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Challenges, Opportunities and Use of Digital Libraries in Bangladesh


Title: Automation and Digitization of BIISS Library Author: A.K.M. NURUL ALAM Last modified by: mmr Created Date: 10/16/2014 5:13:11 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Challenges, Opportunities and Use of Digital Libraries in Bangladesh

Challenges, Opportunities and Use of Digital
Libraries in Bangladesh
  • Presented byMd. Mostafizur Rahman, Ph.D.
    University Librarian
  • North South University

What is a Digital Library (DL) ?
  •, DELOS, DL Researchers, Practitioners
    Software Developer produced a Digital Library
    Reference Model which defines a digital library
  • A potentially virtual organization, that
    comprehensively collects, manages and preserves
    for the long depth of time rich digital content,
    and offers to its targeted user communities
    specialized functionality on that content, of
    defined quality and according to comprehensive
    codified policies. (Candela, 2011,
  • Google 191,000 results (0.34 seconds)
  • Term Definition of Digital Library 

Development of Digital Library in the country
  • Two strategies are needed to develop DL in the
  • 1. To digitize local content, and
  • 2.To devise options for accessing external
  • Types Digital Resources
  • a. Born digital Content that is created in a
    digital format,
  • b. Digitizing Information that has been
    converted from physical medium, e.g. paper,
    film, rare sources etc.
  • Mode of Access to Resources
  • a. Subscription (access to external contents)
  • b. Free or Open Access
  • c. Agreement/Exchange
  • d. Digitization of Local Content

Historical Background of DL in BangladeshA.
Digitized Local Content
  • Customized Software
  • 2002 National Library and Archives digitized the
    District Records Collected from 1760-1900 onto
    1000 DVDs
  • 2003 North South University (NSU) Library has
    been developing e-journals, e-books afterward
    e-theses, news-clippings full-text online Digital
    Repositories by using customized software in
    MySQL and PHP platform, developed by NSU Library
    Students of NSU
  • 2008 Daffodil International University (DIU)
    developed Institutional Repositories (IR) by
    Bright Soft (Malaysia)
  • 2014 Bangladesh Central Public Library built
    online Digital Repositories of 1169 books by
    using customized software
  • 2015 Bangladesh Secretariat Central Library
    developing its all Govt. Gazettes, reports (3 lac
    pages) by using customized software.

Journal Articles Online Database (DL) of NSU
Open Source Software
  • 2005 ICDDR,B Library developed IR by Dspace
  • 2007 BRAC University (BRACU) Bangabandhu
    Shaikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) Library
    developed Institutional Repositories (IR) by
  • 2010 East West University (EWU) Library
    developed IR by Greenstone
  • 2010-2014 Shahjalal University of Science
    Technology (SUST) Independent University
    Bangladesh (IUB), Rajshahi University of
    Engineering Technology (RUET) , Bangladesh
    University of Professional (BUP), Eastern
    University, (EU), Patuakhali Science Technology
    University (PSTU) etc. developed IR by Dspace or
  • B. Accessing External Contents (Subscription/Open
  • 2002 NSU subscribed Jstor, IEEE, ACM 39 titles
    of online Journals and BRAC University subscribed
  • 2003 IUB subscribed Jstor, after that other
    libraries started subscription to online journals

Digital Library (DL) Education and Training/
Workshop in Bangladesh
  • 2004 North South University (NSU) Library
    offered Certificate Course in Digital and Online
    Librarianship and 150 library professionals
    others completed this course till today,
  • 2011 Dept. of Information Science Library
    Management, University of Rajshahi introduced
    Digital Library course in Masters level,
  • 2012 Dept. of Information Science Library
    Management, University of Dhaka introduced
    Digital Library System course in Masters level,
  • 2004 NSU Library organized workshop on Role of
    online resources in higher education research,
    after that many institutions and organizations
    organized training workshop on DL , e.g. BALID,
    BRACU, EWU, DIU, ICDDRB, Library Association of
    Bangladesh etc.

HEQEP Projects on Automation Digitization of
  • Ten projects on Library Automation and
    Digitization have been implemented/ implementing
    in Bangladesh.
  • 1st Round Four (NSU Library, KUET Library, SUST
    Library BSMMU Library)
  • 2nd Round Two (BUET Library, CVASU Library)
  • 3rd Round Four (DU Library, SAU Library, RU
    Library, BAU Library)

Challenges of Digital Library (DL) in Bangladesh
  • Lack of Leadership
  • Lack of knowledge of decision makers about the
    benefits of DL
  • Lack of skill manpower to develop DL
  • Lack of fund to develop DL
  • Selection/customization of DL software
  • Lack of infrastructure
  • Low speed of Internet
  • Insufficient budgets and skill manpower to
    sustain DL
  • Inadequate training facilities on DL

Opportunities of Digital Library
  1. No physical boundary
  2. Round the clock availability
  3. Multiple access
  4. A better structured approach
  5. Excellent facilities for information retrieval
  6. Easier preservation and conservation
  7. Economy of space required
  8. Access facilities for other DL (networking)
  9. Less cost (initial cost very high)
  10. Easily accessible and save time

Level of Satisfaction and Expectations of
Teachers Students on Digital Resources
Available in Some Public Private Universities
in Dhaka City
  • Duration of Survey 9-11 March 2015

Method of User Survey
  • Method Structured Questionnaire
  • Sample Size 3 Public and 2 Private
    Universities in Dhaka City
  • Number of Questionnaire Distributed 175
  • (NSU 75, DU 30, BUET 25, IUB 25, SAU 20)
  • Number of Questionnaire Received 129
  • (NSU 50, DU 30, BUET 16, IUB 17, SAU 16)
  • Number of Digital Resources in Survey
  • E-Journal Databases 43
  • E-Book Databases 12
  • N.B North South University (NSU), Dhaka
    University (DU), Bangladesh University of
    Engineering Technology (BUET), Independent
    University Bangladesh (IUB), Sher-e-Bangla
    Agriculture University (SAU)

  • Respondents of Survey Questionnaire
  • 1. Teacher 17.06 Student 82.94
  • 2. Male 59.68 Female 40.31
  • 3. Age Group
  • 0-25 Y 54.26 26-35 Y 31.78
  • 36-45 Y 10.85 Above 45 Y 3.10
  • 4. Qualification
  • HSC 60.46 Graduate 23.25
  • Masters9.30 Ph.D./M.Phil 6.97

  • 5Q. Are you familiar with internet resources?
    Yes 98.44 No 1.55
  • 6Q. Did you use online digital resources?
  • Yes 96.12 No 3.87
  • 7Q. Use of online books
  • Frequently 51.93 Seldom 22.48
  • Rarely 10.87 Never 14.72
  • 8Q. Use of online journals
  • Frequently 27.20 Seldom 27.90
  • Rarely 15.50 Never 19.37

9Q. Purpose of Using Online Resources
Purposes of Using Online Digital Resources No of Respondents Rank
Prepare Assignment 71 1st
Up-to-date yourself 65 2nd
Writing research proposals, reports, articles etc. 62 3rd
Internal or External Presentation 55 4th
Primary research 50 5th
Consulting, advising others 20 6th
Teaching 16 7th
Any other (please specify) 7 8th
10Q. Problem of Using Online Resources
Problems of Using Online Digital Resources No of Respondents Rank
Slow Internet speed 59 1st
Number of computer is insufficient in the library 42 2nd
Link does not work properly 36 3rd
Do not have remote access facilities 16 4th
Do not know how to browse and download resources 13 5th
Any other (please specify) 7 6th

11Q. Rank of Using Online Journals (Total
Database 43)
Name of Journal Database No. of Respondents Rank Name of Journal Database No. of Respondents Rank
1. JSTOR 34 1st 12. OARE 11 10th
2. Oxford Journals Press 33 2nd 13. American Inst. of Physics 11 10th
3. Cambridge Journals 20 3rd 14. Emerald 10 11th
4. IEEE 20 3rd 15. Royal Society Journals 10 11th
5. Wiley Online Library 18 4th 16. ASAB Engineering 8 12th
6. HINARI 16 5th 17. APS Journals 8 12th
7. AGORA 15 6th 18. Chochrane Library 6 13th
8. Taylor Francis 15 6th 19. EBSCO 6 13th
9. Annual Review 14 7th 20. Nature Pub. Group 6 13th
10. ACM Digital Lib. 13 8th 21.OSA Journals 6 13th
11. Springer 12 9th 22. Symposium Journals 5 14th
N.B. Number of response on the rest 21 online journals databases are below 5 to nil. N.B. Number of response on the rest 21 online journals databases are below 5 to nil. N.B. Number of response on the rest 21 online journals databases are below 5 to nil. N.B. Number of response on the rest 21 online journals databases are below 5 to nil. N.B. Number of response on the rest 21 online journals databases are below 5 to nil. N.B. Number of response on the rest 21 online journals databases are below 5 to nil.
12Q. Rank of Using Online Books (Total Database
Name of Books Database No. of Respondents Rank Name of Book s Database No. of Respondents Rank
1. Oxford University Press 33 1st 7. Springer 16 7th
2. McGraw Hill 32 2nd 8. Emerald E-book Series 13 8th
3. Pearson 27 3rd 9. Europa World Plus 9 9th
4. AGORA 23 4th 10. Agropedia 8 10th
5. HINARI 20 5th 11. OARE 7 11th
6. Taylor Francis 17 6th 12. Project MUSE 5 12th
Level of Satisfaction13Q. How much the
existing online digital resources meet your
Level of Satisfaction No. of Respondents Rank
Meet the Requirements 26-50 51 (39.53) 1st
Meet the Requirements 51-75 38 (29.45) 2nd
Meet the Requirements 0-25 30 (23.25) 3rd
Meet the Requirements Above 75 10 (7.75) 4th
14Q. Expectations of the Teachers Students
  • 1. More Computers in the Library
  • 2. More Internet Speed
  • 3. Wi-Fi Facilities
  • 4. Training on Using Internet Resources
  • 5. Link with other resources of Bangladeshi
    universities (i.e. Digital Libraries of
    Bangladeshi Universities in One Platform)
  • 6. More Digital Resources, e.g.
  • i. Worldwide astronomical and astrophysical
    research Journals (http//
  • ii. Elsevier journals

  • BdREN is connected to several international
    research communities in Asia Pacific, Europe and
    North America, via the Trans-Eurasia Information
    Network 3 (TEIN3) and Internet2.
  • BdREN Members
  • 31 public and 1 private (NSU) universities in
    Bangladesh as well as national and international
    research bodies. In total, the institutions have
    a student population of about 10,000 and over
    5,00 faculty members and researchers.


Regional/ International Gateway
Governing Body (Trust)
BbREN Secretariat
External Liaison Body
BdREN Portal
Planning Development Wing
UDL Consortium (Digital Resources accessing from
external content)
Consulting, Training Support Services Wing
Infrastructural Development
Coordination Body
Digital Library (Local Content) (Digitization of
all resources availalabe in Bangladeshi
Promotional Body
Negotiation Body (Subscription Price)
Red Color indicates new component of BdREN
Model of BdREN
  • 1.Governing Body This Policy Making Authority
    will be consisted of UGC Chairman (Chair of the
    Body), Government Policy Makers, Educationists,
    Scientists, IT professionals, Librarians,
    Researchers, BdREN Secretariat
  • (Current name is BdREN Trust)
  • 2. BdREN Secretariat Office of the BdREN under
    the umbrella of UGC

  • 3. Wings of BdREN
  • A. Planning Development Wing
  • i. Infrastructural planning development of
  • ii. Digitization of all valuable resources
    available in university libraries in Bangladesh
    without violating copy right act,
  • iii. Develop a platform common for all digital
    resources of Bangladeshi universities and link it
    to the national, regional international
    information super highway,
  • iv. Expand the BdREN activities among the nation
    and gradually regional to international

  • B. UDL Consortium Wing
  • Governance
  • a. Coordinating Body Policy making authority
    about consortium (already exist),
  • b. Negotiation Body Selecting resources and
    negotiating subscription price with the
    publishers or aggregators (already exist). This
    body will study of user satisfactions
    expectations of resources,
  • c. Promotional Body It will arrange workshop,
    seminar, training, campaign (out reach) (with the
    help of BdREN training wing) for academicians,
    library professionals, researchers, students, and
    also liaison with national, regional
    international consortia for getting access to
    more resources by signing of memorandum,
    agreement, exchange or free of cost.

  • C. Consulting, Training Support Services Wing
  • a. Consulting This wing will provide free
    consulting services to members for their ICT
    infrastructural development ,
  • b. Training This wing will arrange training on
    ICT and related area of BdREN activities for
    producing skills manpower sustainability of
    development ,
  • c. Support Services This wing will provide all
    kind of support services to members running the
    BdREN component smoothly.

Findings of Survey
  • 1. Existing online journals books are meeting
    26-50 and above requirements of 76.73
    teachers and students of the university,
  • 2. Most of the teachers and students are facing
    problem of having access to online resources
    because of slow internet speed and insufficient
    number of computers,
  • 3. Usage of 50 online journals and books are
    good but the rest of them are under used.
    However, more necessary online journals and books
    are required for the respondents, e.g. Elsevier
    Journals, Worldwide astronomical and
    astrophysical research Journals etc.
  • 4. Training on Using Internet Resources are
  • 5. Building BdREN portal to link with available
    resources of all Bangladeshi universities (i.e.
    Digital Libraries of Bangladeshi Universities in
    One Platform)

  • 1. HEQEP may set up an e-resources access centre
    like North South University Library with all
    modern facilities of using online digital
    resources in all public and private universities,
  • 2. UGC Digital Library (UDL) Consortium should
    subscribe more digital resources for enhancing
    quality of education and research of the
    teachers, researchers and students of the
  • 3. Proposed Planning and Development Wing of
    BdREN should take initiative to develop Digital
    Library (digitize local content) with all
    valuable resources available in the Bangladeshi
    universities and bring them in platform common
    online (BdREN portal),
  • 4. Proposed Consulting, Training Support
    Services Wing should arrange more training on
    ICT skills development and Information Literacy
    for teachers, researchers, librarians officials
    of the universities,
  • 5. Proposed Liaison Body of BdREN will
    communicate with regional and international
    academicians researchers for building a common
    study research platform with Bangladeshi
    academicians researchers for exchanging their
    ideas. Their libraries may sign an agreement with
    Bangladeshi libraries for resources sharing to
    explore their information resources in study and
  • 6. The Library Association of Bangladesh and
    BALID should come forward to establish National
    Digital Library Platform for building digital

Thank You
Presented byMd. Mostafizur Rahman,
Ph.D. University Librarian North South
University Bashundhara, Dhaka-1229 www.northouth.e