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Indian Removal


Indian Removal Act President Jackson pushes Congress to force Indians to move west of the ... why is the US government forcing the Native Americans to move off ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indian Removal

Indian Removal
  • Westward Expansion

  • Land Ordinance 1785
  • N/W Ordinance 1787
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • Lewis/Clark Expedition
  • War of 1812
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Adams Onis Treaty
  • Trail of Tears
  • Missouri Compromise

Other factors?
  • INFRASTRUCTURE ie roads, canals, etc
  • Cumberland/National Road
  • Erie Canal
  • INNOVATIONS ie steamboat, railroad

Jefferson, Jan. 1803
  • The Indian tribes residing within the limits of
    the U.S. have for a considerable time been
    growing more more uneasy at the constant
    diminution of the territory they occupyIn order
    peaceably to counteract this policy of theirs,
    two measures are deemed expedient. First, to
    encourage them to abandon hunting, to apply to
    the raising stock, to agriculture and domestic
    manufacture Second  to multiply trading houses
    among them place within their reach those
    things which will contribute more to their
    domestic comfort.

Indian Removal Act
  • President Jackson pushes Congress to force
    Indians to move west of the Mississippi
  • Congress established Indian Territory (now
    Oklahoma) as the new Indian homeland
  • US govt creates Bureau of Indian Affairs

John C. Calhoun-Sect. of War
One of the greatest evils to which they
(Indians) are subject is the incessant (constant)
pressure of our population.
  1. According to John C. Calhoun, why is the US
    government forcing the Native Americans to move
    off of their homelands?
  2. What is wrong with this statement?

Cherokee Indians/5 Civ. Tribes
  • Lived peacefully in the Appalachian Mountains of
    Georgia and Tennessee
  • Adopted culture of whites - wrote and spoke
  • Had own written language and newspaper
  • Based their government on the U.S. Constitution

Cherokee Sue For Land
  • Cherokee sued the government of Georgia for
    taking their land
  • Worcester vs. Georgia - Supreme Court rules
    Georgias actions are illegal and that the
    Cherokee can stay

President Andrew Jackson
Chief Justice John Marshall has made his
decision. Now let him enforce it.
  1. What is wrong with this statement?

Trail of Tears
  • Georgia govt. smashes in Cherokee printing press
  • US troops move 18,000 Cherokee at gunpoint 800
    miles from 1838-1839
  • 25 of Cherokee died - most elderly and children

(No Transcript)
Primary Sourcing
  • Break into groups of FOUR
  • Address the following documents as a group-answer
    the Focus Questions
  • Facilitator, Background, Connector, Summerizer
  • 40 Minutes

  • US government forced Native American tribes to
    live in certain areas called Indian Reservations
    Not the best land Indian Appropriations Act of
  • In exchange for living on the reservation, tribes
    were often
  • paid some money called an annuity.
  • The annuities were usually not very much money
  • Government did not always pay them on time
  • Native Americans usually had to spend their money
    buying food and supplies from white American
  • Dawes Act of 1887-parcels of land

Kill the Indian, Save the Man
  • Assimilation process of one group of people
    being "absorbed" into another's culture
  • Goal of assimilation policy for all Native
    Americans to live behave like white Americans
  • Tools to achieve assimilation
  • Boarding schools for Native
  • American children
  • Killing bison (their main food source)
  • Missionaries to introduce Christianity

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TREATIES!...that dont work
  • http//
  • http//
  • Omaha Creek
  • Kansas Muscogee
  • Lakota Navajo
  • Pawnee Mohawk
  • Arapaho Oto/Missouri
  • Cheyenne Shawnee
  • Banncock Seminole
  • Sioux Witchetaw