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LITERARY TERMS

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Title: LITERARY TERMS


1
LITERARY TERMS
  • AKA The-Most-Important-Notes-Youll-Take-This-Yea
    r-So-Copy-Every-Word-Down

2
(No Transcript)
3
--CHARACTERIZATION--
  • Big Question Who is this character and How do I
    know that?
  • The method a writer uses to reveal the
    personality of a character.
  • A. Direct characterization direct statements
    about a characters personality
  • B. Indirect characterization revealing a
    characters personality through the characters
    words and actions and through what other
    characters think and say about the character

4
--CHARACTER TYPES--
  • Big Question Does the character make big
    changes in his/her life or stay the same?
  • Static character a character who remains the
    same from beginning to end
  • Dynamic character a character who changes
    throughout the story

5
  • Protagonist the main character of the story
  • Antagonist the adversary (against the main
    character)

6
--MOOD--
  • Big question How does the author want ME to
    feel?
  • The emotional quality or atmosphere of a story
  • A mysterious mood might read like this
  • Things are unclear, and everything important in
    the story tries to remain hidden. Antagonists try
    not to show their real motives, no-one knows what
    they are after. The streets are dimmed by fog,
    and the main characters rarely understand all
    that happens around them.

7
--TONE--
  • Big Question What is the AUTHORS
    voice/mood/attitude?
  • The writers attitude toward the subject

8
--FORESHADOWING--
  • Big Question Can anything in the story help me
    predict what happens later on?
  • The use of clues by the author to prepare readers
    for events that will happen later in a story

9
--flashback--
  • Big Question Are there any moments when the
    author talks about something that happened
    before?
  • The writer presents past events during the
    current events of the story to show background
    information

10
--SYMBOL--
  • Big Question Does this object have a
    not-so-obvious meaning?
  • An object, person, place or experience that means
    more than what it is
  • Literal Meaning ?
  • Figurative Meaning ?

11
--Conflict--
  • Big Question Whats the problem and who is
    involved in it?
  • the opposition of forces which ties one incident
    to another and makes the plot move
  • Person VS Another Person
  • Person VS Fate (Destiny)
  • Person VS Nature
  • Person VS Society
  • Person VS Self

12
--Setting--
  • Big Question what IMPACT does the setting have
    on this story?
  • time and location in which a story takes place
  • consider how setting contributes to a story

13
--Point of view (pov)
  • Big Question Who is speaking?
  • First-Person POV Narrator participates in the
    action of the story as a character.
  • Uses I
  • Third-Person POV Does NOT participate in the
    action, but lets the reader know how ALL
    characters think and feel.
  • Uses he, she, or it
  • Second-Person POV Directly addresses the reader.
  • Uses you (might be directly in the story or
    implied)

14
--IRONY--
  • What is EXPECTED is not what HAPPENS.
  • Three types of irony
  • Situational irony the actual outcome of a
    situation is the opposite of someones
    expectations
  • Verbal irony a person says one thing and means
    another (You wreak your car and exclaim, Well
    this is great!)
  • Dramatic irony the audience has important
    information that characters in a literary work do
    not have

Hint Irony IS in Death by Scrabble!
15
--INFERENCE--
  • Big Question What educated guess can I make
    based on the characters/plot?
  • Making a conclusion based on evidence.
  • (In literature it describes the act of figuring
    something out by using what you already know.)
  • Example
  • A B C If A 2 and B 3 then using
    what you know, you can deduce what C equals.
  • Example
  • In The Three Little Pigs, the reader can INFER
    that the wolf is going to try to blow down the
    third pigs house.

16
--allusion--
  • Big Question Is there a reference to something
    else?
  • An implied or indirect reference to a
    person/event/thing in history, mythology,
    religion, or popular culture.

17
--DICTION--
  • Big Question what is this authors style of
    writing?
  • The writers choice of words
  • Good writers choose their words carefully to
    create style and to convey a meaning or feeling

18
--DENOTATION--
  • Literal or dictionary meaning of a word
  • Example Home a house, dwelling, a place where
    one lives permanently

--CONNOTATION--
  • Suggested/implied meanings associated with a word
    beyond its dictionary meaning
  • Example Home - family, loving, safe, warm

19
--Theme --
  • Big Question What is the author trying to tell
    us?
  • The central message of a story

20
--IMAGERY--
  • Big Question how does the author make me feel
    like Im in the story?
  • Word pictures that writers create to evoke an
    emotional response.
  • Appeal to sensory details
  • Sight
  • Hearing
  • Touch
  • Taste
  • Smell

21
--SIMILE--
  • A figure of speech using like or as to
    compare seemingly unlike things
  • Example
  • The corn was as high as an elephants eye.

I mean really! Do corn and an Elephant have
ANYTHING in common?
22
--METAPHOR--
  • A figure of speech that compares two or more
    things WITHOUT using like or as.
  • Example
  • Hes a bear when hes angry!
  • (Notice how its DIRECTLY stated.
  • This IS that format.)

23
--Extended metaphor--
  • Compares two things WITHOUT using like or as
    for an EXTENDED time throughout the text.

24
--PERSONIFICATION--
  • A figure of speech in which an animal, object,
    force of nature, or idea is given human qualities
    or characteristics
  • Example
  • The shadow crept along
  • the hallway.

25
  • Exposition The beginning of a story where the
    characters are introduced and the setting
    (background info) is revealed.
  • Rising Action This is where a problem(s) arise
    and tension builds in the story
  • Climax The most exciting point and turning
    point of the story. The reader wants to know what
    happens next
  • Falling Action The action that follows directly
    after the climax. This is where the problem(s)
    begins unwinding
  • Resolution This is the end of the story where
    the problem(s) is worked out

The 5 Parts of Plot
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