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TOM JONES

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Title: TOM JONES Author: FIRAT Last modified by: SAFAK Created Date: 10/18/2010 6:51:55 PM Document presentation format: Ekran G sterisi (4:3) Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TOM JONES


1
(No Transcript)
2
HENRY FIELDING
  • Henry Fielding was born in 1707 to Lieutenant
    George Fielding and his wife Sarah, who was
    herself the daughter of nobility. Socially, the
    family hovered at the edges of high society, but
    they had decidedly middle-class means. Fielding
    lost his mother in 1718, and his father remarried
    just a year later and began immediately to raise
    a new family. That same year Fielding began his
    education at Eton.

3
  • Fielding's life took a major turn in 1734 with
    his marriage to Charlotte Cradock. Fielding loved
    Cradock passionately, and their short life
    together was marked by intense affection and, at
    times, intense misery. Fielding's wife Charlotte
    succumbed to a fever and died. Although Fielding
    remained heart-broken, he eventually married Mary
    Daniel, the faithful housekeeper who had looked
    after him and his first wife even in their
    moments of extreme poverty. This marriage was a
    happy one, but Fielding never stopped loving
    Charlotte, and he would model his two major
    female characters, Sophia and Amelia, on her.

4
  • Finally, due to his devastating health problems
    . leaving behind the children from his second
    marriage, accompanied only by his wife, his first
    daughter Harriet, and two servants, Fielding left
    England in the summer of 1754 and went to
    Portugal. Henry Fielding died on October eight of
    the same year, in Junqueira, near Lisbon.

5
  • The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling was
    published in 1749. Almost every aspect of
    Fielding's own life is apparent in the novel,
    from the love and reverence he had for his first
    wife to his extensive knowledge of the
    Southwestern part of England. Even Tom Jones
    himself clearly shows the markings of Fielding,
    exhibiting the same careless good nature as well
    as a deeply entrenched awareness of poverty and
    the reversals of fortune.

6
  • Tom Jones the novel is a panoramic commentary on
    England in 1745 and it is also the story of Tom
    Jones and Sophia Western. Tom and Sophia are
    rebels revolting against the respectably accepted
    domestic standards of eighteenth century society.
    By such standards Sophia should obey her father
    and Tom should be what Blifil thinks him, an
    illegitimate upstart who ought to be put firmly
    in his place.
  • For the purposes of the plot Fielding makes Tom a
    gentleman. Tom Sophia fight conventional
    society embodied in the character of Blifil. They
    are not passive in their struggle and that is why
    Tom Jones is not a tragedy but comedy.
  • While Blifil is forever on the side of
    conventional respectability. Tom Jones has the
    vigor and spirit at spontaneity. He acts
    naturally and therefore the excesses into which
    his animal spirits lead him are forgiven. Here in
    the novel the natural man and the noble savage
    are pitted against each other. Tom's strength
    lies in the vigor and spontaneity of Tom's
    reactions.

7
  • Fielding's hero Tom Jones is shown as a
    bewildered young man of great health and spirits.
    He has so much life that it amounts for the
    effect of comedy and application of satire equal
    to him having his own mind.
  • Tom Jones is an attractive character quite the
    heroic. But his heroism is tinged with a
    recklessness of youth, which makes him all the
    more believable while he is well meaning he gets
    unintentionally into trouble.
  • Tom Jones has one failing--his wantonness with
    women. He cannot resist them and he has more than
    one affair. While his heart belongs to Sophia
    Western he constantly gives his physical self
    away to the pleasures of love.
  • But ultimately all the goodness in his character
    pays him rich dividends and he is once again made
    the heir at Squire Allworthy's large estate. He
    even manages to get his ladylove in marriage
    (Sophia Western) and she pardons his numerous
    infidelities.

8
  • The plot movement follows the curve of extreme
    high and low. Tom comes on the scene as a
    bastard, his reputation and his hopes are
    progressively blackened until he reaches his
    nadir in London. Here he is kept by Lady
    Bellaston and even accused of murder and thrown
    into jail. There is further misinterpretation of
    his character, when he is accused of incest with
    his supposed mother Jenny Jones.With the exposure
    of Blifils malicious machinations and of Toms
    true goodness his fortune sails to the Zenith of
    romantic happiness. He is proved to be of high
    birth and he marries the girl of his choice and
    he inherits wealth.

9
  • At the end Blifil's treachery is revealed and
    Squire Allworthy realizes rightly the good nature
    of Tom Jones. One cannot condemn Squire Allworthy
    for entertaining doubts about Tom Jones
    previously, as he does get involved in amorous
    relationships with other women. But common to all
    his relationships is that it is always the women,
    who do the running. Another fact to be mentioned
    is that it is only towards the end of the novel,
    that Tom feels himself to be worthy of marriage
    to Sophia.
  • Tom Jones does obtain Sophia eventually and their
    love is finalized in marriage. The blustering
    careless Tom Jones converts into a responsible
    and faithful husband. He is one of the few heroes
    in English literature, who is represented
    realistically as having negative traits, as well
    as positive charms.

10
TOM JONES
  • Tom Jones, Fielding's imperfect and "mortal"
    hero, is the character through whom Fielding
    gives voice to his philosophy of Virtue. In
    contrast to the moral philosophizing of many of
    Fielding's contemporaries, Fielding does not
    suggest that Tom's affairs with Molly Seagrim,
    Mrs. Waters, and Lady Bellaston should reflect
    badly on his character. Rather, keeping with the
    Romantic genre, Fielding seems to admire Tom's
    adherence to the principles of Gallantry, which
    require that a man return the interest of a
    woman. Interestingly, all of Tom's love affairs,
    including his relationship with Sophia, his true
    love, are initiated by the woman in question,
    which is Fielding's way of excusing Tom from the
    charge of lustful depravity.
  • .

11
  • Moreover, the fact that Tom's lovers include a
    feisty, unfeminine wench and two middle-aged
    women suggest that his motives are various. Tom
    also treats women with the utmost respect,
    obliging their desire to be courted by pretending
    to be the seducer even when they are seducing
    him. Tom refuses to abandon Molly for Sophia and
    is plagued by his obligations to Lady Bellaston.
    Nonetheless, Tom's refusal of the tempting
    marriage proposal of Arabella Huntwhose last
    name underscores the fact that Tom is hunted more
    often than he is the hunterindicates that he has
    mended his wild ways and is ready to become
    Sophia's husband. Tom's gallantry reveals itself
    in his relationships with men as well as women,
    however. This spirit is evident in Tom's
    insistence on paying the drinking bill for the
    army men at Bristol, and in his gallant defense
    of himself in the duel

12
  • Sophia Western  -  Sophia Western is Fielding's
    beautiful, generous heroine and the daughter of
    the violent Squire Western. Like Tom, Sophia
    lavishes gifts on the poor, and she treats people
    of all classes with such respect that one
    landlady cannot believe she is a "gentlewoman."
    Sophia manages to reconcile her love for Tom, her
    filial duty to her father, and her hatred for
    Blifil through her courage and patience. Sophia's
    natural courtesy can be contrasted with her Aunt
    Western's artificial manners.

13
Quotations
14
  • I intend to digress, through this whole History,
    as often as I see Occasion Of which I am myself
    a better Judge than any pitiful Critic whatever.
    And here I must desire all those Critics to mind
    their own Business For, till they produce the
    Authority by which they are constituted Judges, I
    shall not plead to their Jurisdiction (chapter
    II of Book I)

15
  • we are obliged to bring our Heroe on the Stage
    in a much more disadvantageous Manner than we
    could wish and to declare that it was the
    universal Opinion of all Mr. Allworthy's Family,
    that he was certainly born to be
    hanged.( Chapter II of Book III)

16
  • Thus a Swarm of foolish Novels, and monstrous
    Romances will be produced to the great Loss of
    Time 3133 in the Reader nay, often to the
    spreading of Scandal and Calumny, and to the
    Prejudice of the Characters of many worthy and
    honest People.(chapter I of Book IX )

17
  • So Sophia found such immediate Satisfaction
    from the Relief of those Terrors she had of being
    overtaken by her Father, that the Arrival of the
    French scarce made any impression on
    her.(Chapter VI of Book XI)

18
  • To paint the Looks or Thoughts of either of
    these Lovers is beyond my Power. And the
    Misfortune is, that few of my Readers have been
    enough in Love, to feel by their own Hearts what
    past at this Time in theirs.(chapter XI of Book
    XIII)

19
  • no matter what the subject is, if there is a
    woman, just remember the word submission and
    know how to shut up.
  • M. Zeki ÇIRAKLI

20
FIRAT KESKIN
  • Thanks for your patience..
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