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ESEA May (or May Not) Get Done This Year What are the big issues? What about Funding?

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Title: ESEA May (or May Not) Get Done This Year What are the big issues? What about Funding?


1
ESEA May (or May Not) Get Done This YearWhat
are the big issues? What about Funding?
  • AASA State Leadership Conference
  • April 29, 2011
  • Bruce Hunter

2
HR 1473 FY11 Appropriations
  • Passed Long-Term CR that theoretically cuts 39
    billion
  • The House passed it 260-167 April 14th
  • 59 Republicans voted against HR 1473
  • 108 Democrats voted against it
  • 35 Tea Party caucus members voted for the bill
    and 21 against.
  • Speaker Boehner was forced to get the support of
    Democrats - 81 House Democrats voted for it
  • Senate passed it 81-19 April 14th
  • Signed by President Obama April 18th

3
HR 1473 Programs Eliminated
  • Education Technology State Grants
  • Javits Gifted and Talented Education
  • Smaller Learning Communities
  • Teach for America
  • National Writing Project
  • Close-Up Foundation
  • Grants to Gulf States LEAs
  • Striving Readers
  • Even Start
  • Literacy Through School Libraries
  • Education Technology State Grants
  • Arts in Education
  • Reading is Fundamental
  • LEAP
  • Byrd Honors Scholarships

4
HR 1473Programs Cut (But Not Eliminated)
  • Tech-Prep -103 million
  • Safe and Drug Free Schools National Programs -79
    million
  • Teaching of Traditional American History -73
    million
  • State CTE grants 31 million
  • State Assessments -20 million
  • GEAR UP -20 million
  • English language Acquisition State Grants -15
    million
  • School Improvement Grants -10 million
  • Comprehensive Centers -5 million
  • Teacher Quality state Grants -5 million
  • ESEA Evaluation -1 million

5
Starting the Budget process for 2012Obama FY12
Budget Proposal
  • Obama FY12 budget proposal released Feb 14
    (2012-13 school year)
  • Despite tight economic times, including
    non-defense discretionary budget freeze,
    education receives historic increases
  • Proposal includes massive restructuring in ESEA
    reauthorization 38 programs consolidated to 11
  • Policy shift toward competitive grants
  • Despite overall increases
  • Title I receives 300 million
  • IDEA received a 200 million increase, falling to
    16.5 instead of the promised 40

6
Obama Budget Proposal
New Authority (change relative to consolidated programs cumulative total) Consolidated Programs
Effective Teachers and Leaders - 447.7 m Ready to Teach Teacher Quality State Grants
Teacher and Leader Innovation Fund 489.4 m Advanced Credentialing Teacher Incentive Fund
Teacher and Leader Pathways 113.9 m School Leadership Teach for America Teacher Quality Partnership Teachers for a Competitive Tomorrow Transition to Teaching
Effective Teaching and Learning STEM 25.5 m Mathematics and Science Partnership
Effective Teaching and Learning Well Rounded Education 20.1 m Teaching American History Academies for American History and Civics Civic Education Close-Up Fellowships Excellence in Economic Education Foreign Language Assistance Arts in Education
College Pathways and Accelerated Learning - 17.3 m Advanced Placement High School Graduation Initiative Javits Gifted and Talented Education
Successful, Safe and Healthy Students Level Funded Alcohol Abuse Reduction Elementary and Secondary School Counseling Foundations for Learning Mental Health integration in Schools Physical Education Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities National Activities
Expanding Educational Options- 37.1 m Charter School Grants Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities Parental Information and Resource Centers Smaller Learning Communities Voluntary Public School Choice
7
FY 2012 BudgetHouse Action - H Con Res 34
  • Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryans (R-WI)
    budget
  • relies on spending cuts to reduce the deficit
  • adopted by a 235-193 vote
  • all but four Republicans supporting it
  • all Democrats opposed.

8
Possible Timeline for ESEA
  • Out of Senate HELP committee by May
  • Through the Senate by June
  • To the President by August
  • Bethany Little, Chief Education staffer, Senate
    HELP Committee
  • 3 small bills 1st one out in May focused on
    increasing funding flexibility
  • James Bergeron, Chief Education staffer, House
    Education and Workforce Committee

9
Which policy direction will ESEA take? Reformers
v. Educators
  • Federal leadership in Equity, Research
    Demonstration
  • Balance local/state federal authority and
    responsibility
  • Federal funds to help build state local
    capacity
  • Low stakes Testing
  • Focus on improving instruction
  • Standardization
  • Federal mandates dictate
  • State as federal enforcer
  • Diminished Local authority
  • Increased Local Responsibility
  • Decreased Local authority
  • High stakes testing
  • Focus on Accountability

10
Which Direction for ESEA policy?
Educators
vs.
Reformers
  • Corporate control model
  • Democrats for Education Reform
  • Education Trust
  • Fordham Foundation
  • Alliance for Excellent Education
  • Aspen Group
  • Gates Foundation
  • Broad Foundation
  • Walton foundation
  • State and Local Leadership Model
  • AASA
  • NSBA
  • NEA
  • AFT
  • CCSSO
  • PTA
  • NAESP
  • NASSP
  • NABSE
  • etc

11
Reform Proposals Demonstrated to be wrong or
have serious Side Effects
  • Top Down Command and Control Policy
  • Test based strategy using weak tests
  • High Stakes Testing (Campbell's Law)
  • Reliance on Punishments for Change
  • Assumption of Adequate Human Resources
  • Combination of high stakes testing and punishment
    crowds out focus on learning and a broad
    curriculum

12
Research Lacking RegardingKey Reform Proposals
  • Performance pay improves instruction and
    therefore student outcomes
  • Test Scores primary tool to evaluate teachers and
    principals
  • Charter schools will lead to improved student
    outcomes
  • Firing teachers improves student outcomes
    persistently low scoring schools
  • Firing principals in every low scoring school is
    essential to improve student outcomes

13
Reauthorization Issues Performance Pay
  • Reformers hold performance pay based on test
    scores as a central tenant of improving
    educational outcomes for low income students
  • Educators are split on performance pay. Many
    administrators like the idea of using performance
    pay to reward excellence and /or staff hard to
    staff schools. Researchers are skeptical as are
    both unions.

14
Reauthorization Issues Evaluation by Test Scores
  • Reformers hold using test scores as the primary
    tool to evaluate teachers as central to improving
    student outcomes by improving teaching
  • Educators are split, many administrators like the
    idea of student outcomes in evaluation, many
    teachers and both unions are very opposed

15
Reauthorization Issues Charter Schools
  • Reformers -charter schools are essential for
    wide scale improvement in student outcomes
  • Educators -some charter schools work as well as
    regular public schools - ought to be a local
    option.
  • Stanford study found that 17 of charters get
    significantly better and that 37 get
    significantly worse results than traditional
    public schools.
  • CREDO, Stanford University, June 2009

16
Reauthorization Issues Assessment
  • Reformers are largely silent on the issue of
    better tests, but the really like having a single
    score for accountability.
  • Educators, including AASA, would like to move to
    tests of critical thinking and application of
    knowledge accompanied by
  • less costly and intrusive summative testing
  • reduction of the emphasis on high stakes and
  • Less emphasis on punishments.

17
State Assessment Consortia
  • Two consortia, representing 44 states and DC.
  • Eleven states belong to both, 6 to neither
  • Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC)
    hosts 31 states and received 160 million
  • Partnership for Assessment of College and Career
    Readiness (PARCC) hosts 26 states and received
    170 million

SBAC SBAC SBAC PARCC PARCC PARCC BOTH BOTH NEITHER
AL MI OR AL KY PA AL NJ AK
CO MO PA AR LA RI CO OH MN
CT MT SC AZ MA SC DE OK NE
DE NV SD CA MD TN GA PA TX
GA NH UT CO MS   KY SC VA
HI NJ VT DC ND   NH   WY
ID NM WA DE NH   BOLD both consortia BOLD both consortia BOLD both consortia
IA NC WV FL NJ   ORANGE RTTT winner ORANGE RTTT winner ORANGE RTTT winner
KS ND WI GA NY  
KY OH   IL OH  
ME OK   IN OK  
18
Reauthorization Issues Assessing Special
Learners
  • Reformers are largely silent on this issue, but
    view educators concerns in these areas as just
    making excuses
  • Educators fair, accurate and instructionally
    useful assessment for ELL and special education
    students is a priority
  • The 2 rule must either be eliminated or made
    sensible.

19
AASA Positions on ESEAOur Heaviest Lift
  • Separating Accountability and Assessment for
    instructional planning One test cant serve two
    purposes
  • Accountability assessments controlled by states
    with broad federal guidelines - growth (value
    added if desired) could use sampling, NAEP, PISA
  • Instructional assessment controlled by school
    districts - measuring growth, by multiple
    methods, that are transparent and provide
    immediate feedback to teachers and administrators

20
Reauthorization Issues Improving Outcomes by
Firings
  • Reformers believe that firing more teachers and
    principals is an important key to improving
    outcomes especially for low income students.
  • Educators are split. Administrators believe that
    test scores are too blunt of an instrument for
    accurate evaluation and that adequate
    replacements are not always available. Teachers
    think firings based on test scores will not be
    fair or wise.

21
Reauthorization Issues Accountability
  • Reformers like everything about NCLBs
    accountability system
  • Educators dont like NCLB accountability -want an
    accountability system that is fair accurate as
    well as valid reliable -100 is impossible if
    the goal is high scores on challenging tests.
    Most educators do like disaggregating the results
    to make problems clearer for policy makers,
    parents and educators.

22
Reauthorization Issues Formula vs. Competitive
  • Reformers want to use competitive grants to force
    compliance. Administration requested an increase
    in the proportion of federal dollars for
    competitive grants.
  • Educators like formula grants - more predictable
    for staffing and long term plans.
  • AASA supports formula grants opposes shift to
    more competitive grants

23
Bullying and Harassment
  • A priority for the Obama Administration
  • Special education
  • Gender
  • Sexual orientation
  • Avoiding new administrative burdens
  • Administration and advocates want more data
  • Cyber bullying legal issues
  • Free speech
  • Off campus
  • Better PD needed but one size does not fit all
  • Local policy improvement if we dont the feds
    will

24
Vouchers
  • FY11 CR includes language to reverse current
    sunset provisions.
  • Both the House and Senate have the votes to
    support voucher provisions, and each chamber has
    introduced a bill to reinstate and expand the DC
    Opportunity Scholarship Program
  • 4 consecutive government reports document the
    lack of reliable, valid academic progress
  • We expect to be fighting vouchers on a regular
    basis in this Congress.

25
Summary
  • The debate between Educators and Reformers in the
    context of ESEA reauthorization is very
    contentious.
  • The administration has sided almost entirely with
    the Reformers
  • The hill is split between Educators and
    Reformers.
  • There are other contentious issues that require
    time for consideration, e.g., formula.

26
Will they finish ESEA this year?
  • Thursdays (3/10/11) meeting included Democratic
    Sens. Tom Harkin of Iowa and Jeff Bingaman of New
    Mexico Republican Sens. Michael B. Enzi of
    Wyoming and Lamar Alexander of Tennessee
    Democratic Reps. George Miller of California and
    Dale E. Kildee of Michigan Kline and Republican
    Rep. Duncan Hunter of California.
  • It was a good general meeting, a good kickoff,
    said Harkin, chairman of the Health, Education,
    Labor and Pensions Committee. We all agreed
    were going to get it done this year, and I think
    there are some principles we all pretty much
    agreed on.

27
Kline and Hunter Issue Joint Statement on White
House Education Meeting (3/11/11)
  • "We appreciate the opportunity to discuss with
    President Obama and our Senate counterparts the
    challenges facing Americas classrooms. Although
    we have our different approaches, everyone agrees
    the current law is broken and in need of repair.
    The status quo is failing both students and
    taxpayers  it is time we reconsidered the role
    of the federal government in our schools. As we
    work to develop reforms that focus on whats best
    for students, parents, teachers, and communities,
    we are engaging our colleagues on both sides of
    the aisle and listening to the concerns of state
    and local education leaders. For the sake of our
    children's future and the strength of the
    American workforce, we must take the time
    necessary to get this right."

28
Obama Vows Not to Cut Education Funding,
Calls for a Rewrite of No ChildBy Lauren
Smith, CQ Staff CQ TODAY ONLINE NEWS March 14,
2011 Updated 401 p.m.
  • As for the presidents proposed timeline, last
    week a bipartisan group of lawmakers from both
    chambers pledged to rewrite the law this year.
  • In reacting to the presidents Monday speech,
    however, Kline cautioned that arbitrary
    timelines could undermine efforts. We need to
    take the time to get this right, he said.
  • The president made a great case today for why we
    need to fix our education law in this country,
    said Rep. George Miller, ranking member on the
    House committee. The status quo is failing our
    students and putting our future, our economic
    stability and our global competitiveness at risk.

I didnt realize the Congress alone could fix our
education laws. The must have powers not
enumerated in the constitution
29
Will they finish ESEA this year?
  • Kline Statement on President Obama's Education
    Speech
  •   WASHINGTON, D.C.  U.S. House Committee on
    Education and the Workforce Chairman John Kline
    (R-MN) released the following statement
    on President Obamas education speech at Kenmore
    Middle School
  • The president's remarks affirm the importance of
    fixing the nations broken education system.  As
    we develop targeted, fiscally responsible
    reforms, the Committee on Education and the
    Workforce continues to work with school officials
    and state and local leaders to learn about the
    tools they need to prepare students for the
    future. We need to take the time to get this
    right we cannot allow an arbitrary timeline to
    undermine quality reforms that encourage
    innovation, flexibility, and parental
    involvement.

30
Will they finish ESEA this year?
  • SENATE MISSES GOAL ON EDUCATION REWRITEThe Hill
    -- April 18, 2011By Ramsey CoxDespite the
    intentions of Senate Health, Education, Labor and
    Pensions Committee Chairman Tom Harkin (D-Iowa),
    the Senate began its recess Friday without
    holding a markup on the overdue reauthorization
    of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    (ESEA).Harkin in January set the goal of having
    a bill ready for markup by our Easter recess.
    Negotiations between key legislators have lagged
    since then, although Harkin and key House members
    say they believe they can still pass a bill this
    year.But neither the Center on Education Policy
    (CEP), a public education advocacy group, nor the
    conservative Heritage Foundation expects success.

31
Will they finish ESEA this year?
  • SENATE MISSES GOAL ON EDUCATION REWRITE
    continued
  • This is the first year Education and the
    Workforce Committee Chairman John Kline (R-Minn.)
    has chaired the panel. One reason the House has
    been delayed is that 12 GOP freshmen joined the
    committee in January and many had to get up to
    speed on the issues.Chairman Kline has been
    working very hard to educate his members, said
    Education and the Workforce ranking member George
    Miller (D-Calif.). It is absolutely critical
    that we rewrite ESEA this year. Our children
    cant afford for us to wait any longer.Rep.
    Duncan Hunter (R-Calif.), the chairman of the
    Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary
    Education subcommittee, said last week I think
    it'll be done this year,. Not as soon as the
    Senate or the president would like it to be, but
    I think it'll be done this year, barring any
    unforeseen circumstances.

32
Will they finish ESEA this year?
  • SENATE MISSES GOAL ON EDUCATION REWRITE
    continued
  • At the same hearing, Kline hinted he might
    introduce the first in a series of
    education-reform bills this one on
    flexibility as soon as next month, meaning
    the House could beat the Senate in passing part
    of the reauthorization, since Harkin is still
    negotiating with his committees Republicans.

33
Questions?
Associate Executive Director Policy advocacy and
Communication American Association of School
Administrators (703) 875-0738bhunter_at_aasa.org
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