The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare

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Title: The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare


1
The Tragedy of Romeo and JulietWilliam
Shakespeare
  • Introduction to the worlds most famous
    star-crossed lovers!

2
William Shakespeare
  • We know little about his life!
  • What we do know
  • Born in Stratford-upon-Avon
  • in Warwickshire in 1563
  • His father was a glovemaker
  • and wool merchant and his mother,
  • Mary Arden, the daughter of a well-to-do local
    landowner.
  • He married in 1582 to Anne Hathaway, daughter of
    a farmer.
  • The couple had a daughter seven months later and
    twins in 1585. (Suzanna, Judith, and Hamnet)

3
William Shakespeare
  • Began in theater as an actor
  • for Lord Chamberlains Men
  • Was also a stockholder in the company
  • Later, he began to write poetry, creating around
    154 sonnets.
  • He also wrote 37 plays, with his first one
    appearing in 1594. He produced roughly two a year
    until around 1611.

4
Review
  • Shakespeare was born in
  • A London
  • B France
  • C Verona
  • D Stratford-on-Avon

5
Review
  • How many children did Shakespeare have?
  • A 1
  • B 2
  • C 3
  • D 4
  • E 5

6
Review
  • Shakespeares father was an important Politician.
  • A True
  • B False

7
Review
  • Shakespeare began his career as a(n)
  • A Playwright
  • B Actor
  • C Poet
  • D Novelist
  • E Glove-maker

8
The Globe Theater
  • Built in 1599, most of Shakespeares plays were
    performed here.
  • Plays produced for the general public
  • Roofless open air
  • No artificial lighting
  • Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries

9
The Globe Theatre
  • The Globe burned down twice
  • Once in 1613, and again in 1644
  • A replica was built in 1997 and is currently in
    London on the South bank of the Thames river.

10
The Globe Theater
  • Wealthy got benches
  • Groundlings poorer people stood and watched
    from the courtyard- Paid 1 to get in.
  • All but wealthy were
  • uneducated/illiterate
  • Much more
  • interaction than today
  • Yelling, throwing things!

11
Differences from Today
  • No scenery
  • Settings references in dialogue
  • Elaborate costumes
  • Plenty of props
  • Fast-paced, colorful
  • 2 hours!

12
Actorsno actresses
  • Only men and boys
  • Young boys whose voices had not changed play
    womens roles
  • Would have been considered indecent for a woman
    to appear on stage

13
Review
  • Plays at the Globe were produced for
  • A Kings and Queens
  • B Very wealthy people
  • C Common people
  • D Only educated people

14
Review
  • The Globe has no roof over most of it.
  • A True
  • B False

15
Review
  • You can see the original Globe theatre in London
    today!
  • A True
  • B False

16
Review
  • What happened to the Globe theatre?
  • A It burned down
  • B It was torn down by the conservatives who took
    over in the 1600s
  • C Nothing. It is still standing today.
  • D It was abandoned so it eventually fell into
    disrepair and had to be torn down

17
Review
  • What were the common people who paid a penny to
    get in and stand called?
  • A Standers
  • B Peasants
  • C Groundlings
  • D Commoners
  • E Pennypayers

18
Review
  • What were the audiences at the Globe Theatre
    like?
  • A Rowdy and Loud
  • B Calm and Quiet
  • C Mostly Bored
  • D Respectful of the Actors

19
Review
  • Who played women in Shakespeares plays?
  • A Unmarried Women
  • B Married Women
  • C Adolescent Boys
  • D Older Men

20
Shakespeares Plays
  • Three different kinds
  • Comedies
  • Tragedies
  • Histories
  • Written around 1595, Romeo and Juliet is
    considered a tragedy.

21
Tragedy (Shakespearean)
  • Drama where the central character(s) suffer
    disaster/great misfortune
  • In many tragedies, downfall results from
  • Fate
  • Character flaw/Fatal flaw
  • Combination of the two
  • Butthere is also some comedy in the play.

22
Why include comedy in a tragedy?
  • It heightens the contrast
  • It gives the audience an emotional break
  • It diminishes the tension evoked in the tragic
    scenes
  • It delights the audience
  • It adds variety
  • When integrated with the plot, it can
    counterpoint enhance the serious significance

23
What is it called?
  • Comic relief!
  • the introduction of comic characters, speeches,
    or scenes in a serious or tragic work, especially
    in dramas. Comic relief was universal in
    Elizabethan tragedies.
  • M.H.
    Abrams
  • Provides relief from seriousness or sadness
  • Provides contrast from the seriousness throw
    into relief

24
Wheres the comedy?
  • Two renowned comic characters in Romeo and Juliet
    are
  • Mercutio
  • The nurse

25
What makes us laugh?
  • Aside- Words spoken, usually in an undertone not
    intended to be heard by all characters
  • Contrasts
  • Exaggeration
  • Poking fun
  • Puns- Humorous use of a word with
  • two meanings. Sometimes they are
  • missed by the reader because of
  • Elizabethan language.
  • Word play

26
Review
  • Which is NOT a type of play that Shakespeare
    wrote?
  • A Comedy
  • B History
  • C Suspense
  • D Tragedy

27
Review
  • ____________ is a form of drama where the central
    character(s) suffer disaster/great misfortune.
  • A Comedy
  • B Tragedy
  • C Suspense
  • D History

28
Review
  • The downfall of characters in a tragedy often
    results from
  • A Fate
  • B Character Flaw
  • C Neither
  • D Both

29
Review
  • Comic _________ is built in to the play in order
    to diminish tension, delight the audience, and
    provide variety.
  • A Delight
  • B Scene
  • C Relief
  • D Contrast

30
Review
  • Which shows an example of an aside?
  • A A character performs an action on the far left
    side of the stage
  • B A member of the audience stands up and yells
    at the actors on stage
  • C A minor character comes forward and says a
    line
  • D A main character makes a sarcastic comment
    under his breath about another character on stage

31
Blank Verse
  • Much of R J is written in
  • unrhymed verse
  • iambic (unstressed syllable, stressed syllable)
  • pentameter( 5 feet to a line)
  • ends up to be 10 syllable lines
  • This is the same form as Shakespeares sonnets.

32
Prose
  • Ordinary writing that is not poetry, drama, or
    song
  • Only characters in the lower social classes speak
    this way in Shakespeares plays
  • Why do you suppose that is?
  • NowRomeo and Juliet

33
Review
  • Prose is made up of verse (poetry) that has
    iambic pentameter.
  • A True
  • B False

34
Review
  • The upper class characters in the play will be
    more likely to speak in
  • A Blank Verse
  • B Prose

35
Setting of Romeo and Juliet
  • Verona, Italy
  • Mantua
  • 13th 14th Century
  • Rich and Elegant

36
Romeo Our Tragic Hero
  • Romeo Montague
  • 16 years old
  • Only child
  • In love with Rosaline
  • Impulsive
  • Eventually Exiled

37
Juliet The Beautifully Tragic Heroine
  • Juliet Capulet
  • 13 years old
  • Only child
  • Innocent
  • Independent

38
Other Characters
  • Mercutio (Montague)
  • Tybalt (Capulet)
  • Nurse (Juliets Nurse)
  • Paris
  • Friar Lawrence
  • Montague and Lady Montague
  • Capulet and Lady Capulet

39
Minor Characters
  • Escalus, Prince of Verona
  • Samson Gregory
  • Benvolio
  • Friar John
  • Balthasar
  • Abraham

40
Different Types of Characters (Review from short
story unit)
  • Round Characters Characters who have many
    personality traits, like real people.
  • Flat Characters One-dimensional, embodying only
    a single trait
  • Shakespeare often uses them to provide
    comic relief even in a tragedy

41
Different Types of Characters (Review from short
story unit)
  • Static Characters Characters within a story who
    remain the same. They do not change. They do
    not change their minds, opinions or character.
  • Dynamic Characters Characters that change
    somehow during the course of the plot. They
    generally change for the better.

42
Monologues/Soliloquies
  • MonologueOne person speaking on stage. There may
    be other characters on stage too
  • ex . the Prince of Verona commanding the Capulets
    and Montagues to cease feuding
  • Soliloquy Long speech expressing the thoughts of
    a character alone on stage.

43
Review
  • Which of these is not a setting of Romeo and
    Juliet?
  • A Mantua
  • B London
  • C Verona
  • D 13th/14th Century

44
Review
  • What were Juliet and Romeos ages?
  • A 13 and 16
  • B 16 and 19
  • C 13 and 25
  • D 15 and 18

45
Review
  • This type of character changes as a play or story
    progresses
  • A Round Character
  • B Dynamic Character
  • C Flat Character
  • D Static Character

46
Review
  • A soliloquy happens when a character is alone on
    stage, revealing his/her inner thoughts
  • A True
  • B False

47
As we read, look for these!
  • Contrasts. These contrasts include
  • Light and dark
  • Night and day
  • Young and old
  • Love and hate
  • And

48
As we read, look for these!
  • Contrasts (cont)
  • Tragedy and comedy
  • Think also about the contrasts between illusion
    and reality
  • And between the characters
  • Romeo and Mercutio
  • The nurse and Lady Capulet
  • The nurse and Mercutio

49
As we read, look for these! Themes
  • A theme is a central idea or insight about life
  • (which, in a tragedy, explains the downfall of
    characters)
  • Look carefully for the following themes in Romeo
    and Juliet

50
As we read, look for these themes!
  • LOVE causes pleasure and pain.
  • Lustful love, for pleasure
  • Infatuation
  • Pure Love

51
As we read, look for these themes!
  • HATE causes people to do irrational and hurtful
    things.
  • Between Montagues Capulets
  • FATE leads or directs lives.
  • If stars cross couple is doomed
  • Letter never reaches Romeo
  • Fate is against Romeo Juliet

52
Review
  • Which of these is not a theme to look out for in
    Romeo and Juliet?
  • A Friendship
  • B Love
  • C Hate
  • D Fate

53
Foreshadowing(use of symbols to show what
will happen in the future)
  • Prologue tells Romeo Juliet are star-crossed
    lovers
  • Clues that confirm Romeo and Juliet will have an
    unhappy end

54
As we read, look for Symbols
  • POISON
  • -Good/ Evil
  • -Natural substance made lethal by humans
  • -Human society poisons good things
  • -Romeo Juliets love is poisoned

55
Symbols
  • THUMB-BITING
  • -Flicking the thumbnail (insult)
  • -Foolishness of feud between families

56
Mood
  • Love between Romeo Juliet Happy
  • Verona Ugly, harsh, cruel b/c of feud
  • End of Romeo
  • Juliet Tragedy

57
Whew!
  • Now were ready to read!!
  • Any Questions??
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