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The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome

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The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome World History-Schoellhorn Waking Up from the Dark Ages At the end of the Middle Ages, the church began to lose power. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome


1
The Renaissance A Rebirth of Greece and Rome
  • World History-Schoellhorn

2
Waking Up from the Dark Ages
  • At the end of the Middle Ages, the church began
    to lose power.
  • Couldnt stop the plague
  • Became power hungry and corrupt
  • Uneducated people bought their way into the
    church.
  • Couldnt regain the Holy Land
  • People began to wake up from the dark and see
    the light.
  • Realized the church couldnt give them all the
    answers.
  • Realized people like Muslims were doing well
    studying Greek and Roman advances.
  • Began searching for new knowledge, breaking away
    from the church.

3
Theres No Place Like Rome
  • People in Europe realized that before the dark
    ages, the Greeks and Romans had been pretty
    smart.
  • Began studying ancient Greek and Roman ideas to
    find new answers the church couldnt provide.
  • Developed new ideas that were Secular not based
    on religion.

4
Renaissance The Rebirth
  • Renaissance means rebirth or reawakening in
    French
  • Began around 1400 AD, 1000 years after Rome
    fell!.
  • During this time period, people were waking up
    from the dark ages
  • Roman and Greek ideas were reborn and reused
    across Europe.

5
For Example Hello Humanism!
  • The Ancient Greeks believed in Humanism
  • Humanism The belief that humans and their lives
    are more important or equal to religious/supernatu
    ral things.
  • Basically, humans were as awesome, if not more
    awesome than the gods and should be studied,
    celebrated.

6
What do Humanists believe?
  • God/gods made humans
  • God/gods gave humans talents
  • God/gods gave humans an earth.
  • Therefore..
  • Humans are awesome, not evil (like the church
    said)
  • Humans should use/show off those talents.
  • Humans should learn about their earth.
  • Anatomy
  • Biology
  • Science

7
A picture is worth a thousand words
  • One of the best ways to see the Greek belief in
    humanism is by looking at their art.
  • You can actually see the Renaissance happening!
  • For example, what does this sculpture say about
    the people who created it?
  • How do they view themselves?

8
Lets Recap of the Classics..
  • Classical Art, architecture or ideas from or
    inspired by Ancient Greece and Rome.
  • Believed humans were awesome.
  • Explored mans abilities
  • Man was made by the gods.gods were awesomeso
    man was awesome! Show that body off!
  • During the Renaissance, humanism led to a
    rebirth of the classical style and the
    philosophy of humanism

9
The Body Beautiful
  • During the Renaissance, humans (especially
    artists) adopted the ideas of humanism.
  • Began viewing humans as beautiful, not ugly or
    sinful like the church said they were.
  • During the middle ages, the church required all
    people to be covered up in art.
  • During the Renaissance, nudity was accepted to
    show off the body.

10
WaitWhy do the Classics include Greece AND Rome?
  • Roman artists, sculptors and architects copied
    Greeks as the standard of excellence.
  • Roman art looks more real, to celebrate
    personality of a person.

11
The Awesomeness of Classical Art
  • Classical Greek/Roman artists show the belief of
    humanism.
  • Made sculptures/art look as real as possible,
    almost impossibly real.
  • Showed talent and skill
  • Nudity was fine, showing off the body
  • Gods were okay to show in art, made to look like
    man

12
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13
The Church Changes the Middle Ages
  • Constantine legalized Christianity in 313 AD.
  • When Rome fell, Christianity remained the most
    powerful thing in Europe, even controlling the
    art.
  • Christians did not want to look like polytheistic
    Romans.
  • No more statues
  • No more realism
  • No more humanism
  • NO more gods/goddesses
  • Absolutely NO nudity

14
The Rules of Religion
  • During the M.A., focus of art was on
    Christianity, Bible stories, and churches.
  • Used mainly to tell a story or teach a lesson,
    NOT show talent.
  • Art didnt completely die during the Middle Ages,
    but humanism did.
  • Showing off your talent was a sin, vanity.
  • Only create art to tell a story or message, not
    to show off.
  • Art was used as control to scare ignorant people.

15
What Happened?!
Before Rome fell
After Rome fell, during the Middle Ages
16
Ancient Rome..
17
Middle ages
18
Charlemagne is the Exception
  • Charlemagne wanted to recreate Rome.
  • Used Roman and Greek styles in art and
    architecture.until his empire fell.
  • The Middle Ages ALMOST ended early under
    Charlemagne

19
Secular Studies
  • Humanists of the Renaissance began
    studying/painting things that werent religions.
  • Secular Non-Religious.
  • Some even included Greek and Roman gods/goddesses
    in their work.
  • Celebrate THIS life, not worry about the
    afterlife.

20
It First Came to Florence
  • Florence, Italy The Birthplace of the
    Renaissance.
  • Really close to Rome, the inspiration for the
    Renaissance.
  • Italy never really used Feudalism, actually had
    money to spend on art/artists.
  • Not really supervised by the church, allowed
    freedom of new ideas.
  • The Commercial revolution made middle class
    people wealthy with money to spend on nice
    stuff..like art.

21
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22
Meet the Medici
  • Medicis were a banking in Florence family,
    loaned money to other city states.
  • When someone wanted to attack the Medici, they
    called in that city-states loans. Sono one ever
    attacked them.
  • Medici used their wealth as Patrons to local
    artists like Michelangelo. They sponsored the
    Renaissance.

23
Why Was it Easy for the Italians?
  • The Renaissance began in Italy because.
  • 1. No Feudalism, lots of money
  • 2. Most people already spoke Latin/Greek, could
    read classical texts without translation.
  • 3. Surrounded by Classical art/architecture, easy
    to copy and change.

24
The Medici chapel designed by Michelangelo
25
  • How can you see humanism and classical influence
    here?

26
The Return of the Amazing Architecture!
  • Even Greek and Roman architecture was reborn
    during the Renaissance.
  • What do you see in this building that shows
    classical Greek/Roman influence?

27
How does this.
  • Compare to this?

28
Humanism Everywhere!
  • Artists werent the only ones using humanism as
    their inspiration.
  • Writers, scientists and even rulers began using
    humanism to figure out how to be the best humans
    possible.

29
Writing in the Renaissance
  • Literature in the Middle Ages became focused on
    humans and individuals.
  • Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Writer from Florence
  • Friend of the Medici family
  • wrote The Prince examining how a king should
    rule as a human being.
  • Is it better for a ruler to be loved or feared by
    his people?

30
A Whole New World
  • During the Renaissance, Europe woke up from the
    Dark Ages by returning to the classical styles
    and ideas of Greece and Rome.
  • We can see this the most in the art, architecture
    and literature (culture) of the Renaissance.
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