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The Civil Rights Movement

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Title: The Civil Rights Movement Author: EEH14024 Last modified by: Scott Hausdorf Created Date: 3/25/2010 2:30:09 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Civil Rights Movement


1
The Civil Rights Movement
2
Slow Beginnings
  • Herman Talmadge
  • Governor (1948-1951)
  • After his fathers death, the General Assembly
    selected him to replace his father, bring back
    the white primaries was his plan.
  • Opposed integration of schools, expanded the
    school year to 9 months
  • Implemented GAs first state sales tax
  • Money was used to improve public school systems

3
Benjamin E. Mays
  • Distinguished African American minister, scholar,
    and activist, lifelong educator
  • President over Morehouse College
  • Emphasized
  • The inherent dignity of all
  • Differences between ideals America and actual
    practices in American society
  • MLK used his ideas to further the CRM
  • Founded Omega Psi Phi Fraternity
  • First African American school board president in
    Atlanta

4
Brown v. Board of Education
  • A group of young people trying to attend school
    in Topeka, Kansas and were denied.
  • In 1954, the US Supreme Court ruled that schools
    must be desegregated (segregation was
    unconstitutional)
  • This ruling helped launch the modern civil rights
    movement

5
1956 Georgia Flag
  • In 1955, John Sammons Bell (GAs Democratic Party
    Leader) wanted to change the GA flag to
    incorporate the St. Andrews Cross (Confederate
    Battle Flag)
  • In 1956, the General Assembly voted to change the
    flag
  • People received this change as a statement
    against the Brown v. Board decision
  • This move was seen as a recognition of GAs Civil
    War past.

6
Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Principal leader of the modern CRM
  • He was a clergyman and advocate for non-violent
    protest
  • Attended Morehouse College
  • Began career after the arrest of Rosa Parks
  • African Americans boycotted the buses after Ms.
    Parks arrest
  • Took risk to his own safety and that of his
    family to progress Civil Rights for all
  • Delivered the I Have A Dream speech.
  • Assassinated by James Earl Jones.

7
MLK continued
  • MLK led and participated in marches and protests
    calling for equal rights for all
  • Believed many problems were caused the economic
    inequalities in society
  • Killed by an assassin in Memphis, TN in 1968
  • January holiday commemorates his birthday

8
The Civil Rights Movement
  • SNCC
  • Sibley Commission
  • Integration of UGA
  • Albany Movement
  • March on Washington
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

9
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
  • Group grew out of the Southern Christian
    Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • Encouraged young people (both black and white) to
    use peaceful protest to gain equal rights
  • Sit-ins
  • Freedom riders
  • Protested by riding on segregated buses

10
Sibley Commission
  • 14 member committee, gathered information about
    how people felt about desegregation
  • Founded by Governor Ernest Vandiver
  • Report decreased resistance against desegregation
  • Most Georgians would rather close schools than
    integrate
  • Desegregation finally began in GA in the late
    1960s

11
African Americans enter UGA
  • Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes were the
    first blacks admitted to UGA in 1961
  • The Hunter-Holmes building at UGA is named after
    them, and it was the site of their registration

12
Albany Movement
  • The goal of this movement was to desegregate the
    Albany, Georgia region
  • The groups involved
  • SNCC
  • Youth Council of the NAACP
  • Baptist Ministerial Alliance
  • Federation of Womens Clubs
  • Negro Voters League
  • Led by Dr. William Anderson

13
March on Washington
  • Site of the famous I Have a Dream speech by
    MLK, Jr.
  • Five goals of march
  • Meaningful Civil Rights laws
  • Massive federal works program
  • Full and fair employment
  • Decent housing, the right to vote
  • Adequate integrated education

14
Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Created by JFK, signed by Lyndon Johnson
  • Three main provisions
  • Guaranteed equal voting rights
  • Prohibited segregation in public places
  • Banned segregation by trade unions, schools, and
    employers involved in interstate commerce or
    business with the federal government

15
Lester Maddox
  • Once restaurant owner, who removed African
    Americans from his place of business.
  • Became governor of GA in 1967
  • Because he was popular with Georgians who favored
    segregation, many feared he would return
    widespread segregation to the state
  • Requested huge police presence at MLK, Jr.s
    funeral which kept many blacks from attending

16
African Americans Take Office
  • In 1973, Maynard Jackson was elected the first
    African American mayor of Atlanta- the first in a
    major southern city
  • Jackson encouraged a number of Affirmative Action
    programs
  • Expanded the Atlanta Airport and was mayor
    leading up to the 1996 Olympics.

17
Andrew Young
  • An aide to Martin Luther King, Jr. during the
    Civil Rights Movement
  • Served as an executive director of the Southern
    Christian Leadership Conference
  • First African American from Georgia to be elected
    to Congress since the 1860s.
  • UN Ambassador for Jimmy Carter
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