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THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS By: Bu Britie

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... main substance that contained by living things body. 2/3 parts of living ... discharge process of waste substance from inside the body ... Mouse 2. Wooden ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS By: Bu Britie


1
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS By
Bu Britie
2
  • THINGS

LIVING THINGS
NON LIVING THINGS
3
LIVING THINGS
  • The characteristic of living things are
  • a. Need for food and water
  • b. Need oxygen to breath
  • c. Respond to stimuli
  • d. Reproduce
  • e. Grow and develop
  • f. Excrete waste
  • g. Need certain temperature
  • h. Move
  •  

4
1. Requiring water, and food
  • Water main substance that contained by living
    things body. 2/3 parts of living things body is
    water. Water is the temperature regulatory of
    living things body.
  • Food main source of energy for supporting the
    life

5
  • All organisms need energy to stay alive. They
    also need materials to make the living matter in
    the cells of their bodies. Organisms gain the
    energy and materials they need from their food
  • Non living things do not required nutrition.

6
2. Requiring Oxygen to breath
  • Oxygen main substance is needed by living thing
    for respiration process

7
Respiration
  • Respiration is the process of breaking up food
    to gain energy.
  • Chemistry reaction of respiration
  • Food oxygen energy
    carbon dioxide

  • water
  • C6H12O6 O2
    energy CO2 H2O

8
3. Receive and respond to the stimulus /
iritability
  • By using the senses, living things can receive
    and respond the stimulus
  • Animals and plants are sensitive to changes in
    their environment. They often react to these
    changes in ways which are beneficial to
    themselves
  • Example If you smell something un pleasant or
    touch something very hot, you immediately move
    away from it.

9
  • Stimulus is the external factor that comes from
    the environment and received by living thing.
  • Respond is the react from the living thing to the
    stimulus
  • Sensitivity or irritability is response of living
    organisms to a stimulus

10
4. Reproduction
  • Reproducing is one of the manners for getting
    new generation.
  • All organisms are able to reproduce. In
    reproduction some charactheristic are passed from
    parents to off spring.

11
  • Generative Reproducing ( sexual reproducing
    )is the reproducing started by fertilization
    process

12
  • Vegetative reproducing ( asexual reproducing )
    is the reproducing not started by fertilization
    process.
  • Examples
  • -budding
  • -fission
  • -Fragmentation
  • -parthenogenesis

13
Budding
14
Fragmentation/ regeneration
  • Body piece grow to whole body
  • Example Phylum Platyhelminthes
  • Class Turbellaria

15
Fission
  • Phylum Cnidaria
  • Class Anthozoa

16
Phartenogenesis
  • If the new generation comes from the egg without
    started by fertilization process.
  • Example Honey bee

17
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18
5. Grow and Develop
  • Growing is permanent increase in the mass and
    volume an organism.
  • Example -Small change up to big
  • Short change up to long
  • The body of an organisms can change and become
    larger in size. It can also become more complex.

19
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20
  • Developing is the change process of living
    thing.
  • Example menstruation in woman
  • produce sperm in man

21
6.EXCRETION
  • Excretion is the discharge process of waste
    substance from inside the body.

22
7. Adaptation to the Environment
  • Adaptation is an effort of living thing for
    making the suitable condition with the
    environment. Example need certain temperature.
  • Adaptation
  • divided into Morphology adaptation
  • Physiology adaptation
  • Behavioral adaptation

23
8. Movement
  • It easier to detect movement in animals than in
    plants. The movement of organisms is independent
    of external forces such as wind or water
    currents.
  • Most animals are able to move from one place to
    another. Such movement is termed locomotion.
    Example Horse runs
  • But, some animals do not have the power of
    locomotion. For example, corals and sponges are
    fixed to one place. However, they can still move
    parts of their bodies.

24
  • Plants move
  • Most plants are unable to carry out locomotion
    buat parts of the plants are always moving
    slowly.
  • The flowers of plants slowly open, and their
    shoots ben towards light as they grow.

25
EXERCISE
  • Now, I ask you to observe the living organisms
    around you. Compare them with non living things.
    Write down a list in a table like this

26
Identify the following things based on the
characteristics of the living things
Things Living Non-living Characteristics
1. Mouse
2. Wooden table
3. Snail
4. Mango fruit
5. Whiteboard
6. Fungus
7. Virus
27
DO THIS EXERCISE WITH YOUR DESKFRIENDYOUR TIME
IS 30 MINUTES
28
Thank you for your attention
  • and
  • see you TOMORROW
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