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UNITED NATION ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE First meeting of regulators from South East European countries

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UNITED NATION ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE First meeting of regulators from South East European countries Technical regulation in the Republic of Moldova – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UNITED NATION ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE First meeting of regulators from South East European countries


1
UNITED NATION ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR
EUROPE First meeting of regulators from South
East European countries
  • Technical regulation
  • in the Republic of Moldova
  • Aurelia Alexandrova, Deputy Heard of
    General
  • Standardization Division,
  • Department of Standards
  • and Metrology
  • Ljubljana
  • 8 June 2004

2
  • Oficial dates
  • about Republic of Moldova
  • Oficial name Republic of Moldova
  • Population 4228,9 thousand
  • Capital Chisinau, over 750 thousand
  • Political system The President,
  • Government, Parliament

3
Moldavian Trade Volume with Balkan Countries
4
Moldavian Export-Import in Albania
  • Export

Import
5
Moldavian Export-Import in Bulgaria
Export
6
Moldavian Export-Import in Bulgaria
Import
7
Moldavian Export-Import in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Export Import

8
Moldavian Export - Import in Croatia
  • Export Import

9
Moldavian Export-Import in FYR of Macedonia

Export Import
10
Moldavian Export-Import in Serbia and Montenegro
Export Import
11
Moldavian Export Import in Romania
Export
12
Moldavian Export Import in Romania
Moldavian Export Import in Romania
Export
13
Moldavian Export Import in Romania
Import
14
Moldavian Export-Import in Slovenia
Export Import
15
Restrictions of Trade between Moldova and South
East Europe Countries
  • The following trade barriers are known
  • A high level of competitiveness on the world
    market
  • Sanitary, fitosanitary and ecological
    restrictions
  • Strict observance of packaging standards
  • Appliance of old technological processes and
    standards by Moldavian companies, which prevents
    them from producing goods that would meet the
    requirements of the market
  • High requirements to the quality of products
  • The fact that Moldova is not famous on the world
    market
  • Lack of trade delegations for promoting the image
    of the country and informing producers about
    conditions of access to the markets of countries
  • Low purchasing capacity of Moldavian population
  • Not corresponding of national standardization
    systems and conformity assessment system
    international requirements
  • Cultural, linguistic and demographic conditions

16
Factors, Which Have Defined Priorities of Moldova
in Field of Technical Regulation
  • 1. Moldova is member of WTO (on May, 8 2001, in
    Geneva it was signed the report on the
    introduction of Republic Moldova in WTO).
  • 2. Orientation of Moldova for integration in EU
    (It is signed the report between the Republic of
    Moldova and EU about partnership and
    co-operation).
  • 3. Necessity of promotion of Moldavian export in
    EU and Central and the East Europe countries.
  • 4. Maintenance of Moldavian export markets
    in NIS countries.
  • 5. Protection of Moldavian market from the
    inappropriate production imported in Republic
    Moldova.

17
Stakeholders in Technical Legislation
  • Quality infrastructure
  • National Standardization System
  • National Standardization Body
  • Technical Committees
  • Standardization services.
  • National Metrology System
  • -National Metrology Body
  • -Metrology services.
  • National System of Conformity
  • Assessment of products
  • -National Body of Conformity Assessment of
  • products
  • Conformity assessment bodies (26 Body of
  • certification products 2 Body of Services
    certification
  • 2 Body of certification of Quality
  • Managements Systems 2 Inspection Body
  • 156 Test laboratories).
  • Accreditation System.

Ministries (legislator), Responsible for
development of technical regulations
Market surveillance
Industry and trade
Consumers
18
Legal and Normative Framework in Moldova for
Technical Regulation Development
  • Law on Standardization
  • Establishes legal, social, economic and
    organizational basis of standardization, is
    stated the term technical regulation and period
    for transition to the voluntary application of
    standards.
  • Law on Technical Barriers to Trade
  • Establishes juridical bases for elimination of
    technical barriers to trade during the process of
    the development, adoption and application of
    technical regulations, standards and conformity
    assessment procedures and notification
    obligations during development of technical
    regulation and procedures of an estimation of
    conformity .
  • Law on Products Conformity Assessment
  • Establishes requirements to structure of
    technical regulation, introduction of the modular
    approach for the varies phases of the conformity
    assessment procedures and minimal requirements to
    notifies bodies for work in regulated area.

19
Legal and Normative Framework in Moldova for
Technical Regulation Development
  • The Government Decision on Transition to the
    Voluntary Standardization
  • Establishes central authorities
    (ministries, departments and agencies),
    responsible for development of technical
    regulations in specific areas. Department of
    Standardization and Metrology coordinates the
    activity related to technical regulation
    development.
  • Mandatory standards of National Standardization
    System
  • Moldavian Standard SM 1-13 Principals and
    methodology of standardization. Technical
    regulation. General principles
  • Establishes the general principles of technical
    regulation development, requirements for the
    basic structural elements of technical
    regulation, the responsibility during
    development.
  • Moldavian Standard SM 1-17 Principals and
    methodology of standardization. Rules and
    procedures of notifications preparation in
    conformity with Agreement on Technical Barriers
    to trade
  • It is developed according to Recommendations of
    World Trade Organization notification
    requirements.

20
Rules for the National Adoption of ISO, IEC, EN
Standards and of National Standards of the Other
States as Moldavian National Standards
  • Mandatory standards of National Standardization
    System
  • Moldavian Standard SM 1-12 Principals and
    methodology of standardization. Adoption of
    international standards in Moldavian standards
    (according to Guide ISO/IEC 211999)
  • Moldavian Standard SM 1-20 Principals and
    methodology of standardization. Order of
    application of other states normative documents
    in Republic Moldova
  • Moldavian Standard SM 1-21 Principals and
    methodology of standardization. Adoption of
    European standards in Moldavian standards

21
The Responsibility During Development of
Technical Regulation
  • Role of Ministries
  • Development of technical regulation
  • Implementation of EU Directives
  • Export promoting
  • Withdrawal conflicting regulation
  • Implementation of standards
  • Technical regulations-referred standards
  • Role of Department of Standardization and
    Metrology
  • Coordination the activity of technical regulation
    development
  • Standardization development Technical work
  • Affiliation to ISO membership

22
Technical Regulation in Moldova
  • In the Republic of Moldova the following
  • are considered as technical regulations
  • Legislations acts, Decrees of the President and
    Decision of the Government, containing
  • requirements for products
  • Normative acts of public authorities, in whose
    competence is establishing mandatory requirements
    for products
  • Medical standards, medical and biological
    requirements, sanitary norms, sanitary and
    hygienic norms and rules
  • Norms and rules in construction field
  • Norms and rules in field of environment, energy,
    transport, and telecommunication
  • Norms and rules in field of industrial security
  •  Norms and rules in field of labour safety
  • Other documents with mandatory technical
    requirements in respective field.
  • Technical regulation objects to which obligatory
    demands can be applied
  • Products
  • Processes of production
  • Operations
  • Storage
  • Transportation
  • Marketing
  • Utilization

23
National Program on Technical Regulation
Development (over 74 technical regulations)
Horizontal technical regulations

General product safety (Directive 2001/95/EC)
Liability for detective product (Directive
85/374/EEC)
  • The priority of technical regulations
  • Safety of main group of food staff
  • Safety of main group of industrial products
  • Sanitary veterinary norms for milk and
  • meat products
  • Safety on tobacco and tobacco articles
  • Norms and rules in transport field
  • Safety of pharmaceutical products
  • Safety of cosmetic products
  • Safety of textile
  • Labelling of food and industrial products
  • Packing

Modules for the various Phases of the
conformity Assessment procedures (Directive
85/374/EEC)
24
Main Problems Impeding Regulatory Work on
National and Regional Level
  • 1. Insufficient experience in development of
    technical regulations which transposes EU
    Directives.
  • 2. Insufficient experience in identifying the
    essential requirements (There is a necessity of
    experts, which would be able to specify
    requirements for each group of products. But it
    is also important the knowledge of
    standardization bases, the knowledge of
    conformity assessment for each group of products,
    knowledge of horizontal technical regulations) .
  • 3. The necessity to improve the Conformity
    Assessment System of Products (its necessary to
    apply conformity assessment procedures based on
    modular approach, the technical regulation body
    must develop technical regulations for groups of
    products, which would set essential requirements,
    procedures of conformity assessment and market
    surveillance. Conformity Assessment bodies must
    switch to the conformity assessment procedures,
    which are established in technical regulation).
    These and other problems in Moldova will be
    realized on the basis of the Law on Products
    Conformity Assessment, which was applied in
    January, 2004 and now replaces the Law on
    Certification which was in force.
  • 4. The language barriers in applying
    International and European standards, as well as
    European directives.
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