally

9
IT at Rhodes in the 1980s (1)
  • Focus was on Research and Academic IT
  • Never enough funds
  • Several departments were independent of the IT
    Services
  • A sense of unity among computer users from the
    various departments
  • Networking expertise was a strength of the IT
    Staff

10
IT at Rhodes in the 1980s (2)
  • Shoestring means were found to extend the
    network to homes around the town
  • High standards were set
  • 99.99 showed that something was broken
  • My approach was that no student was going to be
    able to say that s/he was not allowed to use the
    computer nor to use email
  • some academics did not like the distraction that
    this caused
  • very few students abused the system
  • I endeavoured to attract the brightest students
    by means of privileged Vac projects

11
IT at Rhodes in the 1980s (3)
  • It was simply a fantastic environment, and I was
    privileged to be part of it.

12
Why did it happen at Rhodes?
  • The mainframe computer could handle a variety of
    network protocols
  • We had network skills
  • We were prepared to try and not give up
  • cant was not acceptable, the word was how
  • It seemed as if it would be useful
  • We rode our luck
  • donated equipment and software
  • Pat Terry and Randy Bush
  • the state of national politics

13
Thank you for listening
About PowerShow.com