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The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome


The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome World History-Schoellhorn Waking Up from the Dark Ages At the end of the Middle Ages, the church began to lose power. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome

The Renaissance A Rebirth of Greece and Rome
  • World History-Schoellhorn

Waking Up from the Dark Ages
  • At the end of the Middle Ages, the church began
    to lose power.
  • Couldnt stop the plague
  • Became power hungry and corrupt
  • Uneducated people bought their way into the
  • Couldnt regain the Holy Land
  • People began to wake up from the dark and see
    the light.
  • Realized the church couldnt give them all the
  • Realized people like Muslims were doing well
    studying Greek and Roman advances.
  • Began searching for new knowledge, breaking away
    from the church.

Theres No Place Like Rome
  • People in Europe realized that before the dark
    ages, the Greeks and Romans had been pretty
  • Began studying ancient Greek and Roman ideas to
    find new answers the church couldnt provide.
  • Developed new ideas that were Secular not based
    on religion.

Renaissance The Rebirth
  • Renaissance means rebirth or reawakening in
  • Began around 1400 AD, 1000 years after Rome
  • During this time period, people were waking up
    from the dark ages
  • Roman and Greek ideas were reborn and reused
    across Europe.

For Example Hello Humanism!
  • The Ancient Greeks believed in Humanism
  • Humanism The belief that humans and their lives
    are more important or equal to religious/supernatu
    ral things.
  • Basically, humans were as awesome, if not more
    awesome than the gods and should be studied,

What do Humanists believe?
  • God/gods made humans
  • God/gods gave humans talents
  • God/gods gave humans an earth.
  • Therefore..
  • Humans are awesome, not evil (like the church
  • Humans should use/show off those talents.
  • Humans should learn about their earth.
  • Anatomy
  • Biology
  • Science

A picture is worth a thousand words
  • One of the best ways to see the Greek belief in
    humanism is by looking at their art.
  • You can actually see the Renaissance happening!
  • For example, what does this sculpture say about
    the people who created it?
  • How do they view themselves?

Lets Recap of the Classics..
  • Classical Art, architecture or ideas from or
    inspired by Ancient Greece and Rome.
  • Believed humans were awesome.
  • Explored mans abilities
  • Man was made by the gods.gods were awesomeso
    man was awesome! Show that body off!
  • During the Renaissance, humanism led to a
    rebirth of the classical style and the
    philosophy of humanism

The Body Beautiful
  • During the Renaissance, humans (especially
    artists) adopted the ideas of humanism.
  • Began viewing humans as beautiful, not ugly or
    sinful like the church said they were.
  • During the middle ages, the church required all
    people to be covered up in art.
  • During the Renaissance, nudity was accepted to
    show off the body.

WaitWhy do the Classics include Greece AND Rome?
  • Roman artists, sculptors and architects copied
    Greeks as the standard of excellence.
  • Roman art looks more real, to celebrate
    personality of a person.

The Awesomeness of Classical Art
  • Classical Greek/Roman artists show the belief of
  • Made sculptures/art look as real as possible,
    almost impossibly real.
  • Showed talent and skill
  • Nudity was fine, showing off the body
  • Gods were okay to show in art, made to look like

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The Church Changes the Middle Ages
  • Constantine legalized Christianity in 313 AD.
  • When Rome fell, Christianity remained the most
    powerful thing in Europe, even controlling the
  • Christians did not want to look like polytheistic
  • No more statues
  • No more realism
  • No more humanism
  • NO more gods/goddesses
  • Absolutely NO nudity

The Rules of Religion
  • During the M.A., focus of art was on
    Christianity, Bible stories, and churches.
  • Used mainly to tell a story or teach a lesson,
    NOT show talent.
  • Art didnt completely die during the Middle Ages,
    but humanism did.
  • Showing off your talent was a sin, vanity.
  • Only create art to tell a story or message, not
    to show off.
  • Art was used as control to scare ignorant people.

What Happened?!
Before Rome fell
After Rome fell, during the Middle Ages
Ancient Rome..
Middle ages
Charlemagne is the Exception
  • Charlemagne wanted to recreate Rome.
  • Used Roman and Greek styles in art and
    architecture.until his empire fell.
  • The Middle Ages ALMOST ended early under

Secular Studies
  • Humanists of the Renaissance began
    studying/painting things that werent religions.
  • Secular Non-Religious.
  • Some even included Greek and Roman gods/goddesses
    in their work.
  • Celebrate THIS life, not worry about the

It First Came to Florence
  • Florence, Italy The Birthplace of the
  • Really close to Rome, the inspiration for the
  • Italy never really used Feudalism, actually had
    money to spend on art/artists.
  • Not really supervised by the church, allowed
    freedom of new ideas.
  • The Commercial revolution made middle class
    people wealthy with money to spend on nice art.

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Meet the Medici
  • Medicis were a banking in Florence family,
    loaned money to other city states.
  • When someone wanted to attack the Medici, they
    called in that city-states loans. Sono one ever
    attacked them.
  • Medici used their wealth as Patrons to local
    artists like Michelangelo. They sponsored the

Why Was it Easy for the Italians?
  • The Renaissance began in Italy because.
  • 1. No Feudalism, lots of money
  • 2. Most people already spoke Latin/Greek, could
    read classical texts without translation.
  • 3. Surrounded by Classical art/architecture, easy
    to copy and change.

The Medici chapel designed by Michelangelo
  • How can you see humanism and classical influence

The Return of the Amazing Architecture!
  • Even Greek and Roman architecture was reborn
    during the Renaissance.
  • What do you see in this building that shows
    classical Greek/Roman influence?

How does this.
  • Compare to this?

Humanism Everywhere!
  • Artists werent the only ones using humanism as
    their inspiration.
  • Writers, scientists and even rulers began using
    humanism to figure out how to be the best humans

Writing in the Renaissance
  • Literature in the Middle Ages became focused on
    humans and individuals.
  • Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Writer from Florence
  • Friend of the Medici family
  • wrote The Prince examining how a king should
    rule as a human being.
  • Is it better for a ruler to be loved or feared by
    his people?

A Whole New World
  • During the Renaissance, Europe woke up from the
    Dark Ages by returning to the classical styles
    and ideas of Greece and Rome.
  • We can see this the most in the art, architecture
    and literature (culture) of the Renaissance.