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The Era of Good Feeling

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Title: The Era of Good Feeling Author: Danielle McNamara Last modified by: mdwyer Created Date: 1/28/2009 7:06:04 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Era of Good Feeling


1
The Era of Good Feeling
  • 1815-1824

2
The Election of 1816
3
The Election of 1820
4
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5
The Virginia Dynasty
  • Monroes cabinet - a difference in Political
    attitude?
  • John Quincy Adams a bulldog among spaniels
  • John C. Calhoun Southern WarHawk
  • Other appts include N S, E W, Feds. Repub.
  • Monroes Goodwill Tour (not since Washington),
    greeted by Feds and Repub., era of good feeling
    had arrived

6
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7
Rush Bagot Agreement,Convention of 1818
  • .

8
The First Seminole War and The Adams-Onis Treaty
  • Early 1800s, Spains colonies in Latin America
    were declaring their independence ---Adams begins
    secret negotiations with Luis de Onis
  • Georgia residents vs. Seminole Indians
  • Seminoles crossing border, raiding American towns
  • Andrew Jackson crossed over into E. Florida,
    BUT ALSO began seizing Spanish forts
  • Reactions of Americans and Euroepeans to
    Jacksons actions were mixed
  • Secretary of States Adams ultimatum to Onis
  • Control Seminoles or cede E. Florida, 1819

9
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10
The American System
  • War of 1812 convinced many of the need to
    support a stronger federal government
  • Henry Clay, Nationalist
  • National Bank --- to have a standard, sound
    currency, no longer rely on different printed
    notes by each State bank
  • Protective Tariff 25 duty on imports to help
    industrial development
  • National Transportation System Link North,
    South, and West manufacturers and farmers
    expand white settlement and trade in West

11
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12
Uh-oh trouble for the good feeling
  • 1818 economic prosperity in all areas of
    country
  • manufacturers borrowed money from state banks to
    finance new companies equipment expens
  • Western settlers borrowed money to purchase land
    to build a home land prices soared
  • Banks loan money freely, not checking borrowers
    credit history
  • Does this sound familiar???

13
The Panic of 1819
  • 2nd Bank of US ordered state banks to demand
    repayment of all loans they had given out
  • Also required State banks to exchange their notes
    for gold/silver
  • Chain reaction of bank failures, foreclosures,
    depression
  • Bank of US was blamed!!!!
  • How did the Industrial Revolution contribute to
    the Panic of 1819?

14
The Compromise of 1820
  • Why the need for it?
  • After failed attempt at Tallmadge Amendment - no
    slavery in MO the gradual elimination of
    slavery
  • Henry Clay, The Great Compromiser

15
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16
The Election of 1824 The Corrupt Bargain
  • Election made up of a crowded field of regional
    favorites 5 Republicans
  • No candidate won majority
  • of electoral votes

17
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18
John Quincy Adams Term
  • 1 hugely unpopular term
  • More Famous before term
  • Tariff of 1828
  • a.k.a. Tariff of Abominations
  • Goal to protect industry in NS from British
  • S harmed- had to pay higher prices on goods they
    did not produce
  • Less cotton Britain could afford
  • V.P. Calhoun proposed theory of nullification

19
The Election of 1828 Birth of Jacksonian
Democracy
1828 Election Electoral Votes Popular Votes
Andrew Jackson 178 647,286
John Quincy Adams 83 508,064

56
44
A BRUTAL CAMPAIGN 1st to resemble Modern day
election process
20
Discuss
21
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Old Hickory
  • The Democratic Party Party of the People
    Coalition- explain
  • Universal White Male Suffrage
  • Jacksons troubled past?
  • Early year life
  • Hatred of British
  • The scandal involving Rachel
  • A dueler
  • Lover of the Indians? adopted Indian boy

22
The Peoples President
23
Inauguration Party at my House!!!!
24
Peggy-Eaton Affair
25
Webster Hayne Debate
  • Became a debate about states rts vs. national
    power
  • Webster Liberty and Union, now and forever
    indispensible
  • Jackson Our Federal Union it must be preserved
  • Calhoun The Union next to our liberty most dera

26
Jacksons Policy on Native Americans
  • barrier to the waves of population and
    civilization rolling westward
  • for their own protection,so their white
    brothers will not trouble them
  • Indian Removal Act (1830)
  • Removal of indians to Indian territory in OK
  • Supposed to be voluntary, but pressure put on
    leaders to sign treaties
  • 2nd Seminole War (1835-1842)
  • forced removal of seminole indians from Florida

27
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28
The Indian Removal Act
  • In your small groups, read the Act and discuss
    and each of you are write up 5 main points that
    Congress is making in this document.
  • http//www.civics-online.org/library/formatted/tex
    ts/indian_act.html
  • Locate a map of the Trail of Tears to look at
    together, and
  • Discuss and list the ramifications of these
    policies for
  • Native Americans
  • Legacy of Andrew Jackson
  • U.S. History broadly

29
Native American Policy Cont.
  • USSC case, Worcester v. Georgia
  • Disobeyed order of Georgia militia to leave land
    argued GA had no power over Indian lands
  • The Supreme Court found in favor of Worcester and
    thereby the Cherokee Native Americans (read
    opinion of case)
  • Chief Justice Marshall has made his decision,
    now let him enforce it, Andrew Jackson
  • The Trail of Tears Read article, answer
    questions

30
The Trail of Tears
31
Jacksonian Democracy
  • The Spoils System his Kitchen Cabinet
  • The Nullification Process
  • - Tariff of 1832 further outraged Southerners
  • - As creators of federal govt, states had
    right to nullify
  • any acts they found
    unconstiutional
  • - Compromise of 1833 lowered rates of tariffs
    over 10
  • year period
  • Jacksons War with the Bank VETO POWER
    USED!!!!!
  • Saw it as a monopoly, feared paper money
  • Henry Clay --- attempts to recharter the bank in
    1832
  • Pet Banks removal of federal funds from 2nd
    bank and put in privately owned banks

32
The National Bank Debate
PresidentJackson
NicholasBiddle
33
The Monster Is Destroyed!
1832 ? Jackson vetoed the extension
of the 2nd National Bank of the
United States. 1836 ? the charter expired.
1841 ? the bank went bankrupt!
34
Specie Circular 1836
  • No more 2nd bank, but now state banks print own
    notes, far more than they have gold to back it
    up
  • Also state banks loan very freely land
    speculation increased.
  • To curb inflation, Jackson makes an executive
    order that to buy future federal land only with
    gold or silver.
  • businesses begin to fail, unemployment rises
  • AND, results in..
  • The Panic of 1837

35
WHIGS OPPOSED JACKSONS USE OF THE EXECUTIVE
POWER!!!
36
DEM Martin Van Buren
37
Van Buren taking Blame
38
The Rise of the Whigs and Election of 1840
  • Disliked Jacksons use of Federal power
  • English party that had worked to limit the power
    of the king
  • Used much of the same anti-elitist rhetoric the
    Democrats had used to gain support (anti-masonry
    movement)
  • 1830s Whig party had trouble unifying behind one
    particular candidate regional division
  • Great Triumvirate Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun,
    Daniel Webster
  • Philosophy
  • Expansion of federal govt power balance bw
    different branches
  • Encouragement of industrial/commercial
    development
  • Cautious over westward expansion, supported
    federal control over it
  • Constituents
  • NE manufacturers and merchants
  • Southern wealthy planters
  • Ambitious farmers and rising commercial class of
    west

39
WHIGS ? William Henry Harrison
40
Tippecanoe, and Tyler,Too!
41
Log Cabin Campaign Pin, 1840
42
Election Results
43
WHIGS ? John Tyler, VPBecomes President after 1
monthInherits Ongoing Economic
Crisis
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