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S C Gupta GM (Biofuels) Indian Oil Corporation Limited


Jatropha Plantation on Revenue Wastelands S C Gupta GM (Biofuels) Indian Oil Corporation Limited Indian Oil Corporation Limited Contents Initial Developments in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: S C Gupta GM (Biofuels) Indian Oil Corporation Limited

S C Gupta GM (Biofuels) Indian Oil Corporation
  • Jatropha Plantation on Revenue Wastelands

Indian Oil Corporation Limited
  • Initial Developments in Biodiesel
  • Biodiesel Initiatives of IndianOil
  • Development of Structure
  • Projects
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Systems Documentation Technology
  • Major issues concerns
  • Support required
  • Conclusion

Initial Developments in Biodiesel
  • Planning Commission report (2003) suggested
    Jatropha curcas as a potential feedstock for
    Biodiesel production
  • A National Biodiesel Mission launched by Planning
    Commission to meet the 5 biodiesel requirement
    of India
  • MoPNG declared Biodiesel Purchase Policy on 9th
    Oct, 05 w.e.f . 1.1. 06
  • It laid emphasis on Standard Quality (as per BIS
    Spec) Uniform Price (Rs. 26.50 / Litre) Setting
    up of 20 Purchase Centres by Oil PSUs Assured
    Market to Farmers Entrepreneurs
  • Utilization of wasteland for feedstock

  • Biodiesel Initiatives of IndianOil

Development of Structure
  • Biofuels Business Development group created
  • Business modeling for Biodiesel activities
  • Corporations Article of Association suitably
    amended for
  • agricultural activities
  • A pilot project in Madhya Pradesh (Jhabua
    district) launched
  • A JV company formed in Chhattisgarh with CREDA
    for development of feedstock in the state

IndianOil Biofuels Projects
  • Objective Production of 30 MMTPA of Biodiesel
  • (Model Captive Jatropha Plantation on 30,000
    ha of revenue wasteland)
  • Joint Venture Company with Chhattisgarh Renewable
    Energy Development Authority (CREDA) with 74
    stake to IndianOil IndianOil CREDA Biofuels
  • Plantation completed on about 4200 hectares in

Uttar Pradesh
  • Objective Production of 35 MMTPA of Biodiesel
  • (Model Jatropha Plantation on 50,000 ha of
    panchayat wasteland )
  • IndianOil Ruchi Biofuels LLP incorporated this
  • Plantation commenced in Jhansi Lalitpur (2010)
  • Major project funding from MNREGS through Jeevan
    Jyoti Yojana (JJY) of GoUP

Project activities- Chhattisgarh
Nursery Site, Raipur
Pit digging, Bilaspur
ICBL Plantations in Chhattisgarh
IndianOil Biofuels Projects
Madhya Pradesh- Pilot Project
Objective To assess possibility of revenue land
based commercial Biodiesel unit and develop
benchmarks for plantation costs and output
(Model Captive plantation on 2000 ha of revenue
wasteland )
1 year old Jatropha plants in Jhabua
Plantation completed on about 300 hectares of
land in Jhabua
System Standardization
  • Jatropha Agri Techniques Manual
  • Manual designed to standardize
  • Jatropha plantation and best practices
  • Energy crop Plantation Documentation Module
  • Standardization of execution, monitoring and
  • management of plantation activities
  • Technology GPS
  • GPS employed for area calculation and mapping
  • Measurement and verification of land area against
    revenue records

CSR Activity
  • 5 Cattle health checkup camps held in Jhabua
  • 18 villages covered in 2 medical camps organized
    in Newra Bhamu in district Bilaspur,

Cattle Check up camps
Medical Camps
Major Issues Concerns
  • Land Availability
  • Certified High Yielding Varieties
  • Plant Health
  • Availability of labor
  • Irrigation
  • Costs
  • Logistics
  • Harvesting

Major Issues Concerns
  • a. Land
  • Available revenue wasteland is less than reported
  • Significant portions encroached, under forest
    cover, diverted etc.
  • Many plots unfit due to poor soil depth, steep
    slope etc
  • To meet estimated 5 blending requirement by
    2017, approx. 3 million ha will have to be
    brought under cultivation
  • Formation of compact clusters difficult due to
    small scattered plots
  • b. Uncertainty in Yield
  • Nation wide survey of existing plantations in six
    climatic zones seed yield varying from 350 to
    1700 gm /plant
  • Non availability of certified planting materials
  • c. Plant Health
  • Jatropha, contrary to earlier reports of hardy
    nature, is prone to disease and infestations.
    Remedial actions add to the plantation costs

Major Issues Concerns
  • d. Availability of labour
  • Getting labour in adequate nos. in the plantation
    season is difficult since it coincides with that
    of sustenance food crops.
  • e. Rainfall/irrigation
  • Availability of water in marginal lands is
    limited and expensive
  • f. Costs
  • Actual cost of plantation is higher than
  • Major Contributors to increase in costs
  • Irrigation
  • Costs of Agri-inputs
  • Labour rate No of Mandays

Major Issues Concerns
  • g. Logistics
  • High logistics cost due to small scattered
    plots - non formation of clusters
  • h. Harvesting
  • The staggered ripening pattern of Jatropha fruits
    also adds to the harvesting costs
  • Diversion of produce after harvesting could occur
    initiator may not get its due

Support Required
  • High yielding certified seed / planting material
  • Dedicated Government Financial Support
  • Allotment of funds to promote Energy Crop
  •  Nil VAT/ST on Biodiesel Portion of blended
  • Direct investments by Corporates to be treated as
    RD expense / CSR activity
  • Waste Land Allotment Policy Integrated
    (revenue cum forest) wasteland allotment policy

To Conclude
  • Massive mobilization of resources is essential
    for meeting NPB 2017 target
  • Promotion of Biofuels has multiple
    advantagesEnergy security Sustainable rural
    employment / development Environment benefits
  • Commercialization will require long term
    commitments and government support
  • Extensive RD for - yield improvement new
    feedstocks new technologies etc
  • With govt. support and coordination with all
    players in RD, agriculture, RD, forest,
    logistics, processing and marketing Biofuels can
    achieve its goal

Thank You
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