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Kanzi

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Kanzi Lesson: Objective 1 (5.10) (G) paraphrase and summarize text to recall, inform, or organize ideas Grade: 5 (TX) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Kanzi


1
Kanzi
  • Lesson Objective 1 (5.10) (G) paraphrase and
    summarize text to recall, inform, or organize
    ideas
  • Grade 5 (TX)

2
Introduction
  • Todays lesson is about bonobos, their habits,
    and how they can be trained. An example in case
    is Kanzi.
  • The lesson will teach you to paraphrase and
    summarize text to recall, inform, or organize
    ideas.
  • Kanzi enjoys learning Im sure you will too.
  • Todays lesson

2
3

Kanzi
  • Kanzi is an amazing ape who can speak with
    humans and can understand 450 words. The
    29-year-old bonobo, is able to understand and
    communicate with humans and out of 450 words he
    uses 30 to 40 on a daily basis. He has had
    countless articles written about him and has even
    been the subject of a book.
  • But now Kanzi the talking ape has reached the
    pinnacle of his packed showbiz career he has
    been the subject of a feature on Oprah Winfreys
    talk show.
  • He lives at the Great Ape Trust in Iowa where
    expert Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh has been teaching
    him to speak by pointing at symbols on a
    computer. Great Ape Trust is a scientific
    research facility in Des Moines, Iowa.
  • Kanzis fame has increased day by day. Appearing
    on the Oprah Winfrey talk show has made him quite
    famous.

3
4

Kanzi
  • OprahWinfrey correspondent Lisa Ling travelled
    all the way to the
  • Trust to meet Kanzi. On the show she told
    Oprah that the symbol
  • for the word flood was not on Kanzi's
    keyboard.
  • She said So when Iowa was hit by the storm and
    was flooding, he
  • would point out big water.
  • Clever Kanzi never at a loss for words!

4
5
Check Your Understanding
  • Which is the main idea for this passage?
  • a. Oprah Winfrey talk shows
  • b. Great Ape Trust
  • c. Kanzi, the talking ape
  • d. Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh

5
6
Feature 2 - Bonobos
  • The bonobo is a great ape closely related to the
    chimpanzee. It is the least known of the great
    apes because it lives in a remote rain-forest
    region of central Africa. If you look closely,
    youll see that bonobos are a little smaller,
    with pink lips, black faces, and a very
    attractive hairstyle with long black hair neatly
    parted in the middle. The first two toes of
    bonobos have a little bit of webbing. While
    chimpanzees have low, loud voices, bonobos are
    very high pitched.
  • When chimpanzees have war, the males take charge.
    They can sometimes get very violent. Sometimes
    they even kill each other. Unlike chimps, bonobos
    do not kill each other. They are not fighters.
  • Bonobos are peaceful, compared with
    chimpanzees and other great
  • apes. A bonobo will seldom kill another
    bonobo.
  • Bonobos are smaller than chimps. A male bonobo
    weighs about 85 to 95 pounds and a female, 65 to
    85 pounds a male chimpanzee can weigh as much as
    135 pounds.

6
7
Feature 2 - Bonobos
  • The bonobos I saw in a German zoo, strode about
    the enclosure
  • picking up fruit and mingling with their
    friends. They looked
  • strangely human with their upright form
    walking on two legs. Their
  • long, slim arms and legs, slender neck and
    body looked more
  • like ours than that of a chimp, I thought.
  • Bonobos are quite similar to humans in other ways
    also. A baby
  • bonobo weighs about three or four pounds at
    birth and is carried
  • around by its mother for the first few
    years, almost like a human
  • mom. She protects the youngster and shares
    her nest with it for the
  • first five or six years. A bonobo can live
    up to about 60 years. They
  • have a playful gentle manner that is quite
    similar to human beings.
  • To observe bonobos in the wild, I flew to Congo.
    They spend much of
  • the day feeding or dozing. At night, they
    settle in a clump of trees
  • and build their springy nests with leafy
    branches, weaving them
  • into resting places. Chimps build night
    nests too, but theirs are not
  • as elaborate as bonobo cradles, which
    resemble giant bird nests.

7
8
Feature 2 - Bonobos
  • Bonobo males take care of their babies
    chimpanzee males at times
  • kill the little ones of rival males.
  • 8. Like other wild animals, the number of
    bonobos today are getting
  • fewer. Sadly many bonobo infants are sold as
    pets and their survival is in doubt.
  • 9. The biggest threats to bonobos are poaching
    and hunting they are
  • are killed for bushmeat as well as trapped
    in snares. The local
  • conditions of war and poverty in Congo also
    make it difficult for
  • bonobos to survive.

8
9
Check Your Understanding
  • Which is the main idea for this passage?
  • a. comparison between human beings and bonobos
  • b. comparison between chimpanzees and bonobos
  • c. physical features of bonobos
  • d. threats to bonobos

9
10
Check Your Understanding
  • Which sentence tells us that bonobos resemble
    human beings closely?
  • a. to observe bonobos in the wild, I flew to
    Congo
  • b. their long, slim arms and legs, slender
    neck and body looked more
  • like ours than that of a chimp
  • c. sadly many bonobo infants are sold as
    pets, and may not
  • survive
  • d. the local conditions of war and poverty
    in Congo also make it
  • difficult for bonobos to survive

10
11
Check Your Understanding

4. Which sentence informs us that bonobos are
peace loving creatures? a. they spend
much of the day feeding or dozing b. they
have a gentle playful manner c. at night,
they settle in a clump of trees and build their
springy nests with leafy branches d.
they are not fighters
11
12
Check Your Understanding
  • Which sentence informs us that chimpanzees are
    aggressive creatures?
  • a. chimps build night nests too, but theirs
    are not as elaborate as
  • bonobo cradles
  • b. chimpanzee males at times kill the little
    ones of rival males
  • c. chimpanzees have low, loud voices
  • d. chimps are much bigger in size than bonobos

12
13
Check Your Understanding
  • Recall the correct information.
  • a. the first two toes have a little bit of
    webbing (chimps / bonobos)
  • b. sometimes they even kill each other
    (bonobos / chimps)
  • c. when there is war, the males take charge
    (bonobos / chimps)
  • d. they have pink lips, black faces, and
    attractive long black hair
  • neatly parted in the middle (chimps /
    bonobos)

13
14
Check Your Understanding
  • Which is the best summary for this passage?
  • a. Bonobos are smaller versions of chimpanzees,
    but with
  • distinctive facial features and
    coloring. Their limbs are smaller
  • and slimmer. They mother their young
    ones well and are
  • generally more peaceful in nature than
    chimps.
  • b. Bonobos live in Congo. The number of bonobos
    are dwindling
  • because of poaching and hunting. Many
    bonobos are also sold as
  • pets. Local conditions and war in Congo
    make it tough for them
  • to survive.

  • (contd. on next slide / screen)

14
15
Check Your Understanding
  • (contd. from previous slide / screen)
  • c. A bonobo is closely related to the
    chimpanzee. But they resemble
  • humans more, because they walk on two
    legs, and have long slim
  • limbs and slender necks. They eat fruits
    and leaves and do not
  • fight or kill.
  • d. Bonobos are smaller than chimps. They are
    peaceful animals.
  • Bonobos are quite similar to humans in
    many ways. Bonobos
  • resemble humans because of their size
    and two legged walk.

15
16
Check Your Understanding
  • Discuss or recall the points of similarity the
    author has made between bonobos and humans.
  • (Compare physical features and habits).

16
17

Feature 3 Kanzis Ways
  1. Science is showing how smart animals can be.
    Kanzi is the worlds first, talking ape
    superstar. The name Kanzi means "treasure" in
    Swahili. Kanzi is the first ape to be able to
    show that he truly understands spoken English.
    Kanzi is also adept at stone tool making.
  2. Kanzi has been a celebrity ape since the late
    1980s when his amazing ability to communicate was
    first discovered. Kanzi lives in The Great Ape
    Trust in Iowa with Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh. Sue
    says she taught Kanzi to communicate the same way
    she taught her son to speak. I just talk to
    Kanzi like you see me talking now, she said.
    He just was around me and learned it like a
    child.
  3. He speaks by pressing a symbol on the computer
    which then repeats the word out loud. Dr
    Savage-Rumbaugh says that he is even able to put
    together two-word sentences and shows remarkable
    invention when creating new phrases.

17
18

Feature 3 Kanzis Ways
  • For the word pizza, he pointed at cheese,
    tomato and bread.
  • Kanzi is also able to blow up a balloon,
    proving that he has control over his own breath.
    It was previously believed that only humans were
    able to do so.
  • Kanzi has been the subject of a book as well as
    features in National Geographic and Time
    magazines. He became famous after becoming the
    first ape to learn language in a natural way.
    Kanzi is also adept at stone tool making.
  • Kanzi loves to eat onions, and cherries with
    orange soda. His favorite toy is a green ball and
    his favorite game is Chase. Kanzi enjoys
    working on puzzles that allow him to show off his
    intelligence, sorting items and grooming.
  • The Trust also takes care of Teco, Kanzi's
    3-month-old son. Says
  • Sue, I am for all practical purposes,
    Teco's mother. He sleeps with
  • me.

18
19
Check Your Understanding
  • 9. Which is the best summary for the passage?
  • a. Kanzi is an intelligent bonobo. He loves
    to eat onions, and
  • cherries with orange soda. His favorite
    toy is a green ball and his
  • favorite game is Chase. He can also
    blow up a balloon.
  • b. Kanzi is a very smart animal. He has been
    trained by Dr. Sue
  • Savage-Rumbaugh at The Great Ape Trust.
    He knows how to
  • press correct symbols on a computer
    keyboard. Kanzi who has
  • been written about widely, is the first
    ape who understands
  • English.

  • (contd. on next slide /
    screen)

19
20
Check Your Understanding
9. (contd. from previous slide / screen)
c. Kanzis name means Treasure and he is a real
gem of an animal. Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh
says it was very easy to teach him. He has
a three-month-old son, to whom Sue plays mom.
Kanzi can also blow up a balloon. This
proves bonobos can hold their breath. d.
Kanzi is a famous ape, the only one who can
understand and respond to English.
Authors write about him. His trainer Sue
raves about him. Apart from blowing up a balloon,
he plays Chase and is good at tool
making.
20
21
Check Your Understanding
10. Kanzi is also able to blow up a balloon.
According to the author, what does the
above statement prove? It proves a.
Kanzi loves to have fun b. Kanzi is super
intelligent and a copycat c. it is just another
simple and succesful routine training given to
Kanzi d. that he has control over his own
breath
21
22
Check Your Understanding
11. Can you recall what Kanzi pointed to for the
word pizza? a. a slice of bread b.
tomato c. cheese, tomato and bread d. a piece
of cheese
22
23
Check Your Understanding
12. Recall the correct information then mark T
for true and F for false. a. Kanzi means
precious gem in Swahili b. Kanzi has a
three-month-old son, taken care of by Sue c.
Kanzi is fond of puzzles and sorting items
because he is good at them d. Kanzi is
able to type out simple 3 letter words using a
keyboard
23
24
Check Your Understanding

13. Recall the information in Feature 1 and
Feature 3. Do you think Kanzis
training has been kept private and secret or has
he got a lot of publicity? Can you recall
portions of the text to prove your answer?

24
25
Check Your Understanding
14. Out of his amazing vocabulary of about 450
words, how many does use daily? a. about 100
words b. between 30 to 40 words c. some days
are bad days, when he can barely use 10 words d.
a minimum of 50 to 60 words
25
26
Check Your Understanding

15. Kanzi is taught using the a. Montessori
method / playway method b. computer c.
phonograph and CDs d. homeschooling method
26
27
Summary
  • You have just discovered that even bonobos can
    learn a language.
  • You have learned to paraphrase and summarize text
    to recall, inform, or organize ideas.

27
28
Great job today!
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