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World War I, Influenza, Women

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World War I, Influenza, Women s Suffrage 1914-1920 WWI WWI took place in Europe between 1914-1918 WWI started over Austria-Hungary competing for land with Russia ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War I, Influenza, Women


1
World War I, Influenza, Womens Suffrage
  • 1914-1920

2
WWI
  • WWI took place in Europe between 1914-1918
  • WWI started over Austria-Hungary competing for
    land with Russia and Serbia
  • The US entered the war in 1917
  • Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey
  • Allied Powers England, France, Italy, Russia,
    then the US entered on this side

3
WWI and Washington State
  • US entered war when Germany sank passenger ships,
    killing Americans
  • About 75,000 Washington men were drafted into the
    army this was the start of the Selective
    Service Act (Draft)
  • Many Washington farms provided food for the
    troops
  • German language was banned from being taught in
    schools

4
IWW Against the War
  • Wobblies were against the war because they
    thought it was to enrich big business, not to
    save democracy
  • 1917 Wobblies held strike for an eight-hour work
    day
  • Lumber companies had to comply in order to
    continue their supply of lumber for planes and
    warships

5
Support for the War
6
Government Posters
7
Influenza Pandemic
  • Influenza, characterized by rapid onset and high
    fever, arrived in Boston on August 31, 1918, and
    made its way to Puget Sound the following month
    on a trainload of sick Navy draftees from
    Philadelphia.
  • Spanish Influenza pandemic (worldwide epidemic)
    arrives in Seattle On October 3, 1918
  • 700 cases and one death reported at the
    University of Washington Naval Training Station
    within two days.

8
Influenza in Seattle
  • Some 1,600 persons die in Seattle from October
    1918-April 1919 despite the closing of theaters
    and schools, the banning of public gatherings,
    and the widespread wearing of gauze masks.
  • Third Avenue, Seattle, 1918

9
Influenza Worldwide 1918
  • Throughout the world, at least 21 million people
    died, including some 700,000 in the United
    States.

10
Womens Suffrage Movement
  • Suffrage the right to vote
  • Washington was the fifth state to give women the
    right to vote, 10 years BEFORE the US
    Constitutional Amendment 19 in 1920

11
Womens Suffrage Movement
  • Bellingham Suffragists

12
May Arkwright Hutton
  • A cook in Coeur d Alene, Idaho
  • Met husband and they became rich as mine owners
  • Best known womens activist in Idaho, Washington,
    and Oregon

13
May Arkwright Hutton
  • Idaho women had gained the vote in 1896, and May
    Hutton not only voted, but in 1904 entered
    politics by running as a Democrat for the state
    legislature. 
  • She came within 80 votes of her Republican
    opponent.

14
May Arkwright Hutton
  • When May and her husband moved to Spokane, she
    did not have the right to vote because it was a
    different state.
  • The 1909 convention of the National American
    Woman Suffrage Association was to be held in
    Seattle July 1-6 to coincide with the
    Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition.
  • Washington gave women the right to vote in 1910.
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