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1st Semester Literary Terms (Short Stories Unit) 2012-2013

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1st Semester Literary Terms (Short Stories Unit) 2012-2013 English 9 * Section #1 Plot The sequence of events that make up a story. Conflict The struggle between ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1st Semester Literary Terms (Short Stories Unit) 2012-2013


1
1st Semester Literary Terms(Short Stories
Unit)2012-2013
  • English 9

2
Section 1
3
Plot
  • The sequence of events
  • that make up a story.

4
Conflict
  • The struggle between
  • opposing characters
  • and/or forces.

5
Protagonist
  • The central character
  • whose conflict sets the
  • plot in motion.

6
Antagonist
  • A character or force that
  • acts in opposition to the
  • protagonist.

7
Exposition
  • The early part of the story that
  • establishes the
  • setting, introduces the
  • characters, and provides
  • important background
  • information.

8
Rising Action
  • The action and events in a
  • story that move the plot
  • along by adding
  • problems.

9
Climax
  • The turning point in a story
  • when a dramatic event
  • happens that will change
  • the outcome.

10
Falling Action
  • The events or actions that
  • occur after the storys
  • climax which tie up loose
  • ends.

11
Dénouement / Resolution
  • Final part of the story in
  • which the conflicts are
  • solved and the
  • story is closed.

12
Section 2
13
Static Character
  • A character that remains
  • unchanged.

14
Dynamic Character
  • A character whose
  • actions/thoughts/feelings
  • are changed by events.

15
Flat Character
  • A character who is
  • described more simply /
  • less information is given
  • than others.

16
Round Character
  • A character described
  • with many personality and
  • physical traits.

17
Characterization
  • Methods used to describe
  • and develop characters by author.

18
Indirect Characterization
  1. Physical appearance of a character
  2. His/her own speech, thoughts, feelings, or
    actions
  3. Speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of other
    characters about a character.

19
Direct Characterization
  • Direct comments
  • (narration) about a
  • characters
  • personality by the
  • author

20
Section 3
21
Stereotyping
  • Categorizing or judging
  • people using one or few
  • traits.

22
Fiction
  • Writing with imaginary elements.

23
Non-fiction
  • Writing about real people, events, and places.

24
Irony
  • A contrast between appearance and reality.
    Reality is the opposite from what it seems.

25
Situational Irony
  • The contrast between what a reader/character
    expects and what actually exists or happens

26
Dramatic Irony
  • The audience/reader knowing something important
    that a character in a play/story does not know.

27
Verbal Irony
  • Occurring when someone knowingly exaggerates or
    says one thing to mean another.

28
Short Story
  • -Shorter than a novel
  • -Read in one sitting
  • -One main conflict

29
Foreshadowing
  • Using hints or clues to suggest events and
    situations that will occur later in the plot.

30
1st Person Point of View
  • The narrator is a character in the story.
  • Uses I

31
3rd Person Omniscient
  • Narrator knows thoughts and feelings of ALL
    characters.

32
3rd Person Limited
  • Narrator knows thoughts and feelings of ONE
    character.
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