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The Russian Revolution

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Title: The Russian Revolution


1
The Russian Revolution
2
Russia-Review
Russia Under the Czars
Byzantine Influence
Mongol Rule
Boyars
3
The Romanovs
  • Autocratic-ruled with unlimited power
  • Resistant to Change
  • Oppressive rule

4
Alexander II 1856-1881
  • Moves Russia toward modernization and social
    change
  • Freed serfs
  • Redistributed land

5
Alexander III 1881-1894
  • Halted all reforms made by his father
  • Discouraged challenges to his rule by
  • Censorship
  • Secret Police
  • Political Prisoners-sent to Siberia
  • Pogroms-Jews

6
Russian Pogroms
  • 1871-1906
  • Widespread anti-Semitism spread from Europe

7
The anti-Semitic violence of the Russian pogroms
drove millions of Jews out of the Russian Empire.
In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, people emigrated
to escape army conscription and ethnic tensions,
such as the forced assimilation of Hungary's
minority groups.
8
Nicholas II Alexandra 1894-1917
  • Economic Growth
  • Industrialization
  • Trans-Siberian Railway
  • Growth of revolutionary movements Why?
  • Russo-Japanese War (1905)
  • 1914 Russia enters WWI

(Nicholas War )
(Russo-Japanese War 123)
9
Review Russo-Japanese War
  • Cause-Imperialism
  • In the late 1800s Russia and Japan were competing
    for territorial control of Manchuria and Korea
  • Both nations signed agreements over the
    territories but Russia violated the treaties and
    Japan attacked (1904).

10
Review Russia and WWI
  • 1914-Czar Nicholas engages Russia into WWI
  • Unprepared to handle the military and economic
    costs
  • Weak troops and generals-lacked modern technology
  • First year-4 million soldiers died
  • Revolts on the home front forced the Czar to step
    down ending 300 years of Czarist rule in Russia

11
Rasputin
  • While Nicholas was dealing with WWI, Rasputin
    became an influential force in Russian policy
    making.
  • Self-proclaimed holy man
  • Mysterious healing powers-Seemed to be the only
    person who could heal the heir to the throne
    (hemophilia)
  • To show gratitude Czarina allowed him to make key
    political decisions
  • Murder 1916 by a group of nobles who feared his
    increasing role in government affairs

12
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13
Rasputin
14
The Rise of the Bolsheviks
  • Warm-Up
  • Briefly describe the demise of the Romanovs.
  • Who was the leader of the Bolsheviks?

15
Todays Special Russian Revolution! Ingredients
Czarist Rule Russo-Japanese War World War I Urban
Workers Peasant Unrest Ideas of Marx Leadership
of Lenin Bloody Sunday
16
Bloody SundayJanuary 22, 1905
Bloody Sunday 112
  • St. Petersburg-Czars Winter Palace
  • 200,000 workers gathered asking for better
    working conditions
  • Czars generals fired on the unarmed crowd
  • More than 1,000 were wounded and several hundred
    killed

17
  • Impact of Bloody Sunday
  • Why were Russians outraged?
  • Led to creation of the Duma-Russias first
    Parliament
  • Dumas intent-Move Russia towards Constitutional
    Monarchy such as Britain.
  • Czar dissolved the Duma after 10 weeks. Why?

   
18
The March Revolution
(1905 Factory Strike 102)
19
The March Revolution
  • March, 1917
  • 200,000 workers called for the Czar to step down
  • Soldiers sided with the protesters-created
    general uprising
  • Czar Nicholas steps down
  • A year later revolutionaries murder Czar and
    family-end of 300 year czarist rule
  • Duma creates provisional government

20
  • Lenin
  • Marxism-ideology that followed ideas of Karl
    Marx. Main idea working class (proletariat)
    would overthrow the Czar and the working class
    would rule.
  • Exiled to Germany-Studies Marxism
  • Returns to Russia-1917 after Czar steps down
  • Leader of Bolsheviks-Bolsheviks a radical
    revolutionary group who were willing to sacrifice
    everything for change
  • Motto Peace, Land, Bread

Lenin the Bolsheviks 226
21
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22
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23
Bolshevik RevolutionA.K.A. The November
Revolution
  • November 1917-armed factory workers overthrew
    provisional government
  • Within days, Lenin and Bolsheviks seized power
  • Lenin redistributed all farmland to the peasants
  • The Bolshevik Government signed a treaty with
    Germany (Brest-Litovsk) and Russia withdrew from
    WWI
  • Bolsheviks murdered the Royal family

Lenin Takes Control 501
24
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25
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26
Changes
Lenins Rebuilding of Russia 236
  • Lenin restores Russian economy (NEP New Economic
    Policy-peasants could sell surplus crops, some
    private ownership, and encouraged foreign
    investment)
  • Rename Bolsheviks the Communist Party
  • Rename Russia-USSR (Soviet Union)
  • Lenin has stroke (1922)
  • Power struggle between Leon Trotsky and Joseph
    Stalin
  • Stalin wins and rules as dictator

27
Title Stalin
Stalin and Communist Dictatorship
28
Totalitarianism
  • A government that takes total, centralized, state
    control over every aspect of public and private
    life.
  • Key traits of a totalitarianism
  • Ideology
  • Dynamic Leader
  • Dictatorship and One-Party Rule
  • State Control of Society
  • Modern Technology
  • Methods of Enforcement
  • State Control of Individuals

29
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30
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31
JOSEPH STALIN
  • Rise to Power
  • Between 1922 and1927 worked his way to head of
    govt. Used ruthless tactics.
  • Gets rid of rival Trotsky
  • Eliminates all other enemies
  • Builds a totalitarian state
  • Women gain equal rights

32
  • 5 Year Plans- plans to increase HEAVY industry-
    quotes too high leads to shortages!
  • Collective Farms Cause resistance among Kulaks
    (wealthy farmers) but SOME increase in
    agriculture
  • Great Purge 1934- eliminates anyone who
    threatens his power- uses terror.
  • Forced Famine in Ukraine- crush resistance to
    collectivization- 7-10 million die!

33
Stalins Legacy

Stalin 2128
  • By the mid-1930s, Stalin transformed the Soviet
    Union into a political and industrial giant.
  • Command Economy-government made all economic
    decisions
  • He stood unopposed as dictator of his
    totalitarian state
  • Total social control was achieved by terror
  • Goes down in history as one of the worlds worst
    tyrants (kills millions of Russians whom he sees
    as a threat)
  • Many believe that Stalin was paranoid-schizophreni
    c
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