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God and the Meaning of Life

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God and the Meaning of Life Most Urgent of Questions Why does the universe exist? Why is there something instead of nothing? Why do human beings in general exist? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: God and the Meaning of Life


1
God and the Meaning of Life
  • Most Urgent of Questions
  • Why does the universe exist? Why is there
    something instead of nothing?
  • Why do human beings in general exist?
  • Why do I exist?

2
God and the Meaning of Life
  • Are there any objective values which provide
    significance and a goal or purpose for the
    universe as a whole, human life in general, or my
    life in particular?

-What is the meaning of moral statements? -Why
should I be moral?
3
Metaethics and the Meaning of Moral Statements
  • Definition That branch of philosophy which
    analyzes the meaning of certain moral terms
  • (right, wrong, good, bad, ought, worth, and so
    forth)

4
Metaethics and the Meaning of Moral Statements
  • Noncognitivist Theories - Statements are not
    indicative, or true or false

Emotivism the meaning of moral statements is in
the expression of emotion
Imperativalism moral statements are merely
moral commands
5
Metaethics and the Meaning of Moral Statements
  • Cognitivist Theories - statements are indicative
    and give factual information


- Subjectivist Theories moral statements convey
information about the speaker - private
subjectivism moral statements describe the
psychological state of the speaker - cultural
relativism moral statements express
sociological opinions
6
Metaethics and the Meaning of Moral Statements
  • Cognitivist Theories (cont.)

- Objectivist Theories moral statements convey
information by properties of people or acts -
ethical naturalism ethical terms can be
reduced to scientific properties - ethical
non-naturalism moral properties exist which
persons and acts have and which moral
statements ascribe to people and acts
7
Reasons for Being Moral
  • Why should I adopt the moral point of view as a
    guiding force over my life?
  • Justifications for morality
  • moral should -Am I obligated to be moral?
  • it is the morally right thing to be moral
  • reasonable should -What rational justification
    can be given to me as to why it would be
    reasonable for me to adopt the moral point of
    view?

8
Four Views of the Meaning of Life
9
Nihilism and Naturalism
  • Beliefs
  • Human existence is totally meaningless
  • There are no values, thus no reason to be moral
  • God is dead
  • Science has shown life to be meaningless

10
Nihilism and Naturalism
  • Objections
  • The belief that God is dead is diminishing
  • Values may exist even though they cannot be
    proven
  • Proof of everything is not necessary. Proving
    proof would continue ad infinitum.
  • Nazi genocide and the torture of babies is
    obviously wrong.
  • Questions of meaning and value are outside the
    limits of science
  • Nihilism is unlivable and cannot be rationally
    recommended

11
Temporal Purpose and Optimistic Humanism
  • Beliefs
  • There is no reason for existence, but humans
    create values and give life their own meaning
  • Life can be subjectively satisfying

12
Temporal Purpose and Optimistic Humanism
  • Objections
  • Suggests living a life of delusion
  • No rational justification over nihilism
  • No rational objection to obvious moral atrocities
    (ex. Nazis, torturing babies, etc.)

13
Immanent Purpose and Transcendentalism
  • Beliefs
  • There is no reason for existence, but life has
    objective meaning because objective values can be
    found within life
  • Values are there as brute givens
  • ethical non-naturalism
  • meaning comes from objective values which are
    immanently realized in life itself

14
Immanent Purpose and Transcendentalism
  • Objections
  • Cannot account for moral guilt (Guilt requires a
    Person to feel guilty towards)
  • Cannot account for retributive punishment
    (Necessitates Being to whom, we repay for moral
    wrong)
  • Moral values without moral law-giver does not
    make sense

15
Immanent Purpose and Transcendentalism
  • Objections (continued)
  • If moral values are cosmic entities, why would
    they have do with us?
  • It would seem inconsistent to allow moral values
    and not God
  • Cannot explain how detailed aspects of morality
    can be known
  • Has no adequate answer for why to obey morality
    over ones selfish interests

16
Cosmic Purpose and Christian Theism
  • Beliefs
  • The universe, man, and individuals have reason
    for existence and for living
  • Cosmos exists to glorify God and promote the good
    of His creatures
  • Human history has purpose, showing the struggle
    between good and evil
  • Values come from God, through nature and the Bible

17
Cosmic Purpose and Christian Theism
  • Beliefs (continued)
  • Motives for morality
  • the love of God
  • the sake of doing right
  • the rewards of obeying God

18
Cosmic Purpose and Christian Theism
  • Popular Objections
  • God complicates values
  • Presence of God undercuts meaning of life
  • Existence of God and an afterlife does not give a
    meaning to life
  • Christian motive for morality collapses into
    personal egoism
  • Rebuttal
  • Morality is based on Gods nature
  • Man has free will, was designed to find meaning
    in God
  • They are necessary components to meaning value
    and purpose are based in Gods nature
  • Rewards not sole motive, but a part

19
Conclusion
  • Nihilism and Optimistic Humanism are empty and
    lacking purpose
  • Immanent Purpose and Christian Theism affirm the
    existence of values and purpose
  • Christian Theism has a better explanation
  • Christian Theism has only weak objections

20
THE END
  • Aaron Homoya and Josh Hedges
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